History Of Football

This essay has a total of 1065 words and 5 pages.

History Of Football

Sometime around 1050, Englishmen dug up a skull of a dane and started to kick it around in
frustration toward the daneIt became known as "Kicking the dane's head" .The skull began
to hurt the boy's feet, so a boy came up with the idea of using an inflated cow bladder to
help their feet(Tuttle, 13).

In 1189, King Henry banned the game, because people were too involved in the game to
practice archery and fighting for war(Tuttle, 13). During the 1500's the game shifted to
Ireland where people invented the Irish rules that made the game tougher. As the game
progressed it turned into soccer and rugby(Tuttle, 14).

On November 6, 1869, Princeton and Rutgers played the first college soccer game(Tuttle,
14). During the spring of 1871 a group of people at Harvard University made a game called
the "Boston Game", which was similar to rugby rules(Tuttle, 14).

On May 15, 1874, Harvard played McGill University, which was from Montreal. They played
with an egg-shaped ball instead of a round ball(Tuttle, 14). They played with 11 men
instead of 15, because 4 could not make the game.

In 1880, Walter Camp, Yale's rugby captain, created the line of scrimmage and other modern
football attributes to improve the game because it was too low scoring (Tuttle, 13). He
also changed the scoring system to: safety-1 point, touchdown-2, Point after touchdown-4,
and a field goal-3. He then changed the yards kneeded to gain a first down to 5 and used 3
downs(Tuttle, 16). Later coaches changed Camps' rules to rules we use now.

In 1919 the American Professional Football Association was made in Canton, Ohio(Treat,
23). It started out with 5 teams (Akron, Canton, Columbus, Dayton, and Rochester) (Treat,
23).

It cost twenty-five dollars to open a franchise(Treat, 23). The Chicago Bears and Green
Bay Packers joined the League in 1921 to make one of football's greatest rivalries. The
American Professional Football Association changed its name to the National Football
League (NFL) in 1922(Tuttle, 61). By 1923, there were 20 teams in the NFL(Treat, 34).
During the 1920's, mostly due to the depression, the NFL began to drop to only 12
teams(Treat, 35).

In order to make the scoring increase, the NFL made it legal to throw a forward pass in
1933(Encarta). The defense rushing the quarterback made it difficult to complete passes,
so the NFL invented a rule which would not allow the defense to rough the passer when he
does not have possession of the ball (roughing the passer) (Encarta). After passing became
effective the game became more enjoyable and attendance greatly increased

Since teams were not getting a fair amount of talent out of college, The NFL Draft was
built in 1936(Encarta). This allowed teams to take turns selecting players out of college.
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