English parliment Essays and Papers

This essay has a total of 575 words and 4 pages.

english parliment

English Parliament's Rise ot Power

In the seventeenth century, the political power of the
Parliament in England, and the Monarchy in France increased greatly.
These conditions were inspired by three major changes: the aftermath
of the reformation, the need for an increased governmental financing,
and the reorganizing of central governments. These three points were
each resolved in a different way in both England and in France.

The first major point which eventually increased political power
was the aftermath of the Protestant reformation. In England, after the
establishment of the separate Anglican church of England there were
many protestant groups left in England still in conflict. These groups
all tried to push and pull parliament in their favor -- which
ultimately made it so that nothing could be done. These conflicts even
came to the point of bloody civil wars and suffering on both sides of
the fighting. Parliament ultimately decided to stop these wars by
creating religious Act of Toleration (1689) for the non-conformist
protestants. For many people, this caused more unity in England and
increased power. In France, the decision was made to unify the country
through the establishment of a single religious authority, the
Catholic Church. The king of France became the heart of this policy,
which gave him control of religion when this went into effect.

The next major point was the increase in need for governmental
financing. In England, taxing had become under the control of
Parliament. In addition to this, the cost of running a government in
general had gone up and the country needed more money. Because the
king didn't have as much power to tax as he pleases, the government
could make a firm and accurate taxation of the people. In France, the
price of government had also gone up. However, here the was a monarchy
and a king with great control over the government. Using his control
of the economy, a strong "Mercantilism" system was used aimed at
maximizing foreign exports and reserves. The king became the center of
this new power.

The last major point which increased political power was the
reorganizing of the central governments in both England and in France.
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