Emotional devleopment in children Essay

This essay has a total of 712 words and 4 pages.

Emotional devleopment in children

Emotional development is a major factor in the overall development of a child. It is
believed that emotional and social development are very closely entwined. Child experts
and psychologists agree that emotions are vital in a child's life and to be able to
promote a healthy social development a child must learn how to correctly find solutions to
interpersonal problems.

Moreover, research shows when parents display higher levels of warmth and positive
interaction children are more likely to exhibit social competence, higher self-esteem, and
emotional understanding.

Play is an important part of emotional-social development. Play can act as a way for
children to reveal their innermost feelings and express thought. As defined by the text,
play is "voluntary activities done for enjoyment or recreation that are not performed for
any sake beyond themselves." Children move through different levels of play as they
mature. One form of play which scientists have become increasingly interested in is
imaginative play. With imagination children learn how to be creative. Many children
between ages 3-5 create imaginary friends for themselves.

Though play is often accepted and encouraged by western industrialized cultures it often
times is not accepted by families of other cultures. Parents of such westernized cultures
tend to support freedom of expression, independence, individuality, etc., known as
individualism. On the other hand many Asian parents tend to support collectivism.
Collectivism is a view where children are brought up with a strong emotional bond with
their parents. It is important for a teacher to learn and understand the different
cultures within her classroom. Many different cultures have different customs and beliefs
than ones own.

Emotional development is very important in a developing child's self esteem. There are
many factors that can affect and influence a child's self-esteem. Ones own sense of self,
how we define ourselves, helps us direct and respond to our own behavior. When a child is
able to identify their own sense of self they are able to view themselves as able to
produce outcomes. Another influence on self-esteem is ones self-concept or self image,
"the image one has of oneself."

One aspect of self is that of ones gender. Acquiring gender identification is a very
important step in a child's development. How a child develops their gender identity ("the
conception people have of themselves as being male or female" has much to do with their
upbringing and parental influences. Hormonal influences can also play a large part in
gender behavior, as well as social influences. The text mentioned four existing theories
on the progression of children becoming psychologically masculine or feminine. The
theories mentioned include psychoanalytic theory, psychosocial theory, cognitive learning
theory, and cognitive developmental theory.

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