Frank Lloyd Wright Essay

This essay has a total of 748 words and 4 pages.

Frank Lloyd Wright

Frank Lloyd Wright was born as Frank Lincoln Wright on June 8, 1867. He was born in
Richland Center, which is in southern Wisconsin. His father, William Carey Wright, was a
musician and a preacher. His mother, Anna Lloyd-Jones was a teacher. It is said that his
mother placed pictures of great buildings in young Frank’s nursery as part of training him
up from the earliest possible moment to be an architect. Wright spent some time growing
up on a farm owned by his uncle, which was located near spring Green, Wisconsin. He was
of Welch heritage, and was brought up in the Unitarian Religion.

Wright briefly studied civil engineering at the university of Wisconsin in Madison, and
then moved to Chicago to work at an architectural firm. In 1887, he was hired as a
draftsman by the firm of Alder and Sullivan. At the time, the firm was designing
Chicago’s Auditorium Building. Wright eventually became the head draftsman, as well as
the leader of the firm’s residential designs. After obtaining these responsibilities,
Wright began to design and apply his own architectural ideas. In 1889, he married his
first wife, Catherine Tobin. He also began designing houses, which was against his firms
policy because they were required to follow the designs sent to them, not make their own.
When his boss discovered this, Frank was fired. His house designs, however, were
incredible. They showed the start of Wright’s low, sheltering rooflines, the prominence
of the central fireplace, and intricate geometric designs on both doors and windows.

Wright started his own firm in 1893, working out of a studio that was built in onto his
home in Oak Park, a suburb of Chicago. Between 1893 and 1901, 49 buildings by Wright were
built. During this period he began to develop his ideas, which would come together in his
“Prairie House” concept. Into 1909, he developed and refined the prairie style, and
founded this concept in architecture, and his art of this early productive period in his
life is also considered as part of the arts and crafts movement, because many of his
designs not only had plans for the structure of the house, but ideas of decorating the
interior as well.

This very productive phase in Wrights career ended in 1909, when he left his wife and five
children to go to Germany. He was joined there by Mamah Borthwick Cheney, the wife of a
former client and now his girlfriend. From 1912 to 1914, Wright and Cheney lived together
at Taliesin, a home he designed near his uncle’s farm in Spring Green, Wisconsin. This
ended when a crazed servant murdered Chaney and six others, also setting a fire that
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