Hobbes; Leviathan Essay

This essay has a total of 632 words and 3 pages.

Hobbes; Leviathan

Hobbes; Leviathan

Hobbes wrote the Leviathan and divided it into four different sections. For sake of
brevity, I will only discuss the second book in, which Hobbes discusses the Commonwealth.
He, like Rousseau, holds up the idea that the people of a society are better off by
joining the social contract, which all humans are unintentionally apart of. In Book II,
Hobbes asserts that there must be some form of leadership, which holds the people together
and keeps them from following their natural instincts to gain power and use it in a
malicious way. The contract only works because when a government is set up and laws are
put in place, there are punishments, which make the citizens afraid to act out of line,
thus making a more peaceful place for everyone.

The Leviathan comes from the Hebrew word for "sea monster" however; in Hobbes context it
is used as an allegory to represent something close to perfection. The Leviathan
represents the man or men, which form the perfect government that the people give up their
rights to be a part of. Hobbes calls the coming together of all the people, the
commonwealth, thus making it the most important. Without this commonwealth peace cannot be
achieved and civil war will continue. An analogy that Hobbes also uses is one, which makes
the soul of the body similar to the Leviathan i.e. the perfect government. Further into
the book, when he talks about liberty, he says that when the government stops looking out
for the people and providing for them, then they have lost their freedom. This is when the
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