Holocaust devil iN vienna Essay

This essay has a total of 2319 words and 11 pages.


holocaust devil iN vienna





The Holocaust. A subject most people would like to forget but shouldn't. People must find
out as much as possible about it so history won't repeat itself. Millions of Jewish men,
women, and children , of all strata were persecuted because of what? Nothing besides the
fact that they were Jewish. Most Jews living in Germany, Austria, Poland, France or
practically anywhere else in Europe were sent to concentration camps. There they were
either tortured or killed.

In The book Devil in Vienna, by Doris Orgel, Inge a young, intelligent Jewish girl is
faced with the same types of problems. Being Jewish at that time was no small problem.
Instead of worrying what to wear the next day, she would have to worry about whether or
not her family would be safe or taken to a concentration camp. Inge not only had to face
the problem of keeping her family together, she had to find a way to maintain a friendship
with her best friend Lieselotte. Lieselotteís father was a Nazi and forbade her to keep
any contact with Inge, but the two girls would always find a way to see or write to each
other even when things were rough. Inges father also began to disprove

of their friendship and pretty soon if either one were to mention the otherís name she
would be punished. Yet the girls refused to forget each other. One day Inge received the
news. She was to move away to Yugoslavia to escape Hitlerís regime. The girls promised to
never forget each other and they never did; even long after the war was over.

I think Doris Orgel did a wonderful job in portraying these girls as people who would
forget their differences and what others said in order to maintain a close bond. I think
She did this well because she lived in Austria at that same time and had to leave several
of her friends when she escaped to Yugoslavia.


If one were to look through the pages of a few holocaust books, they would be sickened and
would have to force themselves to continue. Horrorful accounts of genocide, abuse,
starvation, and death fill the pages of these books telling stories about the suffering of
Jews in concentration camps. Concentration camps were setup throughout Europe for one
single purpose: to get rid of Jews. Many of these camps were kept secret in order to keep
people from acting against them. The people who did know about the existence of these
camps most likely were not aware of the number of killings and the horrible living
conditions. Jews who were sent to concentration camps did not know what was coming to
them. Camp living conditions were atrocious. People sent to the camps were fed the very
bare minimum, never bathed, were frequently beaten, given the worst sleeping quarters, and
killed in mass numbers by carbon monoxide gassing, shooting and being cremated alive. The
people in charge of the camps were allowed to do anything they pleased, no matter how
violent and abusive. Often they would make Jews do embarrassing and painful things just
out of pure hatred, such as walk around naked, dig their own grave before being shot, and
work until they would die. It may not seem true, but it is all too real, and it was caused
almost single-handedly by Hitler.

Adolf Hitler, the man who was ultimately responsible for having thousands of Jews
executed, was born on April 20, 1889 in Austria-Hungary, one of five children from his
father's third marriage (three died during childhood).

He grew up in what we now call a "broken home". His father was a violent ill-tempered man
who would frequently resort to beatings to silence his children. His mother spoiled him
with material goods, maybe out of maternal anxiety. Although Hitler was never encouraged
to try his best, he was punished when he did not do well. This may explain why he acted
the way he did when he grew up.

Hitler did not do much better at school than he did at home. He was a poor student, not
because he wasn't intelligent but rather because he never applied himself. His teachers
often complained that he was lazy and disrespectful. In 1905, two years after the death of
his father, as his situation at home worsened, Hitler dropped out of school.

After leaving school Hitler would spend his days roaming around the streets and drawing
anything which sparked his interest. Eventually he met Kubizek, the man who would end up
being his only true friend. Kubizek recalled Hitler as a very disturbed young man with a
gentle caring side.

Hitler finally decided to apply to art school, but when he was not accepted there he fell
into a deep depression an began to plot revenge against anyone who had done any wrong to
him. He would go to anti-Semitic meetings in abandoned taverns and basements and
eventually became the president of one of those organizations.

Anti-Semitic organizations grew larger with time and before long Hitler got to run most
of them. Members of anti-Semitic organizations believed that Jews were bad and Germans
were good and would not stop at anything to carry out their beliefs. Hitler became totally
obsessed with anti-Semitism and although he said some outrageous things, for one reason or
anther people listened. Hitler had one main dream and that was to conquer the world
starting with his homeland, Austria.

Austria was once a peaceful country, with sweeping hillsides and quiet towns until one day
- the day Adolf Hitler rose to power in Germany. Soon he started invading neighboor
countries, and Austria was one of the first to feel its horrible effects. This however did
not happen suddenly and without warning. For several years the Austrian government was
slowly deteriorating as its socialist government was loosing its grip of power. The
Heimwehr, a fascist paramilitary organization was gaining strength and eventually took
over. After proposing a plebiscite in 1938, Kurt von Schuschnig was forced to resign by
Hitler, and all other political parties were abolished, except for the Fatherland Front.
The Anschluss (annexation) of Austria was completed on March 12, 1938, before the
plebiscite had a chance to take place. A Nazi government immediatly took over, and Austria
was divided into seven administrative districts. This was around the time the holocaust
began. In the meantime, the Austrian economy continued to move in a downward slope.
Austria remained occupied by Germany during the entire Second World War. In 1943, with
the Allies beginning to push the German army backwards, an independent Austria was
considered one their goals. The Moscow Declaration signed by the US, great Britain and
the USSR stated this principle. By early 1945 the Eastern part of Austria was liberated
by the Soviet army, with the Western part following a few months later. With the end of
World War II,

Austria became free of Nazism, independent, neutral and began to rise once again. Its
industry, which had totally collapsed as result of the war, was helped with funds from the
United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration, and the country started
prospering again.

While Skimming through a few research books, I came across a very startling fact. While
Jewish people were in concentration camps, they were forced to dig their own mass graves
then stand in front of it to get shot in the head and fall in the pit that they dug. Any
Jews who were chosen to live had to pick up corpses of dead people strewn about the camp
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