Events That Effected Slavery Essay

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Events That Effected Slavery

Introduction"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that
they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are
Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness" (Thomas Jefferson). The only problem with
this passage from the Declaration of Independence is that it does not say, "We hold these
truths to be self-evident, that all men and Negroes are created equal, that they are
endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life,
Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness" Thomas Jefferson's words were not correct. Not all
men were created equal and these men were slaves. Slavery has existed throughout the
United States for centuries before the present day. This was the most inhumane treatment
any man could go through. The following report will express the impact of slavery on the
history of the united states of America.The Earliest Slaves in AmericaIn the summer of
1619 a 160-ton ship from the Port of Flushing in Holland sailed into the Chesapeake Bay.
The Dutch ship was under the command of Captain Jope and piloted by an English man named
Marmaduke Raynor. In exchange for supplies Jope sold more than 20 Negroes to the local
authorities in the English colony of Virginia. These blacks came ashore 12 years after the
founding of Jamestown. At first the Virginians liked white indentured persons who knew
their language and their ways, compared to the newly arrived black slaves. Over time
though, the black servants grew accustomed to the environment and were better than the
white indentured servants. The colonists didn't approve, but because of the need for
laborers for Tobacco the acceptance grew.Slavery grows from demand of cottonThe
Revolutionary War won for the Americans a large stretch of wilderness between the
Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River. After 1800 settlers began to clear and
plant on the land. Many of these settlers brought slaves with them. One of the crops which
they planted was cotton. When the slaves had to pick the cotton it would prick them and
slow the picking down tremendously. Then a man named Eli Whitney invented a machine called
the Cotton Gin. The Cotton Gin cleaned the short sticky fibers of the upland cotton. Metal
teeth simply pulled the fibers from the seeds. The invention of this machine made the
cotton economy soar. This increased the need for slaves. They needed more slaves to pick
the cotton faster so they could keep up with the production. The masters were constantly
working their slaves from dusk until dawn. They would load the cotton into wagons and take
the crop to the gin. As planters in the South turned more and more land to growing cotton,
the economy could support more people. In 1790 the South had one million white people, six
hundred fifty-seven thousand black slaves, and thirty-two thousand free black people.
Slaves grew in population rapidly. Resistance To SlaverySlaves found many ways to resist
white control. Most resistance forms were passive. Slaves used songs to express their
longings to be free, but also spread news for secret meetings. Some slaves pretended to be
sick, broke tools and worked as slow as possible. Others, ran away. When these slaves were
caught, they were punished severely. Other ways slaves resisted the whites were through
means of violence. Some slaves would try to poison the masters food which scared many
plantation owners. The most violent though were organized riots. Slavery causes problems
Slavery also caused problems where states were concerned. When Missouri sought admission
to the Union in 1819, it proposed a state constitution which would protect slavery. At
that time there were exactly as many slave states as well as free states in the Union. The
house of representatives was dominated by the North and the Southerners stood to gain
control of the senate if Missouri was admitted as a slave state. Before the Missouri
Debate began, Congress used the Northwest Ordinance to prohibit slavery north and west of
the Ohio River. The balance was in danger of being upset. Slavery also affected this
greatly and it later led to the Missouri Compromise.The Antislavery movement In the early
1800's an antislavery movement was developing. Many voices of free slaves from the North
and abolitionists were beginning to speak out against slavery. Abolitionism was a movement
for an immediate end to slavery. Many abolitionists freed slaves from their life of
enslavement. Sojourner Truth was one of the main women abolitionists in the fight against
slavery. She not only aided blacks in their escape, but she spoke to president Lincoln
personally about her views. Free blacks were not the only ones who worked to free slaves.
There were also white abolitionists who worked for the same cause. A newspaper called the
Liberator was started by William Lloyd Garrison supporting abolitionism. This rekindled
the flame of the white antislavery movement In 1852 Harriet Beecher Stowe published a book
called Uncle Tom's cabin. This book told about the evils of slavery, and what slaves had
to live through. Stowe was also against the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850. This law enabled
the northerners were permitted to catch runaway slaves who could not defend themselves in
court. This book caused immediate controversy between the North and the South as soon as
it hit the shelves. Three hundred thousand copies were sold of the book in 1
year.Kansas-Nebraska ActLawmakers knew that a bill was needed to set up a territorial
government for Kansas. And in order to build the railroad, land had to be set aside for
the railroad companies. Yet the issue of slavery blocked these promising plans. Kansas and
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