Goldenrod Essay

This essay has a total of 396 words and 2 pages.

Goldenrod

Goldenrod is common name for certain related plants of the composite family. The Canada
goldenrod is really "Solidago canadensis". They are typical autumn flowers of the United
States that grow in a great variety of habitats: woods, meadows, hills, and rocky ground.
For many years goldenrod was considered a major cause of hay fever, but experiments with
goldenrod pollen have indicated that it is virtually harmless. It is so heavy that certain
types of bugs actually have to lift it out. It is the state flower of Kentucky and
Nebraska.


Goldenrods are perennial herbs with wand like stems and stalk-less leaves. They usually
grow to a height of 1.2 m (4 ft), but environmental conditions and species variations give
them a range of 30 cm to 2 m (1 to 7 ft). Their yellow flowers are in graceful clusters.
The genus goldenrods contain about 100 species, most of which are North American in
origin. The Canada goldenrod, one of the commonest species, is of average height and has
large panicles of small yellow flowers. The smaller sweet goldenrod has anise-scented
leaves used to make herb tea. The wreath goldenrod, a low-growing species, is found in
shady places. The November goldenrod is the tallest and bears large hairy panicles of
flowers. Only one goldenrod species, the European goldenrod, is native to Europe. Several
species of goldenrod that have white ray flowers are commonly called silverrod.


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