Greek Gods and Heroes Essay

This essay has a total of 784 words and 4 pages.


Greek Gods and Heroes





Gods and Heroes


The ancient Greeks knew little of any real people except those who lived in the countries
to the immediate east and south of their country. Their imagination filled the rest of
the land with mystical and supernatural beings. The ancient Greeks believed the earth to
be a flat circular disk., with their country being in the middle of it. The disk was
divided into two equal parts by the Sea(the Mediterranean). They believed the River Ocean
flowed around the world from south to northen the western side of the world and vice versa
on the eastern side. The Sea and all rivers around the world received water from it. The
northern portion of the earth was thought to be inhabited by a happy race named the
Hyperboreans. They dwelled in endless bliss and an endless spring. They never aged, knew
any disease or other unpleasant things of such. Their caverns supposedly sent piercing
blasts of the north wind to the people of Greece. Their country could not be reached by
land or sea. On the south side of the earth lived the Ethiopians. They were favored
highly by the gods.They were as happy and virtuous as the Hyperboreans. On the western
part of the earth was another happy place called Elysian Plain. Mortals favored by the
gods were transported here without having to know death or anything but bliss.

The place where the gods and goddesses lived was at the highest point of Mount Olympus in
Thessaly. It was hidden by a gate of clouds. Jupiter or Zues was called the father of
gods and men. He did however have a beginning from Saturn(Coronos) and Rhea(Ops). His
parents were the children of the earth and Heaven, which sprang from Chaos. the myths of
Saturn aren’t consistent , and are very different. One says he started the Golden
Age, while the other says he was a monster that devoured his own children. Another
belief was that love was there before anything. Eros pierced and vivified all things
producing life and joy.

However it happened though, Saturn was dethroned. Jupiter and his brothers
Neptune(Poseidon) and Pluto(Dis) divided their fathers dominions. Jupiter got the
heavens, Neptune the ocean, and Pluto the realms of the dead. Jupiter was king of gods
and men. Thunder bolts were his weapon. Juno(Hera) was the wife of Jupiter, and queen of
the gods. Iris, the goddess of the rainbow , was her messenger. Vulcan (Hephaestos), the
celestial artist, was the son of Jupiter and Juno. He was born lame and his mother
couldn’t stand the sight of him. She flung him from heaven. Mars (Ares), the god
of war, was the son of Jupiter and Juno also. Phoebus Apollo, the god of archery ,music
and the sun was the son of Jupiter and Latona and brother of Diana(Artemis),goddess of the
moon. Venus (Aphrodite) was the goddess of love and beauty. She was the daughter of
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