Facundo Essay

This essay has a total of 943 words and 5 pages.


Facundo





Reaction Paper #2

"Facundo or, Civilization and Barbarism," by Domingo F. Sarmiento is a book which talks
about the many topics of government and political situations in which Argentina was
involved. Mary Mann is the translator of the book and the introduction is by Ilan
Stavans. The time period the story takes place in is the nineteenth century, but the book
was written in 1845. The geographic areas in which the events take place are Argentina,

Chile, and most of the southernmost part of South America, such as Uruguay and Paraguay.
To add to the setting, the book talks about the terrain, which includes the Andes
Mountains, the plains, and the forest. The principal characters in the book are Domingo F.
Sarmiento, Juan Facundo Quiroga, a caudillo, and Argentina's dictator Juan Manuel de
Rosas. Sarmiento's main points for writing this book were to discredit the caudillos and
Rosas. Also, to show the truth about how things were in Argentina.

When taking a look at this book, a person must take a look at the society and politics of
the area to see how these things go hand in hand in Argentina. First of all,

Rosas was the presidential dictator at the time and had the reputation of a tyrant. The
Inhabitants of the land where mostly Spanish, Indian natives. Most of Argentina’s
land was filled with deserted areas due to the low population, and the fact that not many
people lived in Argentina's vast mountains and plain areas. This vast land was so large,
that most governments could not control it, and criminals could basically do, as they
wanted. Most of these criminals, gauchos, barbarians, or call them what you will overran
these plains and mountains. It was the behavior of the gauchos that mostly upset
Sarmiento. Sarmiento felt that Argentina could not progress with the gauchos in their
society. To further explain whom the gauchos were, Sarmiento uses Facundo as his example.
Facundo and Rosas are the type of people who Sarmiento is describing when he speaks of
the gaucho of Argentina. Also, Sarmiento’s view of a better Argentina includes
Democracy and freedom of ideas, something that is not being carried out by Rosas. In
contrast, Rosas is attempting to keep dictatorship. As far as the religions of Argentina,
there is not much mentioned in the book, but what is known is that many of the gauchos of
Pampas were Jewish and that Catholicism was still the strongest religion in Argentina, as
well as the rest of the New World. Economically speaking, Argentina depended very much on
its agricultural richness. Many of Argentina’s people live and worked on pastures
through out the land.

Taking a look at the Argentina culture you can is that it is diversified with the people
Continues for 3 more pages >>




  • The truman show
    the truman show The Truman show: Is life a Truman show? By saying that life is a Truman show, I’m saying that life is perfectly planned, with a structure and a fixed destiny…it may even be a lie. The Truman show is a movie in which the main character is the protagonist of a show without knowing anything. Truman is being filmed twenty four hours a day, but he doesn’t know it. Everyone he knows, are actors and are with him only because they are paid for doing so. This surely seems very different t
  • Entrepreneurial Adventure
    Entrepreneurial Adventure Entrepreneurial Adventure: The Development of Economics in The United States “Capitalism came in the first ships.” -Carl N. Degler Barit Brown United States History Saturday, March 18, 2000 4,753 words The United States was a nation of development. It was a nation of growth and of innovation. From the signing of the Declaration of Independence, to the end of World War II and so forth, complex dilemmas called for complex solutions and complex solutions called for innovat
  • Monroe Doctrine
    Monroe Doctrine Monroe Doctrine The Monroe Doctrine can be considered as the United States first major declaration to the world as a fairly new nation. The Monroe Doctrine was a statement of United States policy on the activity and rights of powers in the Western Hemisphere during the early to mid 1800s. The doctrine established the United States position in the major world affairs of the time. Around the time of the Napoleonic Wars in the 1820s, Mexico, Argentina, Chile and Colombia all gained
  • Rooselvelt
    Rooselvelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the 32nd president of the United States. Roosevelt served longer than any other president. His unprecedented election to four terms in office will probably never be repeated; the 22nd Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, passed after his death, denies the right of any person to be elected president more than twice. Roosevelt held office during two of the greatest crises ever faced by the United States: the Great De
  • The Marine Corps
    The Marine Corps The following was a submitted report for a U.S. History research paper assignment We fight our country\'s battles in the air, on land and sea. First to fight for right and freedom, and to keep our honor clean; We are proud to claim the title of United States Marine. Our flag\'s unfurled to every breeze from dawn to setting sun. We have fought in every clime and place, where we could take a gun. In the snow of far off northern lands and in sunny tropic scenes, You will find us al
  • The Transatlantic Slave
    The Transatlantic Slave Transatlantic Slave Trade From the 1520s to the 1860s an estimated 11 to 12 million African men, women, and children were forcibly embarked on European vessels for a life of slavery in the Western Hemisphere. Many more Africans were captured or purchased in the interior of the continent but a large number died before reaching the coast. About 9 to 10 million Africans survived the Atlantic crossing to be purchased by planters and traders in the New World, where they worked
  • Privatization of Airports
    Privatization of Airports For 51 years Bergstrom Air Force Base was home to fighter pilots, bombers, troop carriers and reconnaissance jets. It was the first port of call for President Lyndon B. Johnson on his trips home to LBJ Country aboard Air Force One, it was where Chuck Yeager, the first pilot to break the sound barrier, once brought a disabled jet to rest in an emergency landing. In September 1993, in the path of military cutbacks Bergstrom Air Force Base was closed. But the timing was fo
  • Sir Anton Dolin
    Sir Anton Dolin Sir Anton Dolin Dancer and choreographer Anton Dolin has been called one of the most colorful and vital figures in modern ballet. As a member of internationally known ballet companies or as director of his own troupes, this British-born artist has toured Europe and America for the past twenty years. Anton Dolin, originally Patrick Healey-Kay, was born on July 27, 1904, in Slinfold, Sussex, England. He is one of the three sons of George Henry and Helen Maude (Healey) Kay. When h
  • The Making of Evita
    The Making of Evita INTRODUCTION As I sit here at my computer, I am at a standstill trying to decide where to start. How do you condense a person into ten short pages, and still enable the reader to ‘get to know’ them. I have decided that the task is nearly impossible, even in the telling of a life that was tragically so short. Evita, as the people affectionately knew her, entered into this world with nothing and left with everything. From a poor peasant girl growing up in the pampas, to a popul
  • The Making of Evita1
    The Making of Evita1 INTRODUCTION As I sit here at my computer, I am at a standstill trying to decide where to start. How do you condense a person into ten short pages, and still enable the reader to ‘get to know’ them. I have decided that the task is nearly impossible, even in the telling of a life that was tragically so short. Evita, as the people affectionately knew her, entered into this world with nothing and left with everything. From a poor peasant girl growing up in the pampas, to a popu
  • 1984 misc 12 00
    1984 misc 12 00 Books related to Summary of Orwell\'s 1984- Summary of Orwell\'s 1984- Summary Chapter 1 and 2 We are introduced to Winston Smith the main character of the story. Works at Ministry of truth. Ministry of truth is one of four government buildings in destroyed London, the main city of Airstrip One, a province of Oceania. Year is 1984 and three contries are at war, Oceania, Eurasia and Eastasia. Oceania is run by the party whose leader is Big Brother. Winston is sick of his life in t
  • Leaves of Grass
    Leaves of Grass I attended one of the many presentations at the Book Fair in MDCC Wolfson Campus on Thursday 18, 199 at 7:30pm. This presentation was called “Art and Literature in Argentina” and it was the introduction of the new translation of “Leaves of Grass” (Hojas de Hierva). “Leaves of Grass” is a book full of inspiring poems; Walt Whitman issued the first of many editions more than 100 years ago in 1895. Many writers translated this book into many languages, especially into Spanish but it
  • Will Rogers
    Will Rogers William Penn Adair Rodgers Will Rogers shaped provided many people with laughter throughout the early 1900\'s abroad and here in the United States through his many careers he chose. Will Rogers was born on November 4, 1879 in a home his father had built near the Verdigris River bottom lands in the Cooweescoowee District of Indian Territory. His parents were Mary and Clem Rodgers. They named there first son William Penn Adair Rodgers after a distinguished Cherokee, William Penn Adair,
  • Accounting differences
    Accounting differences General Comments about the Insurance Industry Insurance Companies generate revenues by selling insurance policies. These policies provide a known amount of revenue for an unknown amount of losses offsetting that revenue. This can make the matching principle difficult. Some of the potential losses can come years after the insurance policy was written and the premiums received. The liabilities for these future losses are estimated by actuaries and are subject to a certain am
  • Brazil
    Brazil BRAZIL Introduction Brazil is the largest country in South America and the fifth largest country in the world. It represents almost half of South America. It borders every country in South America except Chile and Ecuador. Brazil’s immense size and population contribute to a variety of culture, environmental wildlife, ethnic groups, and an abundant of natural resources. History The Brazilian Indians were the first inhabitants of Brazil. Historians express that their were two to five milli
  • CocaCola
    CocaCola History "Coca-Cola enterprises Incorporated, employees 66,199 operates, 444 facilities, 47,235 vehicles, 1.9 million pieces of cold drink equipment and sold 3.8billion unit cases in 46 states in the united states, all 10 provinces of Canada and portions of Europe including Belgium, France, Great Britain, Luxembourg and the Netherlands" (Coca-Cola facts 99). An, Atlanta Pharmacist Dr. John Slyth Pemberton founded Coca-Cola on May 8, 1886. The carmel colored ingredients, Coca leaves and k
  • E Commerce In Brazil
    E Commerce In Brazil E-commerce is not just buying and selling products on the web, but it includes lawyers giving legal advice on the web, consumers buying grocery on the Internet, colleges offering online courses etc. With 170 million people and more than 10 million computers, five times the number in use 5 years ago, Brazil is the most promising Internet and e-commerce market in Latin America (Source: New York Times). Morgan Stanley Dean Witter predicted that Brazil would represent about one-
  • Globalization of Coke
    Globalization of Coke Global Influence of Coca-Cola Coca-Cola is a company that is known worldwide for its product. It is a drink that spans all ages, colors, races, and countries. The Coca-Cola Company is one that has been around for over 100 years, and has used this time to perfect its marketing strategy. The success of the company was built on many people with the great business knowledge and know-how to take a simply drink, and make it into a symbol that represents humanity. This paper will
  • Mercosur
    mercosur Introduction The Sectoral Commission for MERCOSUR (COMISEC) was created on April 1, 1991 by Executive Decree No. 176/991. It is made up of: · Government Representatives and Delegates from the Office of Planning and Budget · Chamber of Industry of Uruguay · National Chamber of Commerce · Mercantile Chamber of Uruguay · Unions (PIT/CNT) · Rural Association of Uruguay · Rural Federation of Uruguay · Agrarian Cooperatives Association · State-owned Enterprises This decree entrusts COMISEC wi
  • Miami
    Miami Miami at a Glance Known as the major international trading hub of the Americas, Greater Miami\'s business community, people, neighborhoods, schools and architecture all exhibit a cosmopolitan character. The proximity of the Caribbean, Central and South America plus superior seaport and airport capabilities provide this area with a distinct advantage as a global trading center. Long acclaimed for its physical beauty and advantageous climate, Greater Miami also continues as a prime tourist d
  • Privatization
    privatization Privatization What is Privatization? Privatization is the process of transferring productive operations and assets from the public sector to the private sector. Broadly defined in this fashion, privatization is much more than selling an enterprise to the highest bidder, as it includes contracting out, leasing, private sector financing of infrastructure projects, liquidation, mass privatization, etc. My testimony will argue that there is no single "best" approach to privatization; t
  • Wal Mart Turnaroud
    Wal Mart Turnaroud Sam Walton, a leader with an innovative vision, started his own company and made it into the leader in discount retailing that it is today. Through his savvy, and sometimes unusual, business practices, he and his associates led the company forward for thirty years. Today, four years after his death, the company is still growing steadily. Wal-Mart executives continue to rely on many of the traditional goals and philosophies that Sam\'s legacy left behind, while simultaneously k
  • Argentina
    Argentina I. INTRODUCTION Argentina lives in a democracy since 1986. Before this year lived it under a military regime. In the nineties under the presidency of Menem the country experienced a great increase in the liberalization of trade. Argentina has a free market economic system. Due to the recent privatization program, the State now has a very limited role in the economy. According to the Competitiveness Report of the World Economic Forum Argentina is classified as one of the most open, leas
  • EMERGING MARKETS
    EMERGING MARKETS Abstract: Focuses on the United States government\'s policy on the Big Emerging Markets (BEM), which include the Chinese Economic Area, South Korea, Indonesia, India, South Africa, Poland, Turkey, Mexico, Brazil and Argentina. BEMs\' investment on infrastructure projects; BEM\'s share of global gross domestic product; Projected increases in world imports; Lessons learned from the BEM strategy. THE BIG EMERGING MARKETS During his tenure as Under Secretary of Commerce, the author
  • None Provided
    None Provided Abstract Sam Walton, a leader with an innovative vision, started his own company and made it into the leader in discount retailing that it is today. Through his savvy, and sometimes unusual, business practices, he and his associates led the company forward for thirty years. Today, four years after his death, the company is still growing steadily. Wal-Mart executives continue to rely on many of the traditional goals and philosophies that Sam\'s legacy left behind, while simultaneous
  • Martin Bormann
    Martin Bormann On the night of October 15, 1946, ten of the twelve major war criminals, condemned to death at the Nuremberg trials, were executed. Of the two who eluded the hangman, one was ReichMarshal Hermann Goring, who committed suicide by swallowing a lethal vial of cyanide two hours before his execution. The other man was Reichsleiter Martin Bormann, who had managed to gain an enormous amount of power within the Nazi Party. He was virtually unknown outside of the Party elite as he had work
  • Argentina
    Argentina For my case study on demographic transition I’ve chosen the well-known country of Argentina, which is located in South America. I decided to conduct my study from 1936 to 1960. For this 25-year period I found all the statistical data which I need to actually complete population growth analysis. In the demographic transition model of Argentina we can see that the crude birth rate (CBR) is almost always double or higher then the crude death rate (CDR). This allows the natural rate of inc
  • Chile
    Chile Chile The first European to visit what is now Chile was the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan, who landed at Chiloé Island following his voyage, in 1520, through the strait that now bears his name. The region was then known to its native population as Tchili, a Native American word meaning "snow." At the same time of Magellan\'s visit, most of Chile south of the Rapel River was dominated by the Araucanians, a Native American tribe remarkable for its fighting ability. The tribes occupy
  • Nafta
    Nafta Introduction Summary In January 1994, the United States, Mexico, and Canada implemented the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The goal of NAFTA is to create better trading conditions through tariff reduction, removal of investment barriers, and improvement of intellectual property protection. NAFTA continues to gradually reduce tariffs on set dates and aims to eliminate all tariffs by the year 2004. Before NAFTA was established, investing in Mexico was a difficult process. Inves
  • Argentina
    Argentina Chris Tudor Spanish 1 Report 12-14-99 Argentina Argentina is second largest in area and fourth largest in population in Latin America. Argentina covers more than 1 million square miles. The official language of Argentina is Spanish. More than 90% of the population is Roman Catholic. Land The Argentine landscape slopes downward from the Andes Mountains in the west to the Atlantic coast in the East. The border with Chile follows the crest of the Andes. In the Andes, heights of peaks rang
  • Argentinas Dirty War
    Argentinas Dirty War Argentina\'s Dirty War Between 1976 and 1983, under military rule, thousands of people in Argentina were arrested and then vanished without a trace. This campaign became known to Argentina and abroad as the "Dirty War". Seized by force against their will, the victims no longer existed as citizens. Nobody knew who exactly were responsible for their abductions or even why they had been abducted. Under a policy called the "Process of National Reorganization", successive juntas
  • Denial as a Method of Dealing With Political Viole
    Denial as a Method of Dealing With Political Violence Denial as a Method of Dealing With Political Violence Allyson Runfola Latin American Civilization April 11, 2000 People chose every day, in a myriad of ways, between denial and self-knowledge. Most of the time this choice is innocuous. A parent may believe their obviously lying child rather than accept the emotional distress that comes with be lied to. The body politic may believe an unscrupulous politician rather than to get out and work for
  • Evita
    evita Eva Duarte de Perón Eva Duarte de Perón, better know as Evita, was born in 1919. Evita went on to become a powerful Argentine political leader. She was the wife of Juan Perón, whom she married in 1945; she virtually co-governed the country during his first six years as president. A minor actress before she met Perón, Evita, became active in politics and helped organize the mass demonstration of workers that secured his release in October of 1945 from prison. After Perón became president, s
  • Holocaust1
    Holocaust1 The Holocaust is likely one of the most misunderstood historical events of modern times. There are those that underestimate the extent of world knowledge about the German atrocities. There are also those whom are ignorant of the way in which the Jews reacted to their situation. The incredible extent of incorrect information about the Holocaust which people have been taught is a severe problem that must be corrected immediately. The only solution is the education of the masses. It is i
  • Holocaust1
    Holocaust1 The Holocaust is likely one of the most misunderstood historical events of modern times. There are those that underestimate the extent of world knowledge about the German atrocities. There are also those whom are ignorant of the way in which the Jews reacted to their situation. The incredible extent of incorrect information about the Holocaust which people have been taught is a severe problem that must be corrected immediately. The only solution is the education of the masses. It is i
  • Italys economic struggles
    Italys economic struggles Italy’s Economic Struggles In the time period between 1700 to 1900 Italy’s economic situation was greatly effected by it’s disunity and it’s distribution among the many countries of Europe. Previous to 1860, Italy was not united, it was divided into separate city-states, or controlled by a foreign power. One of these being Spain, who had undergone a disastrous decline in it’s economy, leading to a decrease in Italy’s as well. In 1815, with the Congress of Vienna, Italy
  • Maya
    Maya Motorola SM56 PCI Modem Build 80.5 November 12, 1999 Revision History Log This file lists the main functional enhancements, additions, bug fixes, and known incompatibilities for the SM56 PCI Modem. Known Bugs and Incompatibilities 3Com Network Interface Card (NIC) Interrupt Sharing Problem After investigating a periodic (approx. once every 8 seconds) desktop freeze (no mouse response for a second or so) we found that the offending device was actually 3Com\'s 3C905B-TX NIC. This NIC/driver h
  • Oskar Shindler
    Oskar Shindler Schindler, Oskar (1908-74), German businessman whose fame rests on his remarkable rescue of more than 1,000 Jews during the Nazi Holocaust. Oskar Schindler was born in the Sudetenland, Czechoslovakia. He moved to Poland in 1930 and made a fortune in Kraków. He saved 1,200 Polish Jews from the Nazi death camps by employing them at a munitions factory he opened using Jewish labor. The factory had been a bankrupt manufacturer of enamelware when Schindler bought it and used it to fill
  • Plowing Up New Soil with World Agriculture
    Plowing Up New Soil with World Agriculture Plowing Up New Soil with World Agriculture Since agriculture began to be developed nearly 10,000 years ago, people throughout the world have discovered the food value of wild plants and animals, and domesticated and bred them (Early Civilization). Today, people go to the market or grocery store to pick up cereal, rice, bread, meat, fruit, vegetables, and olives. People hardly ever think of where the food generally comes from. Most of the food that is fo
  • Sail Study Help only
    Sail Study Help only On the voyage of the Beagle (1831-1836) Darwin collected and described thousands of animals and plants. In South America he observed the adaptations of organisms to a variety of habitat from jungle to grassland to mountain habitats. In the temperate regions the species resembled more closely the species of the tropical regions of South America rather than the corresponding species of the temperate regions of Europe. For example, in the grasslands of Argentina there are no ra
  • The Grapes of Wrath
    The Grapes of Wrath Subsidies are payments, economic concessions, or privileges given by the government to favor businesses or consumers. In the 1930s, subsidies were designed to favor agriculture. John Steinbeck expressed his dislike of the farm subsidy system of the United States in his book, The Grapes of Wrath. In that book, the government gave money to farms so that they would grow and sell a certain amount of crops. As a result, Steinbeck argued, many people starved unnecessarily. Steinbec
  • The Grapes of Wrath
    The Grapes of Wrath Subsidies are payments, economic concessions, or privileges given by the government to favor businesses or consumers. In the 1930s, subsidies were designed to favor agriculture. John Steinbeck expressed his dislike of the farm subsidy system of the United States in his book, The Grapes of Wrath. In that book, the government gave money to farms so that they would grow and sell a certain amount of crops. As a result, Steinbeck argued, many people starved unnecessarily. Steinbec
  • TThe Holocaust Misconception
    TThe Holocaust Misconception The Holocaust MisconceptionThe Holocaust is likely one of the most misunderstood historical events of modern times. There are those that underestimate the extent of world knowledge about the German atrocities. There are also those who are ignorant of the way in which the Jews reacted to their situation. There is an incredible extent of incorrect information about the Holocaust which people have been taught or made to beleive. It is imperative that modern society full
  • United Nations
    United Nations The United Nations 1. As far as peace keeping methods go, the reputation of the United Nations is very pitiable. This is not only because they have not been doing their job to it’s fullest extent, but also because the member states on the security council haven’t given the UN the power it needs if it is to be a successful force in peace keeping methods. 2. The United Nation idea was first brought to head during World War II, when 26 nations of the world pledged to work together as
  • US Intervention In Mexico
    US Intervention In Mexico Moralistic diplomacy, disapproved on several aspects of the Mexican system, leading to U.S to intervention in Mexico. The U.S Should not have intervened, for the sake of both nations. America should have kept hands off. Throughout the Wilsonian administration, distasteful American diplomatic proceedings with Mexico led to unavoidable predicaments with the Mexican nation. Wilson insisted that American diplomacy should be guided by moral percepts, free from any taint of s
  • Was Hitlers Body Ever Identified
    Was Hitlers Body Ever Identified Was Hitlers body ever identified? Everyone gets a good kick out of magazines like the National Enquirer and Globe because everything written in them is a lie. One commonly written headline in those magazines is Elvis has been spotted, or Elvis lives, he never really was dead!! These are the things written about today. However, about fifty years ago there was something similar going on, although it wasnt about Elvis, it was about sightings of Adolph Hitler.
  • Will Rogers
    Will Rogers William Penn Adair Rodgers Will Rogers shaped provided many people with laughter throughout the early 1900\'s abroad and here in the United States through his many careers he chose. Will Rogers was born on November 4, 1879 in a home his father had built near the Verdigris River bottom lands in the Cooweescoowee District of Indian Territory. His parents were Mary and Clem Rodgers. They named there first son William Penn Adair Rodgers after a distinguished Cherokee, William Penn Adair,
  • WWII5
    WWII5 Pursuant to the agreement signed by China and the UK on 19 December 1984, Hong Kong became the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China on 1 July 1997. Under the terms of this agreement, China has promised that under its "one country, two systems" formula its socialist economic system will not be practiced in Hong Kong, and that Hong Kong shall enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs. Location: Eastern Asia, bordering the South China
  • Colgate in Argentina
    Colgate in Argentina Introduction Colgate was founded in the United States in 1806 and for the first 100 years, its business focus was only there. However, in the very early 1900\'s, the Company began a very aggressive expansion program that led to the establishment of Colgate operations throughout the world. Today, Colgate-Palmolive is a billion company, marketing its products in over 200 countries and territories under such internationally recognized brand names as Colgate, Palmolive, Ajax,
  • Marketing Mix of PepsiCloa
    Marketing Mix of PepsiCloa AN OVER VIEW OF THE BEVERAGE INDUSTRIES Contributing to this industrial revolution among other industries were Manufacturing, Agricultural, Automotive, Chemical, Hotel, Banking Business Services, Real estate, Tourism and information Technology to name a few. But on such industry that has been holding onto its share of the market since its inception note in the USA - its birthplace - but all across the globe as well as the Beverage Industry. It has introduced icons that