Globalisation

This essay has a total of 1230 words and 5 pages.

Globalisation


It is argued that globalisation does not necessarily result in the domination and erasure
of local cultures but rather engenders a resistance which can take the best of the global
and reinforce and revitalise the potency of local cultures. Discuss with reference to the
readings and concepts encountered in the subject.


Globalisation does not necessarily result in the domination and erasure of local cultures,
is a positive statement one can make from the reading Understanding Globalisation: History
and Representation in the Emergence of the World as a Single Place, (Holton 1998). We will
be looking at where globalisation comes from, or as far back as we can trace it in
history. Globalisation engenders a resistance which can take the best of the global and
reinforce and revitalise the potency of local cultures. Also, with looking at the reading
mentioned previously and defining the term globalisation one can see that it would be
quite the best of the global cultures which are taken and reinforced and revitalised into
the local cultures, that is that my understanding of the term ‘global' in the question
is to mean ‘global cultures'. As we all know, it is a simple fact of history which is
able to show that global cultures are where the best come from in order to revitalise
local cultures.

Globalisation is historical, and was present in the vast past of the world. It is through
the history that we can see globalisation did exist and took several forms, history,
politics, economics, religion, capitalism, social behaviour, modernisation, and
imperialism. These were all present in history from the beginning. There was the
developing of ‘The West' which did create dominance of local cultures from those who
claimed to be superior. We know that ‘The West' was a social level of development, which
first occurred in Europe. In Hall's definition of ‘The West' in, Formations of
Modernity, we are told that a society of the west is "developed, industrialised,
urbanized, capitalist, and modern"(p277). These societies were "a result of historical
processes - economic, political, social and cultural"(p277). Therefore, it can be said in
broad terms that it is the rising of the west which enables the west, the globalised
nations, to gain dominance and near to total erasure of local cultures. With this rising
of the west there is also capitalism and imperialism without a doubt and it is though
these elements that there is domination and almost total erasure that occurs. Let's take
the Dutch, and their dominance in Java. The Dutch colonised Java and with doing so became
dominant of the country and nearly totally erased it's culture. They capitalized what the
country offered them in terms of, raw materials, which were rare or not yet discovered in
other parts of the world at the time, and made it their own. They also made the Javanese
work in the fields for them in turn for a wage. Unfortunately the Javanese were not given
the opportunity to own their own plantations as they didn't have the means, unlike the
richer countries of Europe. The Javanese did lose their land, raw materials and freedom
however, they were able to stay in Java and keep to their own religious beliefs and local
culture. Unfortunately, it is not the best compensation but it is who they are and that is
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