Homers Odessy Essay

This essay has a total of 883 words and 4 pages.

Homers Odessy





The Odyssey is the product of a society in which men played the dominant role. In ancient
Greece, just as in the whole of the ancient world, and in America and Western Europe until
the last century, women occupied a subservient position. Society was organized and
directed by men, and all of the most important enterprises were arranged and implemented
by men. Women were valued, but they participated in the affairs of the world only when
they had the tacit or open approval and permission of the men who directed their lives.

The literature of this sort of masculine society, of which the Odyssey is an example,
aptly illustrates these social conventions. The focus of the Odessy centers on traditional
interests of men; warfare, hunting, the problems of the warrior and ruler, and so forth.
That which would concern women, such as domestic affairs, is not involved in this
literature, or is dealt with only casually. Keeping in mind this important attribute of
epic poetry, which is the direct result of its social and intellectual environment, one
cannot help noting the great difference between the Odyssey and all other epic poems. No
other literary work of this period, or of a similar cultural background, gives such a
prominent position to women. No reader of the Odyssey can help having vivid memories of
the poem's outstanding female characters. There are many women in the Odyssey and all of
them contribute in mean-ingful ways to the development of the action. Furthermore, they
are treated seriously and with respect by the poet, as if there were no difference between
his attitude toward them and his feelings toward the chieftains for whom his epic was
composed. Among the memorable women in the poem are Nausicaa, the innocent young maiden;
Arete, the wise and benevolent queen and mother; Circe and Calypso, the sultry and
mysterious temptresses; Penelope, the ideal of marital devotion and fidelity; Helen, the
respectable middle-class matron with a past; and others, like Eurycleia and Mel-antho, who
have much smaller roles, but equally well defined personalities. Finally, there is Athene,
the goddess, who more than any other of these women, has the intelligence, sophistication,
and independence that the modern world expects of a woman.

The influential feminine strain in the Odyssey also has important effects upon the whole
flavor of the poem. Many other early epics are characterized by coldness, morbidity, and
brutality, caused by the subjects with which they deal. The virtues, such as courage and
martial prowess, which are seen in the Iliad are impressive, but they are undistinguished
and limited, for they exist in a world of masculine competition and warfare. It is only in
the Odyssey, among early Greek works, that such familiar ideas as love, family loyalty,
and devotion, and other such important ethical attitudes, are both illustrated and
advocated. It is the presence of these unconscious moral lessons that makes the Odyssey so
unique in its genre and produces its humanitarian and optimistic outlook.

The nature of the events described in the Odyssey and the character of Odysseus
Continues for 2 more pages >>




  • Signifance of Anthropology and Archaeology
    Signifance of Anthropology and Archaeology “The Significance of” “Anthropologists and Archaeologists” Anthropologists and archaeologists have influenced our lives in so many ways. They have taken us back to our most humble beginnings. They have given us an awareness of just how far we have come through the centuries. Archaeology is the investigating of life by unearthing and interpreting the objects left behind by earlier peoples and cultures, dating back to prehistoric times. Anthropology is th
  • CATS
    CATS Many people today have pets for pleasure and companionship. Nearly any animal can be a pet, such as hamsters, rabbits, birds, fish, frogs, horses, and even cats and dogs. Besides being a loving companion, pets serve many other purposes as in protecting homes, destroying vermin, and providing a means of transportation. The elderly and the childless couples can rely on a pet as an emotional outlet. In addition, pets can be kept for their beauty, rarity, or for the beautiful sounds that birds
  • Colonialism
    Colonialism The Tiger and The Virgin Colonialism has often spread to areas where it is economically valuable for the colonizer to develop. South America was one of these places. First came the Spanish for gold, then for rubber. As colonization took place two cultures met, thinking they were opposites, but in reality they were very much connected to one another, their histories were now tied together. In considering the question of how Indians have developed their healing practices and spiritual
  • The kafirs of kafiristan
    the kafirs of kafiristan THE KAFIRS OF KAFIRISTAN The land in the east of the Hindu-Kush range that lies between Pakistan and Afghanistan was called Kafiristan (the land of Kafirs), and there dwelled the Kafirs (the islamic word for "pagan") who rejected any conversion to Muslim and followed their own religion. Guarded by their geography and strength, it is assumed that 200 thousand Kafirs lived there. They drove away the armies of Timur (14C.), Akbar (16C.), Nadir-Shah (18C.), and were complete
  • Roman Colusseum
    Roman Colusseum Architecture of the ancient Roman Empire is considered one of the most impressive of all time. The city of Rome once was home to more than one million residents in the early centuries AD1. The Romans had a fine selection of building monuments in the city of Rome including the forums for civic services, temples of worship, and amphitheaters for recreation and play. The Romans made great use and pioneered great architecture mechanisms including arches, columns, and even mechanical
  • Shittyone
    shittyone Introduction I chose to report on the pantheon because I’ve seen pictures and I am also very fascinated by all the Roman monuments. I looked all around the internet and libraries. The Pantheon was very hard to find information about. It was very challenging but I found enough information to complete this report. This famous building stands in the business district of Romemuch as it was built some 18 centuries ago. Amazingly, it has withstood the ravages of both the elements and war per
  • Ayasofya
    ayasofya Architecture, the practice of building design and its resulting products; customary usage refers only to those designs and structures that are culturally significant. Architecture is to building as literature is to the printed word. Vitruvius, a 1st-century BC Roman, wrote encyclopedically about architecture, and the English poet Sir Henry Wotton was quoting him in his charmingly phrased dictum: "Well building hath three conditions: Commoditie, Firmenes, and Delight." More prosaically,
  • Baroque Art
    Baroque Art 12/10/99 World Cultures Baroque Art Essay During the Baroque period, new ideas and views of society and of religion spurred up. To express these new ideas many artists used the ideas of past artists to further expand their own motives. " If I have seen further (than you and Descartes), it is by standing upon the shoulders of Giants." Sir Isaac Newton, 1676 The artists of the baroque period were using past ideals as a ladder to the prevalent and the gallant. Four pieces of art that ex
  • Baroque Art
    Baroque Art 12/10/99 World Cultures Baroque Art Essay During the Baroque period, new ideas and views of society and of religion spurred up. To express these new ideas many artists used the ideas of past artists to further expand their own motives. " If I have seen further (than you and Descartes), it is by standing upon the shoulders of Giants." Sir Isaac Newton, 1676 The artists of the baroque period were using past ideals as a ladder to the prevalent and the gallant. Four pieces of art that ex
  • Botticellis Allegory of Spring
    Botticellis Allegory of Spring Botticelli’s Allegory of Spring The renaissance was a time of wonderful art, though one artist in particular stood out, that was Sandro Botticelli. This man created some of the most renowned pieces of art in European history; one great painting was Allegory of Spring. This mythological artwork was an amazing change from the normalcy of past times. Botticelli’s Allegory of Spring, painted in 1482, is one of the most remarkable and astounding pieces of renaissance ar
  • Egyptmexican Pyramids
    Egyptmexican Pyramids Mysteries of the Ancient World For many centuries people have been fascinated by ancient cultures and treasures. During the last two centuries the science of archeology and modern inventions allowed people to get inside of the Egyptian and Mayan pyramids and discover the treasures of Egyptian pharaohs and Mayan rulers. Most of what we know about Egypt we owe to the pyramids. Thanks to Egyptian belief in the afterlife we can now find out about the civilization that existed n
  • Roman art
    Roman art Romans were collectors and admirers of Greek art. Art from Greece was brought to Rome, copied, and also changed by the Romans. As a result, Roman art is somewhat based on Greek art. However, Roman art is not merely a continuation of Greek art. For an amateur it is difficult to determine between the two art forms because neither the Romans nor the Greeks wrote down the history of their own art. The characteristics pertaining to each particular type of art are known to some extent, so th
  • Roman collusiums
    roman collusiums Roman Coliseums By: Tim Kolton Architecture of the ancient Roman Empire is considered one of the most impressive of all time. The city of Rome once was home to more than one million residents in the early centuries AD1. The Romans had a fine selection of building monuments in the city of Rome including the forums for civic services, temples of worship, and amphitheaters for recreation and play. The Romans made great use and pioneered great architecture mechanisms including arche
  • Social trends in art
    social trends in art Art is something which can be analyzed to give deeper insight as to the common values and beliefs shared by the members of a certain society. Regardless of the place of origin or the time period of a form of art, it will always be a reflection of the social structure in which it\'s creator/s lived. However, the way the artist perceives the culture common to his time period is very relative. People pertaining to a higher social class had different values and ideologies than m
  • Women in greek art
    women in greek art Women in Greek history have had many roles. In Ancient Greece the mythological stories tell of very powerful women. Some archeological finds hint at the same suggestion. Women also represent some of the most powerful of deities. In the Classical Age women were subservient and primarily homebound. Women did the sewing, cooking, cleaning and raising of the children. In Hellenistic times women were becoming more a part of society yet still played the part of the subservient wife
  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph Waldo Emerson Introduction Ralph Waldo Emerson “…was truly one of our great geniuses” even though he may have a short biography (Hodgins 212). But as Emerson once said himself, “Great geniuses have the shortest biographies.” Emerson was also a major leader of “the philosophical movement of Transcendentalism”. (Encarta 1) Transcendentalism was belief in a higher reality than that found everyday life that a human can achieve. Biographical Information Emerson was born on May 25, 1803 in Bosto
  • Socrates
    Socrates SOCRATES THE PHILOSOPHER Socrates is a noteworthy and important historical figure as a philosopher, because of his and his pupils’ influence on the development of the philosophical world. His teachings, famous arguments, and ideas began the outgrowth of all later western philosophies. Born in 469 BC just outside of Athens, Socrates was brought up properly, and thoroughly educated. He was raised as most Athenians; developing both physical and mental strengths. Socrates then went on to le
  • Analysis of the Hounds of Tindalos
    Analysis of the Hounds of Tindalos Textual Analysis The Hounds of Tindalos The Hounds of Tindalos is a short science fiction story containing many and varied elements that have been long associated with the genre of science fiction. This essay will identify these elements, examining their placement within this short text and also the interchange of these elements with the characteristics of other genres, more specifically, horror. Belknap Long, the author, was clearly intent of incorporating the
  • The slaughter house five
    The slaughter house five THE NOVEL - THE PLOT - Billy Pilgrim, like Kurt Vonnegut, was an American soldier in Europe in the last year of World War II. If you come to know a combat veteran well- a veteran of that war, of the Korean War, or of the war in Vietnam- you will almost always find that his war experience was the single most important event in his life. The sights and scars of war remain with the soldier for the rest of his days, and his memories of death and killing help to shape whateve
  • TRADE AND BARTER IN ANCIENT GREECE
    TRADE AND BARTER IN ANCIENT GREECE TRADE AND BARTER IN ANCIENT GREECE: -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- When we discuss the economics of the ancient world, we must be careful not to use the formal Economics which we employ in analyzing our own society, since Economics is a function of the way a society runs, not the set of rules under which a given society operates. We cannot remove ourselves from awareness of the economic disciplines which our sch
  • Education
    education Both entertainment and education have been integrals parts of the human experience since the beginnings of time. Many scholars insist that the two institutions often serve jointly, with entertainers and entertainment serving as a main source of education. There is little argument, then, that in addition to generally appealing to the masses, entertainers have regularly fulfilled the role of a teacher to typically unsuspecting audiences. Entertainers have served as educators throughout h
  • Religions
    Religions The formation of our modern American School System has been heavily influenced by the religious views of our predecessors, the colonial settlers of New England. The general interest of settlers in their children’s ability to read, their establishment of elementary and secondary grammar schools, and the founding of colleges and universities were all religiously motivated advances in early American education. While the twentieth century has brought about a separation between church and s
  • Religions Influence on the American School System
    Religions Influence on the American School System The formation of our modern American School System has been heavily influenced by the religious views of our predecessors, the colonial settlers of New England. The general interest of settlers in their children’s ability to read, their establishment of elementary and secondary grammar schools, and the founding of colleges and universities were all religiously motivated advances in early American education. While the twentieth century has brought
  • Role of Entertainers as Educators
    Role of Entertainers as Educators Both entertainment and education have been integrals parts of the human experience since the beginnings of time. Many scholars insist that the two institutions often serve jointly, with entertainers and entertainment serving as a main source of education. There is little argument, then, that in addition to generally appealing to the masses, entertainers have regularly fulfilled the role of a teacher to typically unsuspecting audiences. Entertainers have served a
  • Role of Entertainers as Educators1
    Role of Entertainers as Educators1 Both entertainment and education have been integrals parts of the human experience since the beginnings of time. Many scholars insist that the two institutions often serve jointly, with entertainers and entertainment serving as a main source of education. There is little argument, then, that in addition to generally appealing to the masses, entertainers have regularly fulfilled the role of a teacher to typically unsuspecting audiences. Entertainers have served
  • Analysis Augustus of Prima Porta
    Analysis Augustus of Prima Porta Since its discovery on 20 April 1963, the sculpture Augustus of Prima Porta (fig. 1) has been the subject of much scholarly discussion. Found in a rural villa near Prima Porta (fig. 2), the statue has resulted in an almost unparalleled generation of literature.1 The marble sculpture is probably a copy of a now-lost bronze statue which was made shortly after 22 BC—the exact location for this original has been a question of speculation; the sanctuary of Athena at P
  • Antigone4
    Antigone4 In Ancient Greece, new ideals surfaced as answers to life\'s complicated questions. These new beliefs were centered around the expanding field of science. Man was focused on more than the Gods or heavenly concerns. A government that was ruled by the people was suggested as opposed to a monarchy that had existed for many years. Freedom of religion was encouraged to be exercised in city-states. These new ideals, though good in intentions, often conflicted with each other creating complex
  • Herodotus and Rhampsinitus and the Thief
    Herodotus and Rhampsinitus and the Thief Herodotus and ‘Rhampsinitus and the Thief’ BY: Layla Brown Herodotus, the first Greek historian, has been called by some "the father of history" and by others "the father of lies." Born in 485 B.C to a wealthy family at Halicarnassus, in Asia Minor, he was exiled to Samos soon after his birth because of his family’s opposition to the Persian domination of Ionia. During his youth, he traveled widely, studying the manners, customs, and religions of the peop
  • Life at age 23
    life at age 23 How America should react to homosexuals? How America should react to homosexuals Many experts agree that homosexuality has existed as long as human beings themselves, although the attitude towards them has undergone dramatic changes in some countries. Accepted by many societies during Greek and Roman era, most of the time homosexuals were considered to be sinners against nature and even criminals. In Medieval and modern periods homosexuals were prosecuted. Enlightenment brought so
  • The human and the divine
    the human and the divine 1) Introduction Through out history, as man progressed from a primitive animal to a "human being" capable of thought and reason, mankind has had to throw questions about the meaning of our own existence to ourselves. Out of those trail of thoughts appeared religion, art, and philosophy, the fundamental process of questioning about existence. Who we are, how we came to be, where we are going, what the most ideal state is....... All these questions had to be asked and if n
  • Euthanasia
    Euthanasia The word euthanasia is derived from the Greek word "eu" for good and "thantos" which means death and originally referred to intentional mercy killing. But the word it euthanasia has acquired a more complex meaning in modern times. Proponents of euthanasia believe that a dying patient has the right to end their suffering and leave the world in a dignified manner. Those who contest euthanasia believe that man does not have the right to end another person\'s life no matter what pain they
  • Alexander the Great
    Alexander the Great Introduction Alexander III, more commonly known as Alexander the Great, was one of the greatest military leaders in world history. He was born in Pella, Macedonia, then a Greek nation. The exact date of his birth is uncertain, but was probably either July 20 or 26, 356 B.C. Alexander was considered a child from his birth until 341 B.C. His princehood lasted from 340 to 336 B.C. In 336 B.C. Philip II, his father, was assassinated, thus making Alexander king. Alexander became a
  • Builders pf great Rome
    Builders pf great Rome HIS101 Builders of a Beautiful Kingdom The Ancient Roman culture had a direct impact on how we view art, literature, architecture, education and religion. Early Roman civilizations were very sophisticated and idealistic. They build great architectural buildings and performed famous playwrights at these ancient places. Romans were considered to most advanced civilization of their time. With beautiful statues, well designed buildings, and some of the greatest philosophers ca
  • Christianity in constantinople
    christianity in constantinople The Emperor Constantine I was the sole ruler of the Roman world between 324 and 337 C.E. His reign was likely the most crucial of all the Roman emperors in determining the future course of western civilization. Constantine began the process of making Christianity the religious foundation of Europe. Also, his Constantinople replaced the city of Rome as the center of imperial power. This set the stage for the occurrences of the Middle Ages. His philosophical view of
  • European History 622 Justinian
    European History 622 Justinian 1. Justinians court was much like the Easterns rule; the subjects were spaced from the rulers in space, dress and obedience. The laws were in Latin, even though the common language was Greek. 2. · 622- Heraclius opened a successful attack on the Persians. · 628- At Ctesiphon a peace treat was signed in favor of Heraclius · 632- Muhammads followers conquered and ran the Empire. · 717-718- Leo III beat back Muslim attack on Constantinople. 3. Iconoclastic policy u
  • Greek history
    Greek history Classical Studies (OFC304C) Skills Practice Task Short Answers 1) The sources for ancient history are divided into four categories. Name each of them, and briefly describe two of those categories. „h Archaeology: Archaeology is the science or study of history derived from the evidence of the relics and remains of early human cultures as discovered chiefly by systematic excavations. The Oxford Classical dictionary defines archaeology as the study of the whole material culture. By
  • Greek Mythology
    Greek Mythology In order to explain certain natural events, such as earthquakes, windstorms, and thunder and lightning storms, The Greeks invented a collection of myths and characters. Just as with most modern religions, Greek Mythology bases most of it’s myths on morality and ethics issues. Unlike Egyptian Mythology, the Greeks did not focus on what was going to happen in their afterlife. They were more concerned with the here and now. There was no written special commandments in Greek Mytholog
  • Greeks
    Greeks People from all different regions of the earth talk about “the Greek miracle.” A period in time when a new outlook on the world came about. A common phrase in used to describe this “Old things are passed away; behold all things are become new”(Hamilton 78). Why it happened, or when, people have no idea. The only conclusion people can make from this would be a new point of view dawned; new ideas were brought forth never thought of before them. With this new miracle mankind became the cente
  • IDs 575661
    IDs 575661 1. Heraclius ID: Heraclius was born in Cappadocia, in Anatotlia, somewhere around 575. In 610, his father, the governor of Carthage (Africa), sent him to Constantinople to overthrow the tyrant Phocas. This venture was successful and Heraclius was proclaimed emperor on October 5, 610 Sig: Heraclius had to begin his reign by recovering much of his empire from the Persians. He also had to reorganize the government and the army. Heraclius brought efficiency into the government and restore
  • The Enlightenment
    The Enlightenment The Enlightenment The Age of Enlightenment was a period that took place after the Renaissance and is characterized by profound changes in mind and attitude of many Europeans. For centuries before, the Roman Catholic Church was a dominant force in society. People believed that by accepting the hardships there were in life, and devoting themselves to God, they could expect a better afterlife. However, at the start of the Renaissance, people began to question the ideas of Christia
  • The Renaissance
    The Renaissance The Renaissance The renaissance first appeared in the Italian city states because of the similarity between their language and the Latin language. Humanism used classical works to improve speaking and writing skills; therefor the Italians had a great advantage. More manuscripts were made available for the Italians, which led to the production of more intellectual leaders. The writing and speaking skills of humanism was soon demanded at the princely courts. Humanism transformed ar
  • Cleopatra
    Cleopatra Cleopatra Cleopatra was queen of Egypt, last ruler of the dynasty founded by Ptolemy, a Macedonian general of Alexander the Great, who took Egypt as his share in dividing Alexander’s empire. Her capital, Alexander, founded by Alexander the Great, was the center of Hellenistic Greek culture of the world at that time, as well as a great commercial center. Although she imagined as a “beautiful and glamorous woman today, she was not very attractively depicted on ancient coins, having a lon
  • Roe vs wade
    roe vs wade Roe Vs Wade, the decision. 1. The requirements of the Constitution. Any analysis of Roe Vs Wade must be accomplished within the language of the Constitution. Under the American Constitution the state is obligated to exercise its powers with extreme deference to the rights of the individual. Certain of these rights are so crucial to the establishment and maintenance of a free society that special amendments, i.e. the Bill of Rights, were added to the Constitution to specifically stay
  • A HISTORIOGRAPHY OF
    A HISTORIOGRAPHY OF A HISTORIOGRAPHY OF ROGER SHERMAN LOOMIS The tales of the Arthurian legend are some of the most popular from medieval times, and the reason for this is primarily due to their fabulous nature. In them are the exploits of heroes and the machinations of villains, the workings of sorcerers and the existence of magical objects. They embody the noble themes of chivalry and sacrifice, as well as those of revenge and evil. Action, violence, and sex are all included, and as shall be s
  • Ancient Egyptian
    Ancient Egyptian Ancient Egyptian Egyptian creation stories tell of several variations of how the world was composed. According to one variation, the ocean was the only thing in existence. Then the sun, Ra, came out of an egg (or a flower in some versions) that appeared on the surface of the water. Ra created four children. They were the gods Shu and Geb and the goddesses Tefnut and Nut. Shu and Tefnut became the air, who stood on Geb, the earth, and held up Nut, who became the sky. Ra ruled ove
  • Ancient governmental standards
    ancient governmental standards Governmental Techniques in the Ancient World Throughout history, many techniques have been used for organizing society. Experimentation with different styles primarily took place in the ancient Mediterranean world. Athenian democracy, Hebrew temple state, Hellenic city-states, Hellenistic kingdoms, the Roman Republic, and the Christian Roman Empire were all major forms of governance, each with their own strengths and weaknesses. To determine which of these forms wa
  • Byzantine Empire
    Byzantine Empire The greatest of medieval civilizations was the Eastern Roman Empire. The Roman Empire was divided in 395. The Western half, ruled from Rome, was ruled by the barbarians in the 5th century. The Eastern half, known as the Byzantine Empire, lasted for more than over 1,000 years. The Byzantine Empire was one of the leading civilizations in the world. In 324, Constantine, the first Christian emperor, became the single ruler of the Roman Empire. He set up his Eastern headquarters at t
  • Cicero
    Cicero Cicero, was truly a man of the state. His writings also show us he was equally a man of philosophical temperament and affluence. Yet at times these two forces within Cicero clash and contradict with the early stoic teachings. Cicero gradually adopted the stoic lifestyle but not altogether entirely, and this is somewhat due to the fact of what it was like to be a roman of the time. The morals of everyday Rome conflicted with some of the stoic ideals that were set by early stoicism. Thus, C
  • COSTANTINE
    COSTANTINE HECTOR MERCEDES HISTORY 101-003 PROFFESOR RICHARD GREEN COSTANTINE/BYZANTINE CULTURE MAY 11, 2000 The Byzantine Empire was the eastern part of the Roman Empire, which survived the destruction of the western empire. Constantinople, which is now Istanbul, Turkey, was the capital city. Constantinople became the capital of the Roman Empire in the year 330 A.D. after Constantine the Great founded the city and re-named it after himself. Little by little Constantinople became the true capita
  • Darius I The Great Reign
    Darius I The Great Reign Darius I “The Great Reign” Arrogant, powerful, wise, heroic, conqueror, and a superior leader are a few words that describe Darius’s I reign and the life that he lived. Darius I is one of the greatest leaders of any nation to ever live. Darius was always well dressed; he was clearly distinguishable from others by his gold scepter, long square beard, fancy jewelry, and a high flat-topped tiara. He wore robes of purple embroidered in gold, fine crimson trousers, and boots.