Gastric exclusion Essay

This essay has a total of 617 words and 4 pages.


gastric exclusion





Gastric Exclusion Operations

Over thirty percent of the US population is currently obese. A scary
statistic. Contrary to popular belief, obesity is not a psychological, nor an
eating disorder. Obesity is a hereditary disease, that can not be "treated" by
Jenny Craig, or Weight Watchers. Surgery for obesity should not be
considered only as a last resort. Right now surgery is the only effective
treatment for obesity.
One type of surgical treatment is gastric exclusion. There are four
questions that will help someone decide if this surgery is right for them. Are
you 100 or more pounds overweight? Have you tried many times to lose
weight, including diets, exercise and behavior modification with the only loss
being a lot of money? Is your health being affected by your weight? Has your
doctor recommended that you lose weight? If any one of these answers is yes,
then surgical weight loss may be right for you.
Gastric exclusion is exactly what it sounds like the stomach is
excluded from the digestion process. The top portion of the stomach is
divided, which creates a small pouch and decreases the amount that the
stomach can hold. The small intestine is then connected to the pouch which
lets food pass trough the digestive system while lessening the calorie intake.
Because the stomach can hold less the person feels full sooner and longer.
This surgery also helps lose weight, because it makes it nauseating to eat
refined sugars.
There are few complications resulting from this surgery. The most
serious one is pulmonary embolus, and only one out of every one thousand
patients are affected by it. Pulmonary embolus is when a blot clot forms in
the lower abdomen or leg, and breaks off into the lungs. This can be fatal, but
is very rare. The most frequent complications are post-operative pneumonia,
hernia formation and wound infection. Only five percent of patients develop
post-operative pneumonia, more frequent in smokers. Wound infection and
hernia formation only affect four percent of the patients.
This surgery, like all others, can have some side effects. About thirty
percent of gastric exclusion patients develop gallstones. If gallbladder disease
is found before or during the operation, it will be removed. If the gallbladder
is not removed, and gallstones form, it will be removed through lapaeroscopic
surgery.
Following the surgery the patient should only drink liquids and
gradually build up to soft solids. Depending how severe the surgery was, the
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