Gambia Essay

This essay has a total of 961 words and 3 pages.


HISTORY:The Gambia, translated from the French La Gambia was first colonized by Portugal
in 1445 on what was later named St. Mary's Island. Subsequently, the area was visited by
France and later, Britain who began to build strong trading posts along it's western
shores. In the 1700's The Gambia was proclaimed to be part of Britain. By 1969 The Gambia
became a republic within the British commonwealth of nations. In 1982 it was declared a
republic in what was later declared the Senegambian conference. The Gambia stated its
independence from Britain and the Province of Senegal. The Gambia then established The
People's Progressive Party led by, Sir Dawda Kairaba Jawara , until the change of
government in 1994. Today The Gambia lives under a multi-party system. The Constitution of
the Second Republic of The Gambia provides elections by making everyone over the age of 18
pay suffrage. Every five years the people elect 45 candidates that make up the county's
National Assembly.Four parties made up the 1996 elections. The Alliance for Patriotic
Re-Orientation and Construction (APRC), The United Democratic Party (UDP), The National
Reconciliation Party (NRP), and The People's Democratic Organization for Independence and
Socialism (PDOIS). On October 18, 1996 Yahya Jammeh (ADRC) won 56% of the votes to become
the new president of The Gambia. The flag consist of three horizontal stripes. From top to
bottom they are: red, blue, then green. Sorry I couldn't get a color print on the flag
pictured below.TOPOGRAPHY:The Gambia is a long narrow country focusing around the central
river that gave them their name. The Gambia river is 300 miles long inside The Gambia and
is about 3 miles wide at most points. The Gambia has a total land area of 4,000 miles. It
is relatively flat with few mountains and has an inward sloping bowl shape from where the
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