Genesis And Theogony... Plagiarism? Essay

This essay has a total of 1521 words and 6 pages.

Genesis And Theogony... Plagiarism?

Genesis and Theogony…Plagiarism?

The Book of Genesis is a compilation, and like every compilation it has a wide variety of
contributors who, in turn, have their individual influence upon the final work. It is no
surprise, then, that there exist certain parallels between the Theogony, the cosmogony of
the early Greeks, and the Book of Genesis, the first part of the Pentateuch section of the
Bible. In fact, arguments may be made that the extent of this 'borrowing', as it were, is
not limited to Genesis; the Theogony has its own roots in Greek mythology, predating the
Book of Genesis by a thousand years. A superficial examination of this evidence would
erroneously lead one to believe that Genesis is somewhat a collection of older mythology
re-written specifically for the Semites. In fact, what develops is that the writers have
addressed each myth as a separate issue, and what the writers say is that their God
surpasses every other. Each myth or text that has a counterpart in Genesis only serves to
further an important idea among the Hebrews: there is but one God, and He is omnipotent,
omniscient, and other-worldly; He is not of this world, but outside it, apart from it. The
idea of a monotheistic religion is first evinced in recorded history with Judaism, and it
is vital to see that instead of being an example of plagiarism, the Book of Genesis is a
meticulously composed document that will set apart the Hebrew God from the others before,
and after.


If we trace back to the first appearance of Genesis in written form, in its earliest
translation, we arrive at 444 B.C.; In order to fully comprehend the origin of the story
we must venture further back in time. We can begin with the father of the Hebrew people,
Abraham. We can deduce when he lived, and find that he lived around 1900 B.C. in ancient
Mesopotamia. If we examine his world and its culture, we may find the reasons behind
certain references in Genesis, and the mythologies of Theogony they resemble.


Abraham lived during a time of great prosperity and a remarkably advanced culture. Homes
were comfortable, even luxurious. We can also deduce that it was a relatively stable and
peaceful society; its art is characterized by the absence of any warlike activity,
paintings or sculptures. Outside the cities the early nomadic tribes of Israel were,
"taking with them the early traditions, and in varying latitudes modified them" according
to the current external influences. The message remained constant, but the context would
subtly change. There were tribes of Israel in Egypt during the Egyptian Middle Kingdom
period, which certainly exposed these people to Egyptian culture as well as Babylonian
culture as a result of trade between the two kingdoms. Having placed Abraham and certain
early Semites in this time, we now understand the culture they knew and the impact it had
on the creation of Genesis.


The book of Genesis is about the beginnings of creation and life on earth. It begins with
"nothingness" and in the first seven days following God creates the heavens and the earth,
light and darkness, the seas, plant life, then came the sun and the moon, the fowls and
the creatures who roam the lands, followed by humankind to finish it all off. Comparing
the creation aspects of Genesis to Theogony, we see that the earth was again created out
of "nothingness" known as Chaos. Chaos, instead of creating everything on earth, created
several other godly beings to create the earth as it is today. Therefore, it can be
deduced that the stories of Genesis we derived from the stories of the gods and goddesses
of Theogony. Another similarity the stories possess is in the identity and condemnation of
women as evil. In Theogony women were created to be an evil placed upon the earth to cause
suffering for men because Iapetos, a mischievous god, stole fire from Zeus and presented
it to man. In retaliation, Zeus had his lame smith mold the shape of a "modest maiden"
(572). The figure was then clothed by Athena and was placed upon the earth as a "tempting
snare from which men cannot escape" (590). This description in particular presents women
as just a trap to which no man can escape. The presentation of evil by woman in Genesis
comes when Eve takes a bite of the apple from the tree of knowledge. When she takes from
the tree she offers it to Adam who takes his share. The woman is presented as evil in
Genesis through the fact that it was she who took the first bite of temptation from the
tree. Both Theogony and Genesis present women as the condemned evil placed upon the earth
to plague men.


On the opposing side of the issue, it is said that God's word alone is sufficient to
Continues for 3 more pages >>




  • Aztec Culture
    Aztec Culture Aztec Nation By: DJ XTC The Aztec Nation A distant sound is heard. It sounds like a deep drum being hit with a heavy instrument. You hear it again and strain your eyes in the direction of the sound. All around you is dense jungle. Snakes slither between your legs. You hear the sound once again. In front of you is a dense stand of ferns. You part them and look down into a wide open valley. The valley gets so wide and it is so green that it takes your breath away. But that is not wha
  • Aztec Culture1
    Aztec Culture1 Aztec Nation By: DJ XTC The Aztec Nation A distant sound is heard. It sounds like a deep drum being hit with a heavy instrument. You hear it again and strain your eyes in the direction of the sound. All around you is dense jungle. Snakes slither between your legs. You hear the sound once again. In front of you is a dense stand of ferns. You part them and look down into a wide open valley. The valley gets so wide and it is so green that it takes your breath away. But that is not wh
  • Colonialism
    Colonialism The Tiger and The Virgin Colonialism has often spread to areas where it is economically valuable for the colonizer to develop. South America was one of these places. First came the Spanish for gold, then for rubber. As colonization took place two cultures met, thinking they were opposites, but in reality they were very much connected to one another, their histories were now tied together. In considering the question of how Indians have developed their healing practices and spiritual
  • The Aztecs A case study
    The Aztecs A case study The Aztecs are an ancient culture that had many customs and rituals that by modern standards are considered barbaric. Their culture was made up of different social classes, and was primitive yet very advanced. They were located in the mainland of Mexico, and their empire was quite vast over that area. Their culture began around 1100, and ended around 1520. The exact numbers of the Aztecs is not known due to the age of their culture, but judging by the size of their empire
  • Bansonyi
    Bansonyi Sharon Matute October 24, 1999 Art 100 – 007 Professor Sax Art can be used to study the progression of a civilization through time. Art is usually used to express one’s beliefs religiously, politically, and sometimes as a source of communication, which is accomplished through imagery. Symbols in works of art can be related to nature and myths.1 From the beginning of Chinese history, art and philosophy worked hand-in-hand with the creation of a work of art. Chinese art was used as eviden
  • Nine elders of Huichang
    Nine elders of Huichang Sharon Matute October 24, 1999 Art 100  007 Professor Sax Art can be used to study the progression of a civilization through time. Art is usually used to express ones beliefs religiously, politically, and sometimes as a source of communication, which is accomplished through imagery. Symbols in works of art can be related to nature and myths.1 From the beginning of Chinese history, art and philosophy worked hand-in-hand with the creation of a work of art. Chinese art was
  • Life of picasso
    life of picasso Art represents beauty. It represents the soul and spirit of the artist. It\'s a form of communication that the artist can use as a substitution for words. Art has flourished the world for thousands of years and it has no intentions on stopping. One of "the most important figure\'s in modern art" (Selfridge, 15) is a man by the name of Pablo Picasso. He has taken the world into many places and has enabled us to see many abstract creations through his artwork alone. (Selfridge, 20)
  • Tolkien Historian of Middleearth
    Tolkien Historian of Middleearth John Ronald Reuel Tolkien is remembered for his imaginative writings and the lasting creation of Middle-earth world. However, he was also a great scholar and linguist, holding the position of the Rawlingson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon at Oxford University. His writings owe much of its power to his ocean of knowledge about European languages and a deep understanding and appreciation of the art of storytelling and myths. His books have been translated int
  • Analysis of the Hounds of Tindalos
    Analysis of the Hounds of Tindalos Textual Analysis The Hounds of Tindalos The Hounds of Tindalos is a short science fiction story containing many and varied elements that have been long associated with the genre of science fiction. This essay will identify these elements, examining their placement within this short text and also the interchange of these elements with the characteristics of other genres, more specifically, horror. Belknap Long, the author, was clearly intent of incorporating the
  • The slaughter house five
    The slaughter house five THE NOVEL - THE PLOT - Billy Pilgrim, like Kurt Vonnegut, was an American soldier in Europe in the last year of World War II. If you come to know a combat veteran well- a veteran of that war, of the Korean War, or of the war in Vietnam- you will almost always find that his war experience was the single most important event in his life. The sights and scars of war remain with the soldier for the rest of his days, and his memories of death and killing help to shape whateve
  • Computer underground
    computer underground The Computer Underground. The beginning of the electronic communication revolution that started with the public use of telephones to the emergence of home computers has been accompanied by corresponding social problems involving the activities of so-called "computer hackers," or better referred to as the computer underground (CU). The CU is composed of computer aficionados who stay on the fringes of legality. The CU is composed of relatively intelligent people, in contrast t
  • None Provided2
    None Provided2 Humans have within their grasp the ability and technology to create life. Many believe that this knowledge will lead to further degradation of the human spirit. But others, like Prometheus and his gift of fire, believe that new technology is the key to a new, and better, reality. Genetic engineering and, specifically, cloning, of human life has become an issue of extreme gravity in the age of technology where anything may be dreamed and many things are possible. Cloning is a reali
  • Education
    education Both entertainment and education have been integrals parts of the human experience since the beginnings of time. Many scholars insist that the two institutions often serve jointly, with entertainers and entertainment serving as a main source of education. There is little argument, then, that in addition to generally appealing to the masses, entertainers have regularly fulfilled the role of a teacher to typically unsuspecting audiences. Entertainers have served as educators throughout h
  • Inclusion
    Inclusion Within the past decades and a half considerable discussion has occurred regarding the most appropriate setting within which to provide education for students in special education. Although the change in the educational environment is significant for handicapped student the concepts of inclusion also bring up new issues for the regular education classroom teachers. The movement toward full inclusion of special education students in general education setting has brought special education
  • Inclusion
    Inclusion Within the past decades and a half considerable discussion has occurred regarding the most appropriate setting within which to provide education for students in special education. Although the change in the educational environment is significant for handicapped student the concepts of inclusion also bring up new issues for the regular education classroom teachers. The movement toward full inclusion of special education students in general education setting has brought special education
  • Inclusion
    Inclusion Within the past decades and a half considerable discussion has occurred regarding the most appropriate setting within which to provide education for students in special education. Although the change in the educational environment is significant for handicapped student the concepts of inclusion also bring up new issues for the regular education classroom teachers. The movement toward full inclusion of special education students in general education setting has brought special education
  • Role of Entertainers as Educators
    Role of Entertainers as Educators Both entertainment and education have been integrals parts of the human experience since the beginnings of time. Many scholars insist that the two institutions often serve jointly, with entertainers and entertainment serving as a main source of education. There is little argument, then, that in addition to generally appealing to the masses, entertainers have regularly fulfilled the role of a teacher to typically unsuspecting audiences. Entertainers have served a
  • Role of Entertainers as Educators1
    Role of Entertainers as Educators1 Both entertainment and education have been integrals parts of the human experience since the beginnings of time. Many scholars insist that the two institutions often serve jointly, with entertainers and entertainment serving as a main source of education. There is little argument, then, that in addition to generally appealing to the masses, entertainers have regularly fulfilled the role of a teacher to typically unsuspecting audiences. Entertainers have served
  • Teaching1
    Teaching1 Culturally Responsive Teaching focuses on how to educate under achieve diverse student of color, and how our children can receive a better education. The author states,” We must insist that this empowerment stop now and set into motion, change strategies to ensure that it does.” Teachers can change the life of his/her students that are underachievers. She can find ways to show that she cares that will empower them to want to learn. They should never compare an achiever to an underachie
  • Creation Science as a Pseudoscience
    Creation Science as a Pseudoscience In every civilization throughout history, man has searched for the explanation to his existence. In ancient society’s people created origin myths. Every civilization had a unique myth. Some myths involved gods and others involved nature. Sometime around one thousand B.C. the longest standing creation myth was popularized. This creation myth is still in practice today, almost three thousand years later. The myth I am referring to is the Genesis recollection in
  • Deifination essay
    Deifination essay Definition Essay The origin of the word myth seems to be a myth in itself. Myths have generally originated from a Greek history that used an oral tradition to explain events that occurred before the written word. Often supernatural beings or fictitious characters were used to explain popular ideas concerning phenomena\'s of nature or the history of people. The myths that were carried on from generation to generation were often very imaginative in an attempt to spark the interes
  • Frankenstein A model of English Romanticism
    Frankenstein A model of English Romanticism Frankenstein: A Model of English Romanticism The literary world embraced English romanticism when it began to emerge and was so taken by its elements that it is still a beloved experience for the reader of today. Romanticism “has crossed all social boundaries,” and it was during the seventeenth and eighteenth century, it found its way into almost every niche in the literary world (Lowy 76). From the beginning of its actuality, “romanticism has forged i
  • In Support of Human Cloning
    In Support of Human Cloning Human cloning is inevitable. As part of the progress of science, human cloning will take place regardless of who opposes it. In this paper I will explain what human cloning is, some of the ethical and moral objections to it, some medical benefits it could serve, what many different religions think of cloning humans, and ultimately why I feel that this would be beneficial to our society. In order to understand the objections and the potential of human cloning, one must
  • Ancient Egyptian
    Ancient Egyptian Ancient Egyptian Egyptian creation stories tell of several variations of how the world was composed. According to one variation, the ocean was the only thing in existence. Then the sun, Ra, came out of an egg (or a flower in some versions) that appeared on the surface of the water. Ra created four children. They were the gods Shu and Geb and the goddesses Tefnut and Nut. Shu and Tefnut became the air, who stood on Geb, the earth, and held up Nut, who became the sky. Ra ruled ove
  • Egyptian Gods
    Egyptian Gods Egyptian Gods The earliest tribal gods may have been fetishes connected with nomadic hunting or warrior people. Their gods became local god and were associated with agriculture. One of the commonest of the tribal fetishes was the falcon, which later became identified with the sky, maybe because the falcon was able to fly so high. Horus, was the most powerful of the falcon-deities, his people probably came from Libya and conquered large parts of Upper and Lower Egypt. At an early pe
  • Hitlers Rise To Power
    Hitlers Rise To Power Hitler’s Rise To Power Who or what was responsible for Hitler’s rise to power? Many believe that there was only one factor for his rise to power. Some state that Hitler could not have risen to power in any other than Germany, implying that he was nothing more than a product of German culture. Others say that Hitler made himself dictator by means of his political genius. And yet still others claim that it was the weak democratic government of the Weimar Republic or Germany’s
  • None Provided17
    None Provided17 “In the formative era of Chinese civilization as early as the first millennium b.c. the Chinese thought of the world as all the regions of the heavens, and within the “four seas.” They called it Tianxia, which literally means “under heaven.” Because this was a universal term, with an undertanding of the inhabited world known to the Chinese at the time, it implicitly meant “All Under Heaven.” Tianxia was first of the entire physical world, the arena in which human history was acte
  • A look at Zen
    A look at Zen FINAL PAPER LBRL STUDIES 272 MARK FERGUSON The study of Zen, it seems, became a main preoccupation of the Japanese, something never seen elsewhere. Embracing it with gusto, allowing it to mingle with old tales and myths, the Japanese raised Buddhism to a new height. Students of the ways of Buddhism found they could, if diligent, attain a measure of spiritual freedom or self-fulfillment, which may well be lacking in other forms of thinking, certainly in religions. Though I doubt ver
  • Affirmative Action3
    Affirmative Action3 I. The History of Diversity in America Known as the “Melting Pot”, America is a country with a more diverse population than any other. But America also has a long, painful past of discrimination that has been based on sex, race, color, disability, religion, sexual orientation and various other characteristics that stray from the average white American citizen. Through the years, government has played a major role in trying to correct the past wrongs due to discrimination by e
  • Affirmative Action3
    Affirmative Action3 I. The History of Diversity in America Known as the “Melting Pot”, America is a country with a more diverse population than any other. But America also has a long, painful past of discrimination that has been based on sex, race, color, disability, religion, sexual orientation and various other characteristics that stray from the average white American citizen. Through the years, government has played a major role in trying to correct the past wrongs due to discrimination by e
  • Analysis of the Hounds of Tindalos
    Analysis of the Hounds of Tindalos Analysis of the Hounds of Tindalos Textual Analysis The Hounds of Tindalos The Hounds of Tindalos is a short science fiction story containing many and varied elements that have been long associated with the genre of science fiction. This essay will identify these elements, examining their placement within this short text and also the interchange of these elements with the characteristics of other genres, more specifically, horror. Belknap Long, the author, was
  • Bobble economy
    bobble economy Is Germany sinking? ASK employees at the Bavarian Motor Works in Munich about manufacturing costs, and they become defensive and defiant, though still polite. Siegmund Engel, 35, who puts together 3-series BMWs, is typical: " People say that costs are too high. It\'s truethat other countries are cheaper. That is bad news for us. But I think our costs here are..." (he pauses) "... appropriate." Siegmund says he cannot imagine getting less than the basic pounds 500 a week he now ear
  • Bolivia Complete culture study
    Bolivia Complete culture study DESTINATION:La Paz, BOLIVIA Facts at a GlanceFull country name: Republic of BoliviaArea: 1,098,580 sq km (428,446 sq mi) Population: 7,826,350Capital city: La Paz (pop 1,000,000) and Sucre (pop 100,000)People: 30% Quechua Indian, approx 28% mestizo, 25% Aymará Indian, approx 10% European (principally Spanish)Language: Spanish but most Indians speak either Quechua or Aymará; composite dialects of Spanish-Aymará and Spanish-Quechua are also widely spokenReligion: 95%
  • Creation
    creation The Creation Stories Did the creation of the earth and life begin by itself? Or did God create them? In the beginning, civilization started to question who created earth. There were many different views. In Genesis, Jinasena, and Buddha have their own thinking. There were some differences as well as similarities. In Genesis, it was stated that God created heaven and earth. Everything we saw is God\'s work. Even ourselves is come out from him. In one week, Days and Nights; Skies and seas
  • Creation
    creation The Creation Stories Did the creation of the earth and life begin by itself? Or did God create them? In the beginning, civilization started to question who created earth. There were many different views. In Genesis, Jinasena, and Buddha have their own thinking. There were some differences as well as similarities. In Genesis, it was stated that God created heaven and earth. Everything we saw is God\'s work. Even ourselves is come out from him. In one week, Days and Nights; Skies and seas
  • Gilgamesh vs Genesis
    Gilgamesh vs Genesis GILGAMESH Vs GENESIS: In our society, which is overwhelmingly Judeo-Christian, students often find it difficult to compare Bible stories with tales from other cultures, because our own belief system is wrapped up in the prior, and it is hard for many of us to go against our traditional faith to evaluate them objectively. But in a comparison of the Biblical book of Genesis with the ancient Sumerian text, Epic of Gilgamesh, many parallels suggest that the same type of spiritua
  • Gilgamesh vs Genesis
    Gilgamesh vs Genesis GILGAMESH Vs GENESIS: In our society, which is overwhelmingly Judeo-Christian, students often find it difficult to compare Bible stories with tales from other cultures, because our own belief system is wrapped up in the prior, and it is hard for many of us to go against our traditional faith to evaluate them objectively. But in a comparison of the Biblical book of Genesis with the ancient Sumerian text, Epic of Gilgamesh, many parallels suggest that the same type of spiritua
  • Great Depressoin
    Great Depressoin The Great Depression is probably one of the most misunderstood events in American history. It is routinely cited as proof that unregulated capitalism is bad, and that only a massive welfare state, huge amounts of economic regulation, and other interventions, can save capitalism from itself. Among the many myths surrounding the Great Depression are that Herbert Hoover was a laissez faire president and that FDR brought us out of the depression. What caused the Great Depression? To
  • Hinduism
    hinduism The term Hinduism refers to the civilization of the Hindus (originally, the inhabitants of the land of the Indus River). Introduced in about 1830 by British writers, it properly denotes the Indian civilization of approximately the last 2,000 years, which evolved from Vedism the religion of the Indo-European peoples who settled in India in the last centuries of the 2nd millennium BC. The spectrum that ranges from the level of popular Hindu belief to that of elaborate ritual technique and
  • Intelligence1
    intelligence1 Advances in AI With advances in technology many researchers have become captivated with the pursuit of Artificial Intelligence. Numerous fields of study have tried to contribute their knowledge in order to create intelligence. However, years of research have thus far been unable to create human intelligence. The endeavour seems doomed to fail, for a century of thought which has tried to simply define intelligence has yet to succeed. This lack of a concrete tangible definition does
  • Inut
    Inut The Inuit I. Intoduction The Inuit are people that inhabit small enclaves in the coastal areas of Greenland, Arctic North America, and extreme northeastern Siberia. The name Inuit means the real people. In 1977 the Inuit Circumpolar Conference officially adopted Inuit as the replacement for the term “Eskimo.” There are several related linguistic groups of Arctic people. Many of these groups prefer to be called by their specific “tribal” names rather than as Inuits. In Alaska the term “Eskim
  • Maxine Hong Kingston
    Maxine Hong Kingston Maxine Hong Kingston (27 October 1940-) Pin-chia Feng National Chiao-Tung University, Taiwan See also the Kingston entry in DLB Yearbook: 1980. BOOKS: The Woman Warrior: Memoirs of a Girlhood Among Ghosts (New York: Knopf, 1976; London: John Lane, 1977); China Men (New York: Knopf, 1980); Hawaii One Summer: 1978 (San Francisco: Meadow Press, 1987); Through the Black Curtain (Berkeley: Friends of the Bancroft Library, University of California, 1987); Tripmaster Monkey: His Fa
  • Myths of politicaleconomic world view
    Myths of politicaleconomic world view MYTHS OF THE POLITICAL-ECONOMIC WORLD VIEW A MYTH IS a traditional story that offers an explanation of some fact or phenomenon. Myths are neither wholly true nor wholly untrue. They may have been more true in the past than now, but people act as if they are still true, even when they no longer really believe in them. Some modem usages of the word have connotations that suggest that myths are irrelevant or wrong, but this is not necessarily so. Myths are of c
  • Role of astronomy in modern paganism
    role of astronomy in modern paganism Myths Concerning the Creation of Constellations and the Universe “Long, long ago, the world slept in the arms of a dark void. From this place of nothingness, Spirit drew together and created our Lady of infinite love. The Lady danced among the heavens, her feet beating out the rhyth, of all creation. Sparks of light catapulted from her hair, giving birth to the stars and plantes. As she twirled, these heavenly bodies began to move with her in the divine symph
  • Sex Tourism in Thailand
    Sex Tourism in Thailand Sex Tourism in Thailand As we enter a new millenium the post-colonial nations in the world are still searching for ways to compete in an increasingly globalized, consumption driven economic environment. Many developing countries have speculated that Tourism is an effective catalyst for development as well as increased international understanding. Thailand, who has embraced tourism as the key to its modernization strategy, has been hailed by many as a paradigm for success.
  • The Hopi Prophecy
    The Hopi Prophecy INTRODUCTION The Hopi people are a strong people. They have many beliefs about life, and the way that one should live. Some people may see the Hopi as ethnocentric. I argue that ethnocentrism is not the driving force of the Hopi, but their culture and heritage has shaped them to be the proud people they are. In this paper I plan to examine the Hopi people, some of their “unusual” beliefs, and the prophecy that leads the Hopi nation to live in the way of the Hopi. THE PEOPLE Hop
  • The internet2
    The internet2 Introduction The Internet has received a great deal of attention recently as consumers, analysts and even government officials see it as the coming way that Americans will not only do business, but also shop, communicate and receive entertainment. From a small, geographically dispersed group of users only a decade ago, the Internet has added millions of users in the past years. Internet users remain geographically dispersed, but their ranks are no longer limited to government emplo
  • The Olive Branch
    The Olive Branch The Olive Branch “ Like dragonflies their [dead bodies] have filled the river. Like a raft they have moved to the edge [of the boat]. Like a raft they have moved to a river bank ” (flood-myth.com, 3/15/00). Whether the above is fact, fiction, myth, or legend it appears that all civilizations have a strong fascination with The Deluge. Bible believers feel that it was an act of God, who intern wanted to cleanse the earth of immoral people and evildoers. Chosen survivors, for examp
  • The way it is
    the way it is How to Explain Diversity: A Cultural problem The history of humanity has shown that the influences of a select few, charting their ideas of what is right and wrong, pure or dirty, black or white may all influence cultures; but these principles do not follow a certain direction. Rather, with the continuance of culture through time, the principles have diverged human experience into thousands of different cultures. In Biology as Ideology, the argument of genetic determinism arises; o
  • The welfare system must remain
    The welfare system must remain The Welfare System Must Remain Public Welfare is an important support system of the United States government. Welfare has its benefits, but the system has pitfalls. Instead of abolishing welfare as critics of the system suggest, reforms can be made to correct the problems while government, either on the state or federal level, can continue to assist the impoverished. The term welfare is used to describe a variety of programs that provide income support and create a