Herbert George Wells

This essay has a total of 3030 words and 21 pages.

Herbert George Wells



Herbert George Wells was born in 1866 in Bromley, Kent, a few miles
from
London, the son of a house-maid and gardener. Wells died in 1946, a
wealthy and
famous author, having seen science fiction become a recognized literary
form and
having seen the world realize some of science fiction’s fondest
dreams and worst
fears. Wells mother attempted to find him a safe occupation as a draper
or
chemist.
Wells had a quick mind and a good memory that enabled him to pass
subjects by
examination and win a scholarship to the Normal School of Science, where
he
stayed for three years and, most importantly, was exposed to biology
under the
famous Thomas H. Huxley. Wells went into teaching and writing text books
and
articles for the magazines that were of that time. In 1894 he began to
write
science-fiction stories. -James Gunn
Wells vision of the future, with its troglodytic Morlocks descended
from the
working class of his day and the pretty but helpless Eloi devolved from
the
leisure class, may seem antiquated political theory. It emerged out of
the
concern for social justice that drew Wells to the Fabian Society and
inspired
much of his later writing, but time has not dimmed the fascination of
the
situation and the horror of the imagery.
The Time Machine brought these concerns into his fiction. It,
too,
involved the future, but a future imagined with greater realism and in
greater
detail than earlier stories of the future. It also introduced, for the
first
time in fiction, the notion of a machine for traveling in time.
In this novel the Time Machine by H. G. Wells, starts with the time
traveler
trying to persuade his guest’s the theory of the fourth dimension
and even the
invention. He tries to explain the fourth dimension before he shows them
the
time machine so they don’t think of him as a magician. H. G. Wells
uses details
about the fourth dimension to teach the reader the theory about it to
capture
your attention. Also Wells character the time traveler says "Scientific
people",
"Know very well that time is only a kind of space". In this quote he is
clearly
using persuasion tactics. He tries to attack there consious by saying
that,
scientific people know that this is only a kind of space. He says this
in hopes
that they will believe what he says just because other intelligent
people
believe the theory. This is a very primitive but still an effective way
to try
to persuade people. The idea is "because many people believe it, so it
must be
true". The people he is trying to persuade are of 19th century thinking
and well
to do people and they are competitive amongst other well to do people so
if
other rich and intelligent people believe this fourth dimension theory
so the
time traveler hopes this will motivate them to learn about it.
The Characters in the book Time Machine are The time traveler, Filby,
the
psychologist, and the provincial mayor. Later the silent man and the
editor come
in to play. Filby is described as "an argumentative person with red
hair". He
has another label that Wells puts on him; he call him the "young man".
The
psychologist also has another label; he is "the medical man". The time
traveler
is described briefly when the group of intellects head down the corridor
to the
laboratory. He uses "his queer broad head in silhouette." When the
arrive at the
machine’s location it is described as "Parts were made of nickel,
parts of
ivory, parts had certainly been filed or sawn out of rock crystal". He
probably
chose these characters as witnesses because they hold higher education
and
people would believe them from there reputations. The psychologist would
be
beneficiary in convincing the other that its not a hoax because he is
aware of
human behavior. The provincial mayor is also an intelligent man and the
people
elected him so if he is to believe that this works then many people
would follow
him. Filby is another character but never talks about his standing in
society it
could be his friend because he did wink at the time traveler or maybe he
is not
because he disputed the time traveler’s time machine in his face
and behind his
back. H. G. Wells uses two other characters that come to dinner to meet
the time
traveler. The main character comes back from the future. The medical
doctor and
the provincial mayor are accompanied by the editor or known as the
journalist,
and the silent man. The editor uses three names to describe his guest's;
"Blank,
Dash, and Chose." These names are mentioned but they are never given a
designation so there is no way to figure out which one is the mayor,
psychologist, or the silent man. The editor shows some disbelief but
goes ahead
listening to the story and is a little eager. He may just wanted to get
a story
to report in the newspaper that someone has claimed to have gone to the
future
and back. They all agree that the time traveler can tell his story
without
interruption because he is wary with exhaustion and has no tolerance to
answer
questions or be accused as a liar or a quack.
He begins his story by telling that he has "lived eight days...such
days as
no human has ever lived before!". Next he is in his laboratory working
on his
time machine trying to complete it before Friday. He completes it that
morning.
He is delayed to the ivory rod that was an inch to long so he had to get
it
remade. The time traveler begins his journey to the future. At first he
didn't
know if anything was happening yet for this machine was untested. "For a
moment
I suspected that my intellect had tricked me." "Then I noted the clock.
A moment
before, as it seemed, it had stood at a minute or so past ten; now it
was nearly
half-past three!". This part in the novel is his most detailed
explanation to
capture the readers imagination and to fully support the illusion of
time
travel. He tells of many details such as his maid Mrs. Watched came in
the
laboratory and moved like a rocket around it. He explains the time
traveling
experience as a since of falling and the speed is so great that it feels
like
any minute you will smash into another object. All these details suggest
that
its not a comfortable ride especially when he said "I remarked indeed a
clumsy
swaying of the machine, for which I was unable to account." There is
evidence
that the laboratory and the time traveler's house was torn down when he
saw the
brief picture of scaffolding. A snail went across the room at a speed
that his
eyes could not keep up with. After his house was gone he was in the open
air and
saw huge buildings erect themselves all around him. Wells was right in
his
assumption about these buildings because skyscrapers do exist in our
time. He
saw all the vegetation grow and die. The moon ran its cycles and the sun
shot
across the sky so fast that it was hurting the time traveler's eyes. The
time
traveler witness the season's changing from snow to spring in a
continuos cycle.
He thought of stopping but he was afraid of jamming his molecules and
the
object's molecules that occupied that space at that particular time.
Here he
goes back to science and with some added element of chemistry. The main
character explains that if his time machine occupied the same space at
the same
time as another object then the molecules would fuse together causing a
chemical
reaction and the ending result would be an explosion. Even with this
threat he
takes the risk out of curiosity building some suspense in the book. He
stops and
is flung from his machine and is met by a thunderstorm. This is
realistic in
this book because in the UK it rains a lot so there is a good chance
that he
would encounter rain. After the Thunder storm is gone he hears voices in
the
bushes. A person emerges from the brush and is described as "a slight
creature-perhaps four feet high-clad in a purple tunic, girdled at the
waist
with a leather belt. Sandals or buskins-I could not clearly distinguish
which-were on his feet; his legs were bare to the knees, and his head
was bare."
He was under the impression that there will frail creature and not very
intelligent and he was correct. His assumption of intelligence was
proven when
one of the human looking creatures asked him is he had come from the sun
riding
on a thunderstorm. Also when he gave them a threatening motion towards
them when
they got around the machine they retreated immediately. His assumption
of
frailty was proven after this fact. He noticed that a lot of them looked
a like
which he thought was odd. They probably looked like this because they
have been
bred and raised like cattle for many years so they are all probably
sharing a
lot of the same genes. The thing Wells did not know is that you can not
do that
to mammals especially humans; breeding so closely using the same genes
it causes
mammals to become sterile and extinct. He on

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