Gothic Architecture Vs Egyptian Architecture Essay

This essay has a total of 886 words and 4 pages.

Gothic Architecture Vs Egyptian Architecture



Gothic Architecture Vs. Egyptian Architecture

The sediment richens the soil year after year by the Nile that floods the valley and rises
twenty to thirty feet high. African villagers expect the seasonal rains; the precipitation
determines the crops productivity.

The valley cut by this dominating river is also where one of the greatest Neolithic
civilizations grew. The originals were of mixed races but all derived from the white
races. By 4000 B.C. these egger people started using copper and gold, developing a
standard way of living. They made tools to their own needs and began building and started
to include architectural art full of decorous curves and lines.

The early Egyptians made their homes out of river reeds and river mud. They produced round
homes or rectangular homes with arched rooftops. Primarily the huts were used to keep from
the harsh, warm temperatures. During this time period of reed homes adobe bricks were
being made which led to a crucial innovation to Egyptian homes and architecture. The art
and skill that was carved, painted and designed into religious temples and tombs gave
later researchers of great talent information on Egyptian life. With architectural strides
religious gods and carvings were beginning a decorative architectural era. Imhotep was an
architect that designed the great pyramid and temple of King Zoser in the third dynasty.
He was precise and eloquent with the use of stone that was not surpassed for centuries.
The Egyptians honored many of their architects, who also became court officials, but
Imhotep was credited for being the first great user of stone towards monumental buildings.
The old kingdom was built of river reeds and mud but later other kingdoms learned from
the old designs. Later the middle kingdom saw a new light in utilizing stone form and
development of others. Though it wasn’t until the new empire where great temples and large
courts. The new empire fell and the idea of a strong, continuous rise in Egyptian
architecture had almost ceased.

The Nile River determined the building materials of the Egyptians. As time progressed and
architecture was beginning to have history, technical skills were developing as well as
architectural skills. One major discovery was slanted roofs were unnecessary to the hot,
humid weather. Falt roofs became the new invention and were multipurpose for more living
space, which became an essential part of the home design. Egyptians also tried to figure
out a way walls could be sturdy and strong but less heavy and less cracks. But the
cracking would never fail so when the bricks were laid on concave beds, so when cracks did
occur, the wall was easily fixed. Another form of the brick was used called the vault.
Vaults were most often used in tombs and cover storage rooms but never did this principle
become a way of source. Stone was later introduced, which came late in Egyptian
architecture. There was more than enough stone, from the Nile cutting its way down the
desert plateau. There was a surplus of stone to be used. They became expert quarrying
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