Francisco Franco Paper

This essay has a total of 900 words and 5 pages.

Francisco Franco

Francisco Franco

Francisco Franco was the dictator of Spain from 1939 to 1975, including the time of WW2.
Perhaps he was better known as "El Caudillo," translated into English as The Leader. He
was born and raised in Spain. He was a very brilliant military general who led Nationalist
rebels in defeating the Spanish government during the Spanish Civil War. Although he was
viewed as a Fascist Dictator, he strongly opposed communism. He was an extremely important
figure in the course of world history.

Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teodulo Franco Bahamonde, Francisco Franco as he was known,
was born on December 4, 1892 at the coastal city of El Ferrel in the region known as
Galicia in Northwestern Spain. He was close to his mother during his childhood. His
father, older brother, and the four generations before him were naval officers. However,
the Naval Academy was full so Franco went into the Army. He enrolled into Infantry Academy
at Toledo when he was 14 and graduated three years later.

Franco quickly climbed the ranks of the Spanish Army. He gained a reputation of being a
disciplined, honest, and dedicated soldier who was strictly professional. He was promoted
to first lieutenant of an elite regiment when he was only 20 years old. He became the
youngest captain in the Spanish Army in 1915 at the unprecedented age of 22. He then
became second in command to General Jose Millan Astray of the Spanish Foreign Legion in
1920, and was in full command in 1923. In 1926, Franco was promoted to brigadier general
at the age of 33. In 1928 he was named director of General Military Academy at Zaragoza.
He was recognized as a national hero.

Franco was engaged in 1917. His fiancee was Carmen Polo. Their marriage was delayed,
however, because Franco was called back into active duty in Morocco. They would have one
daughter, Carmen, together in 1928.

The Spanish Monarchy fell in 1931 and the new government was strongly opposed to the
military. The General Military Academy was broken up and Franco was placed on the inactive
list. He was restored to active duty in 1933 and in 1934 was promoted to major general.
Franco's tactical genius shined once again when he was called upon to crush a small band
of rebels in October of 1934. After this, he was promoted to chief of the Spanish Army's
general staff. After this promotion, Franco started to strengthen the military, as the
military was weakened by the antimilitary policy of the Spanish Republic.

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