Paper on Ferdinand Magellan

This essay has a total of 1065 words and 4 pages.

Ferdinand Magellan

Ferdinand Magellan was born in 1480, in a stone farm house in Portugal. His father's name
was Dom Ruy Magellan, and his mother's name was Donha Alda De Mesquite. His father was a
Portuguese nobleman and owned a large amount of land. He was also a sheriff, an honorary
position awarded for distinguished service to the crown.Ferdinand's brother was named
Diago De Sousa, a name he took from his wealthy grandmother, his sister was named Isabel
Magellan. His family seemed to care about each other and respected one another. His family
owned cows, sheep, hogs, and goats and fields of wheat, rye, corn and vineyards full of
grapes. Ferdinand and his brother and sister had to help the tenants (people that rented
and farmed the land), raise the animals and harvest the crops. Ferdinand went to school at
a monastery. Both his parents died when Ferdinand was only ten years old. At the age of
twelve, he was sent to live at the court of Queen Leonora and John II of Portugal. His
older brother, Diago, had gone to court two years earlier. His cousin, named Francisco
Serrano also twelve years old, came at the same time as Ferdinand did. At court Ferdinand
learned music, dance, horsemanship and how to handle weapons, in addition to academic
subjects such as reading, writing and religion. Also he learned algebra, geometry,
astronomy and navigation. After he had worked at court for a few years, he started
checking the supplies for the ships going to India. This was work for the India House, run
by the monarchy. India house was the agency for overseas trade. Magellan heard reports of
new discoveries brought back by returning ships. It was here that Magellan learned
practical aspects of navigation from the sailors and by helping outfit the ships he
learned about rigging, repairing, armaments and supplies.In 1495, John II died, and his
brother-in-law, Duke Manuel became king. Duke Manuel did not like Ferdinand, so even
though Ferdinand wanted to sail, it was not until 1505 that he finally got his chance. In
1505 Magellan sailed to India under the leadership of Captain General Almeida, and set up
Naval Bases along the way. They set their first base up at Kilwa, and the chief there had
promised to be nice to sailors coming through, and said each time sailors came through, he
promised to give some gold to the King of Portugal. However he broke the promise, so the
Captain General sent 500 sailors to take over the village of over 1,200 people. The
sailors climbed the wall surrounding the village, and fought their way to the palace. The
chief fled and a new leader was put in his place. This was Magellan's first battle for his
country.Then the Portuguese took over trading posts and sailors guarded them for almost
two years. By early 1509, the Portuguese had control of several trading posts.A few years
later, after he had gotten his command for a ship, he secretly sailed eastward without
permission, and his command was taken from him and he returned home. Once home, he
expected a high place, and good pay, because he had done a lot of good service for his
country. However, he was given a lowly place, not much better than when he was a boy, and
lowly pay. When Magellan went to the king to ask for a higher place in the king's court,
the king said no, and when Magellan asked if the king cared if he went into the service of
another king, the king said he didn't care where Magellan went, or what he did. When
Magellan knelt down to kiss the king's ring, the king turned his back on Magellan.In 1517,
he left Portugal, and he went to Spain. Soon after he arrived in Spain, he married a lady
named Beatriz, who was a Spanish cousin of his friend named Duarte Barbosa.Magellan was
certain that he could find the Spice Islands by sailing west, and in 1508 he asked King
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