Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky Essay

This essay has a total of 852 words and 5 pages.

Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky



Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky

Bohdan Zenoviy Khmelnytsky was one of the most influencial rulers of Eastern Europe, but
not known as well as other great leaders such as Napoleon, because of the way he led the
great Ukrainian uprising, or The Great Revolt of 1648 (Subtelny, 123).


Born about 1595, though the exact date and place is unknown, Khmelnytsky was the son of a
minor Ukrainian nobleman named Mykhaylo Khmelnytsky. Mykhaylo served the royal Hetman
Stanislaw Zolkiewski and his son-in-law, Jan Danilowicz of Poland. For his good services,
Mykhaylo obtained an estate in Subotiv. Bohdan was educated at a Jesuit College in
Yaroslav where he studied the Polish and Latin languages. It was thought he also studied
French. In 1620, his father was killed in the battle against the Poles at Cecora. Bohdan
was taken captive by the Turks and held for two years until his mother collected enough
ransom money. During these two years he mastered the Turkish and Tatar languages. This
proved to be helpful to him later in his relations with Turkey and Tatary. Bohdan
returned to Subotiv to follow in his father's footsteps by becoming a Cossack (an
idealistic, freedom-loving, gallant and independent man who fights for the well being of
Ukraine and is ready to sacrifice his life for his country, his religion, and his
freedom), married Hanna Somko and lived together on his estate in Subotiv.


After the signing of the Treaty of Borovytsia on December 24, 1637, Bohdan was elected
Captain of the registered Cossacks in Chihiryn. He was part of a Cossack delegation to
the Polish king, Wladyslaw IV in 1646. At this point in his career, he was 50 years old.


In 1646, while away from his estate, a Polish nobleman, with the aid of local magnates (a
very important and influential person in any field of activity, especially in a large
business), laid claim to Khmelnytsky's estate, raided it, killed his yougest son, and
kidnapped the woman that the recently widowed Bohdan intended to marry. This action gave
him enough motivation to form a revolt againt the Poles. His life changed, and with it the
course of Ukraine's history.


Khmelnytsky organized supporters and plotted an uprising against the Polish landlords.
Realizing that their cavalry was small, he seeked the aid of the Crimean Tatars, the
Cossack's traditional enemies. The timing was right, and an alliance against the Poles was
formed. The Khan sent 4000 Tatars to aid the Cossacks.


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  • Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky
    Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky Bohdan Zenoviy Khmelnytsky was one of the most influencial rulers of Eastern Europe, but not known as well as other great leaders such as Napoleon, because of the way he led the great Ukrainian uprising, or The Great Revolt of 1648 (Subtelny, 123). Born about 1595, though the exact date and place is unknown, Khmelnytsky was the son of a minor Ukrainian nobleman named Mykhaylo Khmelnytsky. Mykhaylo served the royal Hetman Stanislaw Zolkiewski an