El Cid

This essay has a total of 767 words and 4 pages.

El Cid

An Overview of the Life of a Spanish National Hero


Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar, known best as El Cid, is revered as a great national hero of Spain.
The name El Cid comes from the Arabic ‘El Seid' meaning the Lord. Known to his admiring
countrymen as ‘campeador', or champion, he was a Spanish warrior whom later legend made
into a hero and the symbol of chivalry and virtue. El Cid was born in Vivar near Burgos in
1043. His father, Diego Lainez, was a member of the minor nobility, called the
‘infanzones' of Castile. El Cid was also directly connected on his mother's side to
royalty.

History paints two pictures of Rodrigo Diaz. He was an unprincipled adventurer, who
battled against both Christians and Moors. And on the other hand, he was also a symbol of
romance, legend, and ballad. He is shown as the tender, loving husband and father, the
loyal, courageous soldier, and an ever-present inspiration to Spanish patriotism. He
stands out as the central figure of the long struggle of Christian Spain against the
Muslim threats.

Fernando I, known as Fernando The Great, died in 1065, and at his death Fernando divided
his lands among his three sons: Sancho, Alfonso, and Garcia, and his two daughters: Elvira
and Urraca. He also asked them to promise him they would respect his wishes and abide by
the divisions. But Sancho, who received the Kingdom of Castile, being the eldest, thought
he should have inherited the entire dominions of his father. Sancho was stronger, braver,
and craftier than his brothers and sisters and cherished the idea of taking their
possessions, and becoming the sole successor of Fernando I.

At this time, El Cid was quite young, and Sancho out of gratitude to Rodrigo's father, had
retained him at the court and looked after his education, especially his military
training. When Sancho succeeded to the Castilian throne, he nominated the 22-year-old Cid
as ‘alferez', or commander-in-chief of the royal troops. This early promotion to
important office suggests that the young Cid had already won a reputation for military
expertise.

In 1067, Cid accompanied Sancho on a campaign against the important Moorish kingdom of
Saragossa, and he played a leading role in the negotiations that made its king,
al-Muqtadir, an ally of the Castilian crown.

El Cid played a prominent part in Sancho's successful crusades against his brother,
Alfonso. In 1072, Sancho was killed and therefore caused Alfonso to be his only possible
heir. Although this caused Cid to lose his position as ‘alferez', and his influence on
the court declined, he was allowed to remain there.

In 1074, he married a niece of Alfonso's, Jimena. In 1081, he led an unauthorized military
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