History of Nazi Germany Essay

This essay has a total of 1221 words and 5 pages.

History of Nazi Germany


National Socialism between 1920 and 1945 can best be described as an era of constant
change. Hitler's enrollment in the German Worker's Party provided him the foundation
needed to propel his idealistic views of anti-Semitism and Aryan superiority. Soon after
Hitler's enrollment the party's name was changed to the National Socialist German Worker's
Party and in the summer of 1921 his talents as an orator and propagandist enabled him to
take over the leadership of the Nazi Party. Hitler's initial following - stemmed from
German hyper-inflation and devaluation of the mark - included unemployed workers and the
lower class, his keen ability to organize rallies to hear his speeches were instrumental
in raising monies for the Nazi Party. Although the majority of his followers shared his
dislike of the Weimar Republic's liberal democracy and anti-Semitic agenda, his party
support, due to it's small size, was limited to the Bavarian region of German, this would
prove to be a limiting factor when Hitler attempted to seize control of the provincial
Bavarian government during his Beer Hall Putsch in November 1923. Hitler's ill-fated
attempt of treason proved to work to his advantage; thus, giving him national status as a
patriot and a hero in the eyes of many. As a result, Hitler served 9 months in prison for
the Beer Hall Putsch and wrote a book titled Mein Kampf (My Struggle) outlining his vision
for the future Germany.


By late 1924 Hitler was release on parole, after serving a portion his five year sentence,
and quickly regained control of the Nazi Party, noting that any future seizure must come
by legal measures through Parliamentary elections.


Faced with a temporary improvement of the German economy by the Weimar Republic's ability
to secure loans and investments (mostly from America), Hitler was forced to wait until
economic conditions worsened to propel his Nazi agenda. In 1929 Hitler finally got his
chance, the American stock market crash of 1929 affected nearly every nation in the world
and German prosperity soon came to an end as a result of the Great Depression, vast
unemployment and hunger that followed. President Hindenburgís Weimar Republic soon found
itself obligated to repay debts owed to countries that once provided assistance during
times of prosperity. Discontented German people wanted change and Bruening (Chancellor)
believed that a stable parliament majority for his party could deliver the change
required, so new elections were held. Hitler acted immediately promising change for a
better Germany during his political speeches posthumously propelling the Nazi Party to
second in the Reichstag in the elections that followed. The Nazi Leaderís prominence grew
even further amongst the middle class, big businesses and the Army until Hitler finally
secured a shared government between the Nazis and the Nationalistsí and on January 1933,
President Hindenburg entrusted the chancellorship to Adolf Hitler. Hitlerís immediate
actions following his appointment to Chancellor were deceptive in nature; however, legal
according to the laws of Parliament which enabled him to hold various elections without
the presence of certain parties until ultimately he obtained full powers from the
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