HopeThe Sun Also Rises Essay

This essay has a total of 976 words and 4 pages.


hopeThe Sun Also Rises





Hope
WWI consumed the lives of millions. Those who lived through the war may have had only
minor physical injuries or perhaps they were lucky enough to get away unharmed, but all of
those who went home in the 1920s had lost an important feature in their life which was the
importance of hope. The lack of hope hurt all the characters who experience the war in
one way or another. Which, led to love being an empty word to the affected characters.
These affected characters search for happiness in sex and in drunkenness and in
superficial human relationships for the fulfillment that they were missing. Robert Cohn
was about the only one who showed some kind of hope, but this hope seemed to bother the
other characters. Of course the hope that Cohn demonstrated was that of hoping for some
kind of respond from Brett.

Robert Cohn was probably not even capable of truly being in love. He had severe
self-esteem problems in college. "He took it out in boxing, and he came out of Princeton
with painful self-consciousness and the flattened nose, and was married to the first girl
who was nice to him."(4) Cohn was looking for love and thought he could find it in a girl
who would care for him. All of the characters seem to be dealing with this same issue.
Cohn, however, dealt with his problems in a different way. "He cared nothing for boxing,
in fact he disliked it, but he learned it painfully and thoroughly to counteract the
feeling of inferiority and shyness he felt on being treated as a Jew at Princeton."(3)
Cohn was willing to work and suffer physically to try to gain back some of what he wanted,
which was acceptance and love. The others tried to simply escape their problems in sex,
alcohol, work, or fishing. Cohn believed that true love existed, but he had never known
it. "For four years his horizon had been absolutely limited to his wife. For three years,
or almost three years, he had never seen beyond Frances. I am sure he had never been in
love in his life."(8)

Robert Cohn had two rather lengthy relationships, both three years or longer. He did not
fall in and out of love as quickly as the others. Brett thought she was in love with
Romero only after seeing him from afar in the ring two or three times. Cohn, however, fell
in love with Brett or so he thought and was willing to follow her around like a puppy as
long as it would take to get her back. Even though she was married and engaged to get
married again, he continued to pursue her. The others could not understand this
willingness to wait, and could not get used to or rather were affected by the hope he
showed. Mike expressed what they thought of it in an offensive manner. "Tell me, Robert.
Why do you follow Brett around like a poor bloody steer? Don't you know you're not wanted?
I know when I'm not wanted. Why don't you know when you're not wanted? You came down to
San Sebastian where you weren't wanted, and followed Brett around like a bloody steer. Do
Continues for 2 more pages >>




  • Aztec Culture
    Aztec Culture Aztec Nation By: DJ XTC The Aztec Nation A distant sound is heard. It sounds like a deep drum being hit with a heavy instrument. You hear it again and strain your eyes in the direction of the sound. All around you is dense jungle. Snakes slither between your legs. You hear the sound once again. In front of you is a dense stand of ferns. You part them and look down into a wide open valley. The valley gets so wide and it is so green that it takes your breath away. But that is not wha
  • Aztec Culture1
    Aztec Culture1 Aztec Nation By: DJ XTC The Aztec Nation A distant sound is heard. It sounds like a deep drum being hit with a heavy instrument. You hear it again and strain your eyes in the direction of the sound. All around you is dense jungle. Snakes slither between your legs. You hear the sound once again. In front of you is a dense stand of ferns. You part them and look down into a wide open valley. The valley gets so wide and it is so green that it takes your breath away. But that is not wh
  • Shittyone
    shittyone Introduction I chose to report on the pantheon because I’ve seen pictures and I am also very fascinated by all the Roman monuments. I looked all around the internet and libraries. The Pantheon was very hard to find information about. It was very challenging but I found enough information to complete this report. This famous building stands in the business district of Romemuch as it was built some 18 centuries ago. Amazingly, it has withstood the ravages of both the elements and war per
  • Ayasofya
    ayasofya Architecture, the practice of building design and its resulting products; customary usage refers only to those designs and structures that are culturally significant. Architecture is to building as literature is to the printed word. Vitruvius, a 1st-century BC Roman, wrote encyclopedically about architecture, and the English poet Sir Henry Wotton was quoting him in his charmingly phrased dictum: "Well building hath three conditions: Commoditie, Firmenes, and Delight." More prosaically,
  • King tuts tomb
    king tuts tomb What does the tomb of tutankhamen and its contents show about the Egyptian concern for the afterlife? Tutakhamen\'s tomb, and the artifacts inside are an indication of the concern the Ancient Egyptians held for the after-life of their king. In 26th Nov. 1922, the English archaeologist Howard Carter opened the virtually intact tomb of a largely unknown pharaoh: Tutankhamen. This was the first, and to date the finest royal tomb found virtually intact in the history of Egyptology. It
  • Tutankhamen as a Teacher
    Tutankhamen as a Teacher Tutankhamen as a Teacher What does the tomb of Tutankhamen and its contents show about the Egyptian concern for the afterlife? Tutakhamen\'s tomb, and the artifacts inside are an indication of the concern the Ancient Egyptians held for the after-life of their king. On the 26th of Nov. 1922, the English archaeologist Howard Carter opened the virtually intact tomb of a largely unknown pharaoh, Tutankhamen. This was the first, and the finest royal tomb found in the history
  • Flying tired
    flying tired CHAPTER I Introduction Pilots today are working in a 24-hour a day industry. The potential for error when working during the night is higher than working during the day. Humans have an internal clock that prefers you sleep at night; so working at night is a valid safety issue. Pilots today should be considered as shift workers, their schedules can be from early morning one day until the early morning of the next day and any combination in between. The fact that they deal with weathe
  • Ernest Hemmingway
    Ernest Hemmingway Ernest Miller Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899, in Oak Park, Illinois. His father was the owner of a prosperous real estate business. His father, Dr. Hemingway, imparted to Ernest the importance of appearances, especially in public. Dr. Hemingway invented surgical forceps for which he would not accept money. He believed that one should not profit from something important for the good of mankind. Ernest\'s father, a man of high ideals, was very strict and censored the books h
  • Research Paper on Ernest Hemingway
    Research Paper on Ernest Hemingway “There are some things which cannot be learned quickly, and time, which is all we have, must be paid heavily for their acquiring. They are the simplest things, and because it takes a man’s life to know them, the little now that each man gets from life, is very costly and the only heritage he has to leave.” Ernest Hemingway Ernest Miller “Papa” Hemingway Ernest Hemingway is easily reconized by many scholars and outdoorsman because of his lifestyle. During his li
  • Hemingways Parallel between Style and Theme
    Hemingways Parallel between Style and Theme In The Sun Also Rises, Ernest Hemingway uses his unique writing style to strengthen the themes expressed in the novel. Throughout the narrative, it is clear that Jake Barnes and his friends do not have much to hang onto; however, on various occasions, the reader can easily see that Jake truly admires good style and technique regardless of the context. Whether he is describing the "how-to\'s" of getting rid of a friend, the best way to fish in Burguete,
  • Something Wickid this way comes
    Something Wickid this way comes Alex Kaznica Monday, July 30, 2000 Before Reading Process of selecting this book I use processes that are most common among my peers to select my books. I usually have one of my parental units, usually my mom, to go out and look for books. This is the way it happens because up until now I had no mode of transportation. I have faith in my mother to make a good choice; she usually does, for she knows most of my likes and most of my dislikes. This is how it’s been fo
  • System Details
    System Details Fiesta the Sun Also Rises by Hemingway The Sun Also Rises: Hemingway\'s depiction of the traditional hero The Hemingway Hero Prevalent among many of Ernest Hemingway’s novels is the concept popularly known as the “Hemingway hero”, an ideal character readily accepted by American readers as a “man’s man”. In The Sun Also Rises, four different men are compared and contrasted as they engage in some form of relationship with Lady Brett Ashley, a near-nymphomaniac Englishwoman who indul
  • Circle Of Live
    Circle Of Live Circle of Light, Circle of Love When I am in our sun room with its circle of glass to the outside world, I feel embraced by all my loves. I can swim in the solitude, delight in nature’s many changes, and share all moods with my friends and animals. In summer the open windows allow the screens to filter in warm breezes and sunlight. They also let in the angry chattering of feisty squirrels and the high-pitched chirping of the birds as they congregate at the feeder or perch on nearb
  • Aristole and Meteorology
    Aristole and Meteorology Thesis: How accurate or inaccurate were Aristotle’s writings on meteorology? Introduction: Aristotle wrote about many subjects that can be grouped into five general divisions: logic, physical works, psychological works, natural history works, and philosophical works. One of the little known physical works concerned meteorology. Aristotle’s views on meteorology are fascinating, but many of the views were not accurate. This paper compares only a few of his views to actual
  • As i lie dying
    as i lie dying Addie Bundren - As the matriarch of the Bundren family, Addie is the absent protagonist of the novel. A former schoolteacher, she married Anse Bundren after a brief courtship and bore him four children: Cash, Darl, Dewey Dell and Vardaman. As the result of an affair with Whitfield, Addie is also mother to an illegitimate child, Jewel. At the outset of the novel, Addie is gravely ill, and dies soon thereafter. Her dying wish to be buried with her relatives in Jefferson, the capital
  • Dracule
    Dracule Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good. – Romans. XII. 21 Evil often triumphs, but never conquers. – Joseph Roux The two quotations from above explain that evil never conquers because good always overcomes it. A good example of this is the book Dracula by Bram Stoker because the author expresses the nature of good vs. evil. Dracula wants to come to London because he wants to turn everyone into vampires. The basic background of the book Dracula is when Jonathan Harker, a rea
  • Ernest hemingway
    ernest hemingway Ernest Hemingway Ernest Miller Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899, in Oak Park, Illinois. His father was the owner of a prosperous real estate business. His father, Dr. Hemingway, imparted to Ernest the importance of appearances, especially in public. Dr. Hemingway invented surgical forceps for which he would not accept money. He believed that one should not profit from something important for the good of mankind. Ernest\'s father, a man of high ideals, was very strict and cens
  • Ernest hemingway
    ernest hemingway Ernest Hemingway Ernest Miller Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899, in Oak Park, Illinois. His father was the owner of a prosperous real estate business. His father, Dr. Hemingway, imparted to Ernest the importance of appearances, especially in public. Dr. Hemingway invented surgical forceps for which he would not accept money. He believed that one should not profit from something important for the good of mankind. Ernest\'s father, a man of high ideals, was very strict and cens
  • Fond Memories of a Lost Moment in Time
    Fond Memories of a Lost Moment in Time It is curious that as children, humans have the ability to observe and remember details of specific situations and instances yet lack the ability to describe them. Truman Capote, as a grown man, took advantage of his vivid memories and composed the short work, “A Christmas Memory.” The story begins in late November, a month symbolic of all the years gone by that Capote could remember beginning preparations for Christmas fruitcakes. The year he has chosen, t
  • Hemingway1
    Hemingway1 Post a comment on this essay Read other users\' comments Print this essay New Essays | Popular Essays | Submit an Essay Index: Literature: Hemingway Earnest Hemingway\'s Works Ernest Miller Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899, in Oak Park, Illinois. His father was the owner of a prosperous real estate business. His father, Dr. Hemingway, imparted to Ernest the importance of appearances, especially in public. Dr. Hemingway invented surgical forceps for which he would not accept money.
  • Hemingway1
    Hemingway1 Post a comment on this essay Read other users\' comments Print this essay New Essays | Popular Essays | Submit an Essay Index: Literature: Hemingway Earnest Hemingway\'s Works Ernest Miller Hemingway was born on July 21, 1899, in Oak Park, Illinois. His father was the owner of a prosperous real estate business. His father, Dr. Hemingway, imparted to Ernest the importance of appearances, especially in public. Dr. Hemingway invented surgical forceps for which he would not accept money.
  • Hemingways Man
    Hemingways Man Madam Adam: Hemingways exploration of Man in The Sun Also Rises Its really an awfully simple operation, Jig, the man said. Its not really an operation at all. Much of Hemingways body of work grows from issues of male morality. In his concise, Hills Like White Elephants, a couple discusses getting an abortion while waiting for a train in a Spanish rail station bar. Years before Roe v. Wade, before the issues of abortion rights, mothers rights, and unborn childrens right
  • Hemmingway
    hemmingway Jan-Erik Saue English 352, Short Stories TTH 12:15 Final paper ERNEST HEMINGWAY (1899-1961) "You really ought to read more books - you know, those things that look like blocks but come apart on one side." F. Scott Fitzgerald, 1927 This is a paper about Ernest Hemingway\'s short stories The Snows of Kilimanjaro (1938?), Hills like White Elephants (1927), Cat in the Rain (1923?), The Killers (1927) and A Clean Well-Lighted Place (1933). However, to understand Hemingway and his short sto
  • Hemmingway1
    Hemmingway1 Ernest Hemmingway Jessica Sheeran Ernest Hemmingway was not only a great American writer but he was also a great showman. His shameless self-promotion made him a celebrity beyond the world of literature. Although his life was a normal one as a child, Hemmingway developed into a great writer and with that he got recognition from the world, which he traveled constantly. Despite his decent upbringing and success in life, in the later years of his life, he broke down and ended his life.
  • Hemmingway
    hemmingway Jan-Erik Saue English 352, Short Stories TTH 12:15 Final paper ERNEST HEMINGWAY (1899-1961) "You really ought to read more books - you know, those things that look like blocks but come apart on one side." F. Scott Fitzgerald, 1927 This is a paper about Ernest Hemingway\'s short stories The Snows of Kilimanjaro (1938?), Hills like White Elephants (1927), Cat in the Rain (1923?), The Killers (1927) and A Clean Well-Lighted Place (1933). However, to understand Hemingway and his short sto
  • Hemmingway1
    Hemmingway1 Ernest Hemmingway Jessica Sheeran Ernest Hemmingway was not only a great American writer but he was also a great showman. His shameless self-promotion made him a celebrity beyond the world of literature. Although his life was a normal one as a child, Hemmingway developed into a great writer and with that he got recognition from the world, which he traveled constantly. Despite his decent upbringing and success in life, in the later years of his life, he broke down and ended his life.
  • Owen Meany
    Owen Meany During a person’s lifetime, that person may embark upon many different types of journeys. In a piece of literature, the journey motif is a distinctive idea, or theme that is elaborated on. The main character, John Wheelwright, from John Irving’s, A Prayer for Owen Meany, and Jake Barnes, from Earnest Hemingway’s, The Sun Also Rises, both encounter a journey through the mental, physical, and emotional events in their lives. In these novels, the main characters recall their memories fro
  • Raisin In The Sun
    Raisin In The Sun A RAISIN IN THE SUN KEY LITERARY ELEMENTS SETTING The action of the play takes place in the poor South side of Chicago, sometime after World War II, probably around 1959. Most of the action takes place in the apartment of the Youngers, especially in the living/dining room and near the bathroom that they share with the Johnson family. Some of the action also takes place in the kitchen and in the two small bedrooms. The first bedroom is shared by Mama and her daughter, Beneatha;
  • Scarlet Letter Symbolism
    Scarlet Letter Symbolism Symbolism of The Scarlet Letter A symbol is a literary device which is employed to portray another object or individual. In the Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne, it is most often a tangible object he uses to represent an undefined idea, complex in scope and significance. More times than not, it represents reverent, profound, or virtuous concepts of merit. From the substitution of one idea or object for another, to creations as massive, complex, and perplexing as the
  • Soldier home
    Soldier home \'SOLDIER\'S HOME\': ANOTHER STORY OF A BROKEN HEART He knew he could never get through it all again. "Soldier\'s Home" "I don\'t want to go through that hell again." The Sun Also Rises In the works of Ernest Hemingway, that which is excluded is often as significant as that which is included; a hint is often as important and thought-provoking as an explicit statement. This is why we read and reread him. "Soldier\'s Home"is a prime example of this art of echo and indirection. Harold
  • Suicide Lurks Over the Horizon
    Suicide Lurks Over the Horizon Joe Smith Ms. Johnson Period 4 22 May 2000 Suicide Lurks Over the Horizon Many people say that Ernest Hemingway’s stature within the view of the public has only increased since his death, proving that his work has endured the test of time. In many minds of Americans who are familiar with Hemingway, he was a man of contrast and contradictions. Simply put, Americans have this theory of Hemingway because he stood for rugged individualism through his manly, brutish nat
  • The Great Gatsbysuper notes automatic A
    the Great Gatsbysuper notes automatic A Have you ever felt that there were two of you battling for control of the person you call yourself? Have you ever felt that you weren\'t quite sure which one you wanted to be in charge? All of us have at least two selves: one who wants to work hard, get good grades, and be successful; and one who would rather lie in the sun and listen to music and daydream. To understand F. Scott Fitzgerald, the man and the writer, you must begin with the idea of doublenes
  • The Mysterious Bending of Trees
    The Mysterious Bending of Trees "Birches," by Robert Frost, is an archetypical example of a Frost poem. Frost\'s poems are normally characterized by beautifully evocative descriptions of nature that form a very clear picture in the reader\'s mind. On first reading, many of his poems seem to be just a portrayal of events that occur in nature. However, there is normally another deeper meaning to the poem, mostly relating to the human condition. "Birches" seems at first reading to be a description
  • The Sun Also Rises
    The Sun Also Rises The Sun Also Rises People often mentally distance themselves from their peers do to flaws and irregularities that they may suffer from. In The Sun Also Rises Jake Barnes constantly seems to be distanced and un willing to accept the people and environment that he lives in. The impotence that Jake Barnes physically suffers from leads him to suffer from mental impotence regarding the reality of his actions and the environment in which he lives. Aside from Jakes own actions, this
  • The Sun Also Rises as it applies to the novel as a
    The Sun Also Rises as it applies to the novel as a whole Discuss the title The Sun Also Rises as it applies to the novel as a whole The novel The Sun Also Rises is set directly after World War I. This was a time of confusion for mankind. It can metaphorically be compared to the sun setting on people. People, in many parts of the world, had horrifying memories from the war, and this, naturally affected their lives both physically and psychologically. The generation following the war is often name
  • The Sun Also Rises1
    The Sun Also Rises1 The Hemingway Hero Prevalent among many of Ernest Hemingway\'s novels is the concept popularly known as the "Hemingway hero", an ideal character readily accepted by American readers as a "man\'s man". In The Sun Also Rises, four different men are compared and contrasted as they engage in some form of relationship with Lady Brett Ashley, a near-nymphomaniac Englishwoman who indulges in her passion for sex and control. Brett plans to marry her fiancee for superficial reasons, c
  • The Sun Also Rises
    The Sun Also Rises The Sun Also Rises People often mentally distance themselves from their peers do to flaws and irregularities that they may suffer from. In The Sun Also Rises Jake Barnes constantly seems to be distanced and un willing to accept the people and environment that he lives in. The impotence that Jake Barnes physically suffers from leads him to suffer from mental impotence regarding the reality of his actions and the environment in which he lives. Aside from Jakes own actions, this
  • The Sun Also Rises2
    The Sun Also Rises2 The Sun Also Rises - Response The Sun Also Rises [I cannot express to you how glad I am that I am taking this class. I am thoroughly enjoying Hemingway. The Sun Also Rises is one of the best books I\'ve read in quite a long time. For a while there, I was, for God knows what reason, taking Physics and Chemistry and Biology. It is really an adventure to be back with books and words and reading. I am also amazed that I never could read more of Him when it wasn\'t an assignment.
  • The Sun Also Rises3
    The Sun Also Rises3 The Sun Also Rises is a novel that depicts the “lost generation” of adults that live in the years following the Great War. These individuals have lost their belief in God and in the after-life. Because of their loss of touch with reality, they seemingly stumble through their lives, living for each day. The book centers around the Jake and Brett and their friends. These characters certainly live only for the day that is now. Through their actions and the situations that they c
  • The Sun Also Rises4
    The Sun Also Rises4 E Ernest Hemingway uses a male perspective to reflect his narrative throughout “The Sun Also Rises”. For the most part this novel centers on masculinity and the perfect male hero of the after-war period. Even though it is hard to see the “Hemingway hero” in the protagonist alone, the supporting characters bring out what Hemingway considers the “man’s man” qualities. L Lady Brett Ashley, the primary reason for the rivalry between three ex-patriots, Jake Barnes; Robert Cohn; Mi
  • Themes in The Sun Also Rises by Hemingway
    themes in The Sun Also Rises by Hemingway One theme that I found recurring throughout the novel, The Sun Also Rises by Ernest Hemingway, was love. Lady Brett Ashley was a beautiful woman who seemed to be irresistible to the men she became acquainted with. For example Robert Cohn, Bill Gorton, Pedro Romero, Mike Campbell, and last but not least Jake Barnes. Brett was ex¬ tremely vulnerable to the charm that various men in her life seemed to smother her with. Brett was not happy with her life or h
  • Globalwarming
    Globalwarming What happens when too much carbon dioxide gets omitted into the Earth’s atmosphere? The condition known as Global Warming occurs. Global Warming is the rising of the Earth’s surface temperature due to chemicals in the atmosphere. Global Warming has many threats on the climate and even the health of the people on this planet. Some of these threats include the altering of crop seasons and even effect the way organisms survive on the planet. The first thing I think I should discuss wh
  • Air pollution
    air pollution Factories and transportation depend on huge amounts of fuel--billions of tons of coal and oil are consumed around the world every year. When these fuels burn they introduce smoke and other, less visible, by-products into the atmosphere. Although wind and rain occasionally wash away the smoke given off by power plants and automobiles, the cumulative effect of air pollution poses a grave threat to humans and the environment. In many places smoke from factories and cars combines with
  • ECUADOR
    ECUADOR ECUADOR COUNTRY DESCRIPTION: Ecuador is a developing country. Travelers to the capital city of Quito may require some time to adjust to the altitude (close to 10,000 feet), which can adversely affect blood pressure, digestion and energy level. Tourist facilities are adequate, but vary in quality. Introduction Epithet after epithet was found too weak to convey to those who have not visited the intertropical regions, the sensations of delight which the mind experiences.--- Charles Darwin I
  • Nicaragua
    Nicaragua Have you ever wanted to go to a place during our winter season that is warm or hot most of the year? Well, most people choose Florida, or California. But, why not go out of the country this winter and try the largest country of Central America, Nicaragua. I did lots of research on Nicaragua, and I hope you learn as much as I did. To begin my report, I will give you some brief history. The first inhabitants of Nicaragua were the Nicaro Indians. This way of life was blended with Spanish
  • Nicaragua1
    Nicaragua1 Have you ever wanted to go to a place during our winter season that is warm or hot most of the year? Well, most people choose Florida, or California. But, why not go out of the country this winter and try the largest country of Central America, Nicaragua. I did lots of research on Nicaragua, and I hope you learn as much as I did. To begin my report, I will give you some brief history. The first inhabitants of Nicaragua were the Nicaro Indians. This way of life was blended with Spanish
  • Volcanoes
    Volcanoes Which are the biggest (tallest and largest volume) and smallest volcanoes on Earth? The island of Hawaii is probably the largest volcano on earth. From its base (on the floor of the Pacific Ocean) to the summit of Mauna Kea (about 13 000ft) is some 30 000ft i.e. higher than Everest. The island comprises several coalescing volcanoes including Mauna Loa, Mauna Kea and Kilauea. Mauna Loa alone has an estimated volume of 40 000km**3. It is impossible to say which is the smallest volcano si
  • Progressive Stuff
    Progressive Stuff TRUTH AND THE EVOLUTION OF THE PROFESSIONS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF \'TRUTH IN ADVERTISING\' AND \'TRUE AND FAIR\' FINANCIAL STATEMENTS IN NORTH AMERICA DURING THE PROGRESSIVE ERA Both advertisers and auditors wrestled with the truth of their text during the Progressive Era (1880-1940). Although in North America, advertisers adopted "truth in advertising" as a theme, auditors rejected "true and fair" as a description of financial statements. Auditors instead adopted the weaker s
  • Aztecs1
    Aztecs1 The Aztec Empire was a Native American state that ruled much of what is now Mexico from about 1427 until 1521, when the empire was conquered by the Spaniards. The empire represented the highest point in the development of the rich Aztec civilization that had begun more than a century earlier. At the height of their power, the Aztec controlled a region stretching from the Valley of Mexico in central Mexico east to the Gulf of Mexico and south to Guatemala. The Aztec built great cities and
  • Great Wall of China1
    Great Wall of China1 World Civilization II April 17, 1998 The Great Wall of China To the northwest and north of Beijing, a huge, serrated wall zigzags it\'s way to the east and west along the undulating mountains. This is the Great Wall, which is said to be visible from the moon. This massive wall has not only been one of the Ancient Seven Wonders of the World, but it has also been inspiration for many artists, and writers. The building of the Great Wall is one of the biggest tragedy’s, but thro