Facts Essay

This essay has a total of 1440 words and 16 pages.


facts





From YHWH to Moses
1. No Gods before me
2. Graven image
3. Name in vain
4. Sabbath
5. Honor
6. Kill
7. Adultery
8. Steal
9. Lie
10. Covet

Pentateuch-1st 5
10th century ark of covenant placed in solomons temble
586 B.C.E. destroyed by baby
David chose Jeru as capital
922 B.C.E. split 2 nations
assy 721 bce w/ north
known as 10 lost tribes
Judah left
586 neo-baby captured
led by ezeikial
538 Persians took baby
freed jews
Ezra rebuilds reads laws 488
Herod the great restored temple 37bce as Solomon had it until 70 AD
Alexandria Egypt-Jews present. Hebrew to Greek translation
Persian jews Esther became queen in 5th century B.C.e.

10 adult men is Quorum-Minyan plus torah makes synagogue
Judah ha-nasi brought toget. All commentary since Ezra called mishnah
TALMUD center of Jewish life moved from 586bce
galilee to baby.
Gemara
germara plus mishnah=Talmud.425bce
presidents of academics called GAONS

reform no continuation of development
Talmud no authority
no messiah no homeland

Zionism buying land looking for homeland
Orthodox largest group
reconstructionalism 1930's culture and religion
SABBATH-SHABBAT
PASSOVER PESACH
FEAST OF WEEKS SHAVOUT
ROSH HASHANA
YOM KIPPOR
SUKKOT
CHANUKAH PURIM
BAR MITZVAH

CHRISTIANITY

2 BILL LARGEST
STARTED AS JEWISH SECT
GNOSTISM- CHRIST CAN’T BE HUMAN
MARCIONISM-2 GODS, NO O.T. BECAUSE OLD GOD.
MONTANISM- TONGUES AND PROPHECY
340 CE APOSTLES CREED
Simon peter first bishop of roman church
Constantine moved Rome capital to Byzantium bishops in Rome became stronger east west
separated with difference.
64 330 persecution
1. Nero Domintian Hadrian marcus Aurelius Diocletian more than 10 years
313 Constantine issued Edit of Milan that ceased persecution
council of Nicea nature of Christ
325 ce
Theodosius 379-395 roman empire national religion

Augustine 354-430doctrine of original sin predestination

monoastic 3rd century celibacy fasting etc...Jerome translated from Greek to La6tin vulgate

Medieval period

division of e and w
330 constanople new capital from 330 Council of Nicea to settle differences. Rome no
leadership north Africa and Asia focused on theological formations. West more practical,
concerned with survival in hostile enviromentEast-divine nature west human east icons west
statutes. West sprinkling east immersion east fell to Muslims.

Council of Pisa 1409 selected 3rd pope
Council of Constance 1414 1418 settled problems capital Rome

Aquinas 1274 great developed
16 century revolution for protestant reform
1517 Luther 95 thesis
John wycliffe 1320-1384 from Latin to English
preachers -lollards
john hus martyr 1374-1415

Luther 1483 1546became anti-Semitic
Calvin predestination
zwingli differed with communion more to remembrance of me

Council of Trent reforms Catholics decided to reaffirm there authority.

7 sacrament baptism
confirmation
penance
Eucharist
extreme unction
marriage
holy orders


further supported relics saints no more sale of indulgences.
Society of Jesuits established
dogmas
immaculate conception
papal infallacty
bodily assumption of Mary second Vatican council

jews did not kill Christ
invited to reunite eastern orthodox and protestant
1962-65

1948 ecumenical movement world council of churches epiphany 4 weeks before Christmases to
celebrate wise men that saw Christ.
Pentecost
Liberation theology social justice much like Marxist doctrine
fundamentalism- read as historical and scientific text no evolution

ISLAM

youngest religion 7 century ce Arabian desert people
Allah god but unreachable high god animism in preislamic Mecca central west coast of Arabia
meteorite fell from heaven people called it Ka ba made an enclosure around it.
Muhammad born 570 ce clan of hasim tribe of Quraish.
Khadija wif4e 40 years old m. 25 his first convert.
Ramadan at mount hira met Gabriel saying in the name of the lord who created man from a
blood clot and the lord is the most generous who taught by the pen taught man what he knew
not. Last of gods prophets beginning with Abraham
m. got final revelation
a completion
615 followers left country due to persecution to Ethiopia today m. stayed in Mecca.
620 ce 6 came from yathib later called Medina 250 miles to talk with m. 622 tried to go to
Medina the journey is called Hijrah ANNO HEGIRae on calenders.

Medina Charter political authority given to m in Medina some sects of jews would not comply,
m got soft. This is the time when m said to pray to Mecca. Zainab poisoned M which he suffered
the rest of his life. Z guy jew.
630 m conquered Mecca with 10,000 men in Ka’ba he tore down idols
632 m to Mecca at 62 died. Abu-bakr his friend was caliph

Qur’an reading
Hafiz one that memorizes total Qu’ram

114 surahs
600 ayas
Allah 99 names holy one mercifuletc...
Angels massagers
jinn between angels and man created of fire.
Some good some demons
Iblis Satan
predestination man puppets

mosque
not temple focused religion
Friday worship led by imam
Five Pillars

shahadah creed and repetition

salaht 5 x a day
muezzins call to prayer
zakaht alms
sawn fasting especially in the month of Ramadan in remembrance of m first revelation
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