Henry Ford Paper Essay

This essay has a total of 1452 words and 6 pages.

Henry Ford Paper

The Life of Henry Ford

Henry Ford once said, "I will build a motorcar for the masses…constructed of the best
materials, by the best me to be hired, after the simplest designs that modern engineering
can devise…so low in price that no man making a good salary will be unable to own one
and enjoy with his family the blessing of hours of pleasure in God's great open spaces."
(Willamette 1) This is one of his most memorable yet earliest public quotes in history,
that can easily sum up his whole life. Ford was much more than a person who made cars.

Henry Ford was born on July 30, 1863 on a farm near Greenfield Michigan where he lived a
normal childhood. At thirteen years old Ford became obsessed with the "horseless
carriage", after he witnessed a steam engine rolling down the street on its own (Lacey 8).
Ford, was a curious child, one day he ran up to the engineer and asked him many questions.
After getting all his answers the engineer actually let him drive the engine (Robert 9).
Four years later, he went to work in Detroit as a machinist (Sahlman 1). One year later,
he met Thomas Edison and earned a job at Detroit Edison Illuminating Co. (Caldwell 21).

Ford and Edison became life long friends, and because of Edison's continued encouragement
Ford built the first quadricycle gas powered car in 1896 (Salhman 1). In 1903 he founded
his company The Ford Motor Co. (Caldwell 21). Ford invented the assembly line in 1913 to
be able to produce his cars more rapidly then any other company (Willamette 1). He was the
first to use the moving conveyor belt in his factories (Encarta). In 1908, he introduced
the Model T. The Model T's were sold at an affordable


price of $850 (Willamette 2). In 1920, 4 million Model T's were sold nationwide.
When Ford came out with the assembly line for the Model T the price dropped to $490. Due
to mass production in 1925 from the assembly line profits were increased. This enabled the
price to be decreased to $260. (Willamette 2). However, Ford never gave up on the Model T
even when he

should have because the car's popularity was disappearing (Iacocca 2). In 1919 Ford turned
the company over to his son Edsel until he died and Ford once again took over the company
until he was forced to retire because of old age (Salhman 3). He died two years later on
April seventh 1947, at the age of eighty-four (Salhman 3).

Ford was a very caring loving person who was always interested in the well being of
others. Ford not only wished for every middle class family to afford a car but he also
wanted his workers to have a car too (Jarold 1). That was why he wanted so badly to make a
car at a price so that everyone could afford it (Iacocca 1). After many numerous attempts
to accomplish this goal Ford would say, " Failure is the opportunity to begin again more
intelligently."(Lacey 65) This kind of attitude led Henry Ford to create the Model T in
1908.Henry Ford could have expanded his business and make many types of cars, but he chose
to only make one for mass production. He did this because he knew that the cars would not
only be cheaper, but the more cars that were made the more the price would drop. The
purpose of the price reduction was to give everyone an opportunity to own a car. Ford did
this unselfishly and his company never lost a dime (Jarold 1). He was once quoted saying,
" A business that makes nothing but money is a poor kind of business (Willamette 5)." Even
though Henry Ford sold over 15 million


Model T's over the next two decades, his happiness came from seeing the people's response to him (Caldwell 48).
In addition for his care of his consumers, Ford also cared a lot for his workers. In fact,
in 1913, when his assembly lines were up and running the workers produced such a He also
thought that well paid workers would work better and the more money they made the more
likely they could by themselves a car.

high turnover, Ford doubled the minimum wage of his workers salary to $5 a day. Then he
cut their work hours down from 9 hours to 8 hours per day (Iacocca 5). This made his
workers feel more appreciated therefore they worked harder and this was just the beginning
of a great relationship.

Not only did Ford care about what his workers did on the job but he even had a
"sociological department" set up to make sure that the workers did not blow their money on
booze and unnecessary materials (Lacey 56). Ford even banned smoking because he believed
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