Essay on Gypsies

This essay has a total of 1639 words and 9 pages.

Gypsies


Regan Chewning

Essay 4/Draft1

11/19/00



Gypsies: The last nomads, the free-spirited, passionate bohemians with their mysterious
rituals and powers. This romanticism is nearly as unfair as the fear and hate distracting
us from recognizing the hardships and persecution these "carefree" people have undergone
for centuries. In Europe, the Roma (as they wish to be call) have been cast out, burned at
the stake, sterilized, ghettoized, forced to give up their traditional way of life, caught
in other people's wars, and more than half a million were slaughtered in the Holocaust.


Roma misfortune can be attributed to the vicious cycle of poverty that paralyzes so many
minorities situated in an unforgiving society. This cycle of poverty began and still
exists today due to the discrimination that the Roma face because of, among other things,
their skin color and unorthodox ways of making a living. Through out history the largest
complaint about the Roma, however, has been their wandering lifestyle. What is interesting
though, is that the Rom are no longer nomads. The few that do move from place to place are
migrant and are forced across boarders by the very authorities that complain about their
way of life.


While some sources speculate that gypsies originally migrated from Egypt, it is usually
agreed upon by most scholars that the gypsies came from India to Eastern Europe about a
thousand years ago. The true reason for this move remains a mystery but many theories
exist that they my have moved as a result of changes in the government, the economic
situation or perhaps they have always been wonderers. Whatever the reason for their move,
we will probably never know the truth. One gypsy lady learned during her childhood that
"We were being punished for stealing the fourth nail that was needed in Christ's
crucifixion. That's why his feet are crossed and nailed together. We were forced into
wondering for taking this nail."


Whether gypsies were responsible for Christ's missing nail one thing is certain: the
gypsy's dark Indian skin has made them the subject of ridicule for centuries; for it has
been a European tradition to detest the non-ayrean. The Persian poet Firdausi is said to
have written, "No washing ever whitens the black gypsy." Even within religion the gypsies
are not free from contempt. In his writings a German monk described gypsies as having "the
most ugly faces, black like those of Tartars." And an old Yiddish proverb states: "The
same sun makes the linen white that makes the Gypsy black." In a recent interview
published in National Catholic Reporter several Bosnians commented that the gypsies were
"their blacks."


Racial discrimination does not stop with people's nasty remarks. In Checklosloviakia job
discrimination because of skin color is commonplace. The Czech newspaper Lidove Noviny
recently disclosed that the government employment agencies were secretly marking Roma job
applications with an "R" to alert potential employers.


Unemployment has always been a problem for the Roma and through out history has caused
friction between the gypsies and their host countries. Being nomads, farming has never
been an option so by relying on their "gypsy skills" such as dancing, singing or animal
training and of course non-gypsies have always found this type of alternative work to be
"lazy and distasteful." There were those few gypsies who went the more conventional route
by taking up blacksmithing, basket weaving, shoe making or metalworking, however this put
them in direct competition with non-gypsy workers and needless to say created tension.


Centuries of discrimination in the work place have shaped Roma culture. With no land to
farm and without the necessary skills to get a job, the only way for the Roma to escape
poverty is for the government to address education. Several attempts have been made to
integrate gypsy children into schools, however they are constantly ridiculed once they get
there. A 1939 account of a gypsy child who attempted to attend school shows the
consequences:


Then on day, in front of the whole class, he said to me, β€˜you filthy gypsy! You don't
belong here. You belong with filth. Turn your face to the corner; we don't want to see
your ugly gypsy face.' 15




Incidents like this one are what shaped the gypsy tradition of refusing all government
assistance, educational or otherwise. Because they have always been excluded from formal
educational institutions the Rom have learned to rely solely on the knowledge that their
elders could transmit to them. Gypsy children were taught to obey their elders and rely on
them. Today when young gypsies are asked about their plan for the future common responses
are "I want to pass my driving test," or "to leave the family and get married."


Continues for 5 more pages >>




  • World War I
    World War I World War I The Causes of the War OK, in a nutshell, World War Is cause went as far back as the early 1800s. People controlled by other nations began to evolve peoples feelings of nationalism. The French Revolution of 1789 brought a new feeling to the word Nationalism. People who spoke French, German, Italian, ext. felt that they should have a separate government in a country where everyone spoke the same language. Unfortunately, we cant please everyone and this demand they had wa
  • World War I
    World War I World War I The Causes of the War OK, in a nutshell, World War Is cause went as far back as the early 1800s. People controlled by other nations began to evolve peoples feelings of nationalism. The French Revolution of 1789 brought a new feeling to the word Nationalism. People who spoke French, German, Italian, ext. felt that they should have a separate government in a country where everyone spoke the same language. Unfortunately, we cant please everyone and this demand they had wa
  • Vlad Tepes
    Vlad Tepes Many people know of Dracula from the movie or novel of Bram Stoker’s Dracula, and are aware that there is was a true historical Dracula. Bram Stoker penned his immortal classic, "Dracula", he based his vampire villain on a Romanian historical figure. Stoker\'s model was Vlad III Dracula ( Tepes - The Impaler), a fifteenth century viovode of Wallachia of the princely House of Basarab. Wallachia (Tara Romaneasca) is a provence of Romania bordered to the north by Transylvania and Moldavi
  • How Could This Have Happened
    How Could This Have Happened How Could This Have Happened? Elie Wiesel, a survivor of the Jewish massacre during World War II, opens his classic autobiography, Night, in his hometown of Sighet, Transylvania (now Romania). In this short, but powerful, book, Wiesel speaks of the incredible events that take place in his life from age twelve to age sixteen; his carefree childhood; the brutal torture of Wiesel and his fellow Jews at the hands of German soldiers in the concentration camps; and the day
  • BUSINESS PLAN
    BUSINESS PLAN Introduction to the Sample Plan The following document is a sample of a finished business plan. In your final plan, you have the opportunity to elaborate on those ideas in your outline that you feel are most integral to your business. In composing your business plan, you can follow your outline as loosely or closely as you choose. For instance, in the sample plan, the Executive Summary, which is the last section of the Business Planning Wizard, is presented first in order to emphas
  • BUSINESS PLAN
    BUSINESS PLAN Introduction to the Sample Plan The following document is a sample of a finished business plan. In your final plan, you have the opportunity to elaborate on those ideas in your outline that you feel are most integral to your business. In composing your business plan, you can follow your outline as loosely or closely as you choose. For instance, in the sample plan, the Executive Summary, which is the last section of the Business Planning Wizard, is presented first in order to emphas
  • BUSINESS PLAN
    BUSINESS PLAN Introduction to the Sample Plan The following document is a sample of a finished business plan. In your final plan, you have the opportunity to elaborate on those ideas in your outline that you feel are most integral to your business. In composing your business plan, you can follow your outline as loosely or closely as you choose. For instance, in the sample plan, the Executive Summary, which is the last section of the Business Planning Wizard, is presented first in order to emphas
  • Feasibility study
    feasibility study Table of Contents 1. Executive Summary ………………………………………………………………. 3 2. Our goal ……………………………………………………………………………4 3. AstraZeneca ………………………………………………………………………..5 4. Bulgaria - Basic Facts ……………………………………………………………...6 5. Britain - Bulgaria - cultural comparison …………………………………………...8 6. Recommendations for overcoming the differences ………………………………10 7. References ………………………………………………………………………..15 I. Executive Summary The British company AstraZeneca plans to open a representative branch in Bu
  • Night3
    Night3 “Never shall I forget that night, the first night in camp, which has turned my life into one long night, seven times cursed and seven times sealed. Never shall I forget that smoke. Never shall I forget the little faces of the children, whose bodies I saw turned into wreaths of smoke beneath a silent blue sky. Never shall I forget those flames which consumed my faith forever. Never shall I forget that nocturnal silence which deprived me, for all eternity, of the desire to live. Never shall
  • Cold war
    Cold war COLD WAR ESSAY The cold war began because of the conflicting ideologies between Soviet Communism and American Capitalism and the misconceptions both countries had about each other. The fact that neither country would reveal anything about them selves added the mystique and created high tensions between countries. Spying was the only way for countries to get a good idea of what the other side was doing and get answers for many previously unanswered questions. Many people had doubts and f
  • French Revolution and Nepoleon
    French Revolution and Nepoleon French Revolution and Napoleon Europe has been the focal point in history for hundreds of years. It has been the stating and ending place of many empires. Europe in the Nineteenth Century was a very critical point in history. Wars were being fought, boundaries of countries changed, countries were becoming unified, revolutions destroyed countries, but the most critical happening that did more to shape Europe’s character and structure in the Nineteenth Century, than
  • Yalta Conference
    Yalta Conference The Yalta Conference The Yalta Conference was one of the most important events in history, let alone, this century. It took place from February 4 to February 11, 1945, at Yalta, Crimea, a port/resort. The three main individuals at this meeting were Churchill of Great Britain, Roosevelt of the United States and Stalin of the U.S.S.R, known back then, and now known as Russia. Roosevelt had two primary goals at Yalta, and he secured them both, during the negotiations. One these key
  • The Legue The UN the Future
    The Legue The UN the Future During the First World War several world leaders such as President of the United States(U.S.) Woodrow Wilson and South African Prime Minster Jan Smuts, advocated the need for an international organization that preserved peace and settled disputes by arbitration. When peace negotiations began in October 1918,United States president Woodrow Wilson insisted that his Fourteen Points serve as a basis for the signing of the Armistice . The Armistice included the formation o
  • World War II
    World War II World War II was one of the deadliest and most destructive wars this world has seen. The origins of the war were in Germany where Adolf Hitler became the leader and started ethnic cleansing, killing any Jewish person, gypsy, homosexual or any other person whom he considered "inferior." Another cause of the war was the attempted invasion of Ethiopia by Italy, which they eventually occupied in 1936 despite British and French opposition. Germany appeared to be winning the war, taking o
  • Drugs and Alcohol
    Drugs and Alcohol One of the biggest problems people cope with today is the addiction of drugs and alcohol. The effects of taking these drugs are dangerous: domestic violence, crimes, accidents, sexual assault or becoming infected with HIV/AIDS. Different studies of domestic violence show a big involvement of high quantities of alcohol and other drugs. These increase the level of aggression. Alcoholism and child abuse, including incest, seem tightly intertwined as well. Parents, being under alco
  • Attempts made at peace
    attempts made at peace Modern History “What attemps were made to achieve a lasting peace in Europe between the years 1918-1922 By: Paul Portelli This Essay will Disscuss why the “peace treaties” of WW1 cause not peace but War. Focusing mainly on the Treaty of Versaille, Woodrow Willson and the league of nations. How the triple anntont where more intrested in imperialism instead of idealism. The Versaille Treaty, an agreement for peaceful terms among the warring nations of World War I, was exting
  • Blitzkrieg
    blitzkrieg The First Phase: Dominance of the Axis Man for man, the German and Polish forces were an even match. Hitler committed about 1.5 million troops, and the Polish commander, Marshal Edward Smigly-Rydz, expected to muster 1.8 million. That was not the whole picture, however. The Germans had six panzer (armored) and four motorized divisions; the Poles had one armored and one motorized brigade and a few tank battalions. The Germans\' 1600 aircraft were mostly of the latest types. Half of the
  • Caryl Churchill
    Caryl Churchill Caryl Churchill Born in London on September 3, 1938, Caryl Churchill grew up in England and Canada. In 1960, she received a BA in English from Oxford University where she wrote three plays: Downstairs, You\'ve No Need to be Frightened, and Having a Wonderful Time. After graduation, she began to write radio plays for the BBC including The Ants (1962), Not, Not, Not, Not Enough Oxygen (1971), and Schreber\'s Nervous Illness (1972). This genre forced Churchill to develop a certain e
  • DDay1
    DDay1 In this book report I read the book D-Day and tells u about the time before and the grueling battles that led up to the most memorable and most important day of this century, June 6, 1944, that was D-Day. Also I will mention key points and describe to you what intricate planning and grueling strategy that out smarted the German forces. What really decided the outcome of the war was determined by three things the number of allies, the number of soldiers that where positioned right so that t
  • DDay1
    DDay1 In this book report I read the book D-Day and tells u about the time before and the grueling battles that led up to the most memorable and most important day of this century, June 6, 1944, that was D-Day. Also I will mention key points and describe to you what intricate planning and grueling strategy that out smarted the German forces. What really decided the outcome of the war was determined by three things the number of allies, the number of soldiers that where positioned right so that t
  • Dracula
    Dracula Costea 1 Razvan George Costea Professor Wagner ACA 111 - 100 May 3, 1999 The History of Dracula Undoubtedly, we have all heard legends about vampires. These undead creatures were born to live by sucking the blood of innocent humans. But where did these monsters originate? The name Dracula comes from Vlad III of fifteenth century Romania (Porter). Contrary to popular opinion though, Dracula was not a vampire, but rather one of the greatest rulers that had every reigned over Romania. Lebla
  • Great War
    Great War The Great War BY Kevin Kilkenny World War I was from 1914 to 1918 it started out as a local European war between Austria-Hungary and Serbia on July 28, 1914, but then became European war when the declaration of war against Russia on August 1, 1914 and eventually became a global war involving 32 nations. 28 of these nations were Allies and the Associated Powers and including Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, and the United States. The Central Powers consisting of Germany, Austria-Hu
  • Hitler and His Downfall
    Hitler and His Downfall Hitler and His Downfall To many World War II has been the most devastating war in human history. It had been global military conflict that caused the loss of millions of lives as well as material destruction. The war began in Europe in September of 1939. It ended on May 8, 1945. This day was marked by the British government as V-E (Victory in Europe) Day. The outcome of this war left a new world order dominated by the United States and the Soviet Union. Adolf Hitler was b
  • Imigration
    Imigration IMMIGRATION For many, immigration to the United States during the late 19th to early 20th century would be a new beginning to a prosperous life. However there were many acts and laws past to limit the influx of immigrants, do to prejudice, such as the Chinese Exclusion Act. Later on into the 20th century there would be laws repealing the older immigration laws and acts making it possible for many more foreigners to immigrate to the United States. Even with the new acts and laws that b
  • Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
    Julius and Ethel Rosenberg Julius and Ethel Rosenberg The outcome of the Julius and Ethel Rosenberg trial for espionage in 1951 and their subsequent execution in 1953 was directly related to the political climate at that time. The government’s evidence against the Rosenbergs was not overwhelming, but due to a combination of fear and political pressure, the guilty verdict was inevitable. Even though Julius did not deliver the secrets of the atomic bomb to Moscow, nor did they cause the Korean War
  • Nikita Krushchev
    Nikita Krushchev Nikita Khrushchev is undoubtedly one of the most important and interesting political figures of the twentieth century. Rising from a background of extreme poverty, he became an early supporter of the November 1917 bolshevik revolution. During the inter war years he joined the Communist Party, and rose steadily through its ranks; by the outbreak of World War II, he was firmly entrenched as one of the most important Soviet politicians and statesmen. He continued on in this capacit
  • Slavery in Greece Rome and Africa
    Slavery in Greece Rome and Africa The issue of slavery has been debated since its early inception. In recent times, there has been considerable debate as to the definition of slavery. Western scholars have attempted to justify slavery of the New World by comparing it to the slavery that existed in Biblical times as well as Greco-Roman and African slavery. Some argue that there can be no international definition of slavery. Others try to define by a few words that apply to every instance of slave
  • Soviet Downfall
    Soviet Downfall Abstract This essay concentrates on two representatives of the dissident movement in the Soviet Union in the 1960s and in the 1970s--Andrei Sakharov and Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn. The essay introduces the history of the dissident movement in the Russian Empire under the Tsars and in the Soviet Union under various leaders, mainly under Nikita Khruschev, Leonid Brezhnev and Michael Gorbachev. It presents the historical conflict of Slavophils and Westernizers that began in the time of
  • Worl war 1
    Worl war 1 World War I World War I The Causes of the War OK, in a nutshell, World War I’s cause went as far back as the early 1800s. People controlled by other nations began to evolve people’s feelings of nationalism. The French Revolution of 1789 brought a new feeling to the word Nationalism. People who spoke French, German, Italian, ext. felt that they should have a separate government in a country where everyone spoke the same language. Unfortunately, we can’t please everyone and this demand
  • World Strruggle Comes to Division
    World Strruggle Comes to Division World Struggle Comes to Division It is thought that this war that is been ongoing for over a year, began with the assassination of the Archduke Francis Ferdinand; however, many other reasons led to this war. Some occurring reasons date as far back as the late 1800\'s. Nationalism, militarism, imperialism, and the system of alliances were four main factors that pressed the great powers towards this explosive war. Nationalism is the love of one\'s country rather t
  • World War I1
    World War I1 Results of World War I World War I became known as the "Great War" because it was the biggest war ever in the history of the world. It was supposed to be the war to end all wars. But it wasn\'t, 20 years later Germany rebuilt its army, and tried again to take over Europe. The peace treaties were partially responsible for World War II. (A) The end of World War I came after 4 years of harsh fighting. When the Americans joined the war effort in April of 1917, the Allies were given unli
  • 5 year plan
    5 year plan Table of Contents Mission Statement Company Objectives Company Overview 1. Historical Outline 2. Products and Services 3. Financial Statements SWOT Analysis § An analysis of company’s strengths § An analysis of company’s weaknesses § An analysis of company’s opportunities § An analysis of company’s threats Business Strategy Marketing Mix § Product § Pricing § Place § Promotion Analysis of Major Competitors in the Field § Kenmore § Whirlpool § Kirby § Maytag § GE International Expansi
  • Breaking the Chains of Violence
    Breaking the Chains of Violence Breaking the Chains of Violence To return violence for violence does nothing but intensify the existence of violence and evil in the universe. Someone must have sense enough and morality enough to cut off the chains of violence and hate. -Martin Luther King, Jr. We live in a society that has seen a tremendous rise in juvenile violence over the past ten years. Juvenile homicides are twice as common today as they were in the mid-1980\'s (Begley 35). Forcible rapes b
  • Coldwar
    Coldwar Bibliography: Bowker, Mike, and Brown, Robin, eds., From Cold War to Collapse (1992); Brands, H. W., The Devil We Knew (1994); Crockatt, Richard, The Fifty Years War: The United States and the Soviet Union in World Politics, 1941-1991 (1995); Gaddis, John Lewis, The United States and the End of the Cold War (1992) and We Now Know: Rethinking Cold War History (1997); Glynn, Patrick, Closing Pandora\'s Box (1992); LaFeber, Walter, America, Russia, and the Cold War, 7th ed. (1992); May, Ern
  • Immigration1
    Immigration1 An immigrant is commonly defined as a person who leaves one country to settle permanently in another(The American..). Over the years Americans have looked with suspicion on the arrival of immigrants. Many permenant citizens feel that they take from the country rather than offer them new ideas and culture. For centuries, people have come to America as they choose(A nation of ...). Today the number of immigrants are causing many problems in America(Branigin). "The number of illegal im
  • Immigration1
    Immigration1 An immigrant is commonly defined as a person who leaves one country to settle permanently in another(The American..). Over the years Americans have looked with suspicion on the arrival of immigrants. Many permenant citizens feel that they take from the country rather than offer them new ideas and culture. For centuries, people have come to America as they choose(A nation of ...). Today the number of immigrants are causing many problems in America(Branigin). "The number of illegal im
  • Immigration3
    immigration3 “Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, the wretched refuse of your teeming shore, send these, the homeless, tempest-tossed to me, I lift my lamp beside the golden door!” (Szumski 19). This poem, placed at the base of The Statue of Liberty was rightfully depicted as a welcome mat for the rejected and oppressed people of other nations. However, our country is now becoming disorganized and bombarded with mass immigration. This problem causes money
  • Mark nodzon
    mark nodzon The Cold War was the elongated tension between the Soviet Union and the United States of America. It began in the mid 40’s after WWII. The Cold War was a conflict of political, military, and economic values and ideas. Though military build up was great on both sides neither one ever directly fought each other. Europe had a military and somewhat of an economy. In the late 40’s through early 50’s the Soviet Union started to spread. Russia was able to spread communism through many count
  • Nintendo in Hungary
    Nintendo in Hungary Nintendo In Hungary Geographical Settings: Hungary is located in central Europe and it covers about 93,000 square kilometers. It is bounded to the north by Slovakia, to the east by Ukraine and Romania, to the south by Yugoslavia and Croatia, and to the west by Slovenia and Austria. Most of the eastern part of the country is flat, but the northwestern area has rolling hills and low mountains. Almost 55% of the land is suitable for cultivation, allowing the country to be nearly
  • NIXON
    NIXON RICHARD M. NIXON. The first president of the United States to resign from office was Richard M. Nixon. Before his mid-term retirement in 1974, he had been only the second president to face impeachment. In 1968, in a political comeback unprecedented in American history, Nixon was elected the 37th president of the United States. This victory followed two major political defeats. In his first bid for the presidency in 1960, the Democratic candidate, John F. Kennedy, defeated him. Two years la
  • Ortientations introduction of its moroccan interne
    Ortientations introduction of its moroccan internet portal EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Orientation is dedicated to developing and connecting Internet communities in the cyberworld beyond North America and Western Europe, its aim is to help people explore this world thoroughly and easily. As we move into the 21st century, the Internet is going to change. What was once a very American phenomenon is finally living up to its name, The World Wide Web. In Asia, South America, Eastern Europe, The Middle East, Th
  • Phones
    phones Ban on car cell phone use unlikely Monday August 1, 1999 By NICOLE LETOURNEAU BOSTON – A driver chatting into a cell phone as the car whizzes down the road is becoming a more common sight in this age of telecommunications. But is it safe to dial and drive? State legislators and federal officials agree that the use of cellular telephones while driving poses a distraction which may lead to car accidents. But they acknowledge that little is being done to address the issue. "Anything that tak
  • Truman doctrine
    truman doctrine The Truman Doctrine’s Impact in Cold War Strategy By the middle of the twentieth century’s fifth decade, the world had been jolted by two catastrophic wars; a seven- year economic disaster and the recognition that weapons of mass destruction existed. Where blood had been spilled through hand to hand combat dating back to trench warfare, the realization that thirty years hence, blood bones and the complete human identity could be vaporized helped create a climate of distrust betwe
  • Truman doctrine
    truman doctrine The Truman Doctrine’s Impact in Cold War Strategy By the middle of the twentieth century’s fifth decade, the world had been jolted by two catastrophic wars; a seven- year economic disaster and the recognition that weapons of mass destruction existed. Where blood had been spilled through hand to hand combat dating back to trench warfare, the realization that thirty years hence, blood bones and the complete human identity could be vaporized helped create a climate of distrust betwe
  • Vernacular in general
    vernacular in general Literary Terms Analysis with Examples 1) Allusion: An allusion describes a famous literary figure or historical event. In an allusion, the author of a literary work refers to a well-known episode from a book or occasion. Thus, the two things most often alluded to in literature (the two greatest known literary works) deal with Shakespeare\'s plays and the New Testament. Examples: In modern-day literature, George Orwell alludes to the "Evil Empire," in his book, Animal Farm.
  • Vlad Tepes Cracula
    Vlad Tepes Cracula Just who was this peculiar Vlad Tepes Dracula? An explorer of the further realms of experience, a demon to some and Angel to others. Nevertheless he was the fifteenth century ruler of Romania. Bram Stoker based his “Dracula” novel on Vlad Tepes. His real history is perhaps more interesting than any vampire story. Vlad was born in 1431 in the town of Sighisoara. He was the second son of the Prince of Wallachia, Vlad Dracul. Dracul, his father was the ruler of a country called W
  • World War II
    World War II World War II was the biggest war ever fought. Nearly 30 million people were killed in it. About half were civilians while the other half were soldiers, sailors, and airmen. The war was fought all over the world, but the most important battles took place on the Islands in the Pacific and in Europe. The two sides were called the Axis and the Allies. The war lasted from 1939 to 1945; the chief countries of the Allies were the United States, Great Britain, Russia, France, and China. The
  • World War II
    World War II World War II was the biggest war ever fought. Nearly 30 million people were killed in it. About half were civilians while the other half were soldiers, sailors, and airmen. The war was fought all over the world, but the most important battles took place on the Islands in the Pacific and in Europe. The two sides were called the Axis and the Allies. The war lasted from 1939 to 1945; the chief countries of the Allies were the United States, Great Britain, Russia, France, and China. The
  • Ww21
    ww21 World War II, global military conflict that, in terms of lives lost and material destruction, was the most devastating war in human history. It began in 1939 as a European conflict between Germany and an Anglo-French coalition but eventually widened to include most of the nations of the world. It ended in 1945, leaving a new world order dominated by the United States and the USSR. More than any previous war, World War II involved the commitment of nations\' entire human and economic resourc
  • Europe
    Europe Friday, July 23rd -- Paris, France I spent my second night in a youth hostel in Paris last night. I arrived in Paris around 6:00am local time two days ago. The flight from LAX to Orly airport was ten about hours long. It wasn\'t so bad, though. There was nobody sitting next to me and a nice, elderly French lady two seats away. The charter flight that I flew on was run by a French airline, and it seemed that the majority of the passengers were French-speaking. When we were taking off from