How many wolves are too many? Essay

This essay has a total of 798 words and 4 pages.

How many wolves are too many?


In 1922 the federal government passed a law that allowed wolves in Yellowstone National
Park to be hunted. In just four years later the last wolf was hunted. In 1995, the gray
wolf was reintroduced to the park. The government started off by introducing 31 wolves in
the Montana and Wyoming parts of the park. Now 116 wolves now live and more then 75 pups.

The controversy surrounding the reintroduction of the wolves are many from both sides.
Some local farmers are against it because some wolves hunt their animals. However, if the
farmers can prove their animal was attacked by a wolf, then the government would reimburse
them for the animals value. Another problem is that some taxpayers are against the
reintroduction because it cost them money to get the wolves back into the park. Another
issue for taxpayers is that they have to pay for the damage the wolves do to the farmer's
animals.

The pro for the reintroduction is the ecosystem is healthier. With the reintroduction, the
wolf hunts sick deer and elk. The weak are sorted out and the strong survive. The same
goes for the wolves. The wolves that are injured or have diseased cannot survive. When
they die scavengers get to eat their meat, which contributes to the ecosystem.

Another pro is more people come to Yellowstone National Park to see the wolves since they
were extinct for more then 30 years. According to the National Parks Conservation
Association, an average of 15,000 people see a wolf in Yellowstone a year. Douglas Smith,
who is doing research about the wolves, recording a wolf sighting for 135 straight days
from the park roads.

In other parks, the federal recovery program is going well. At Isle Royale National Park
in Michigan, wolf's population reached 29, which is the maximum number to survive in the
ecosystem. Those 29 wolves can easily live sustainable off the 210 square miles of land.
The state of Minnesota has more then 2,500 wolves living and roaming the lands.

There are many controversies surrounding the wolf protection policy. From the view of the
farmers who loss there live stock, I understand why they would not want the wolves
reintroduced to Yellowstone National Park or any place else. The problem I have with it is
how does the government find market value for a cow? Is it a flat rate? Many questions
surround the value of a cow or any other livestock.

Both con issues are related to each other. Money is taken out of the taxpayer's earnings
and is given to the farmers if they can prove a wolf attacked their animal. The argument
against this is that the money is coming out of the parks budget. However, if it comes out
of the budget, that same money could have been used to clean up the park, put picnic areas
in, and build campsites.

One pro issue is that it makes the ecosystem healthier. This is very true. If the wolves
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