How smart is Einstein? Essay

This essay has a total of 1660 words and 10 pages.

How smart is Einstein?

There is a parlor game physics students play: Who was the greater genius? Galileo or
Kepler? (Galileo) Maxwell or Bohr? (Maxwell, but it's closer than you might think).
Hawking or Heisenberg? (A no-brainer, whatever the best-seller lists might say. It's
Heisenberg). But there are two figures who are simply off the charts. Isaac Newton is one.
The other is Albert Einstein. If pressed, physicists give Newton pride of place, but it is
a photo finish -- and no one else is in the race.


Newton's claim is obvious. He created modern physics. His system described the behavior of
the entire cosmos -- and while others before him had invented grand schemes, Newton's was
different. His theories were mathematical, making specific predictions to be confirmed by
experiments in the real world. Little wonder that those after Newton called him lucky --
"for there is only one universe to discover, and he discovered it. "



But what of Einstein? Well, Einstein felt compelled to apologize to Newton. "Newton,
forgive me;" Einstein wrote in his Autobiographical Notes. "You found the only way which,
in your age, was just about possible for a man of highest thought and creative power."
Forgive him? For what? For replacing Newton's system with his own -- and, like Newton, for
putting his mark on virtually every branch of physics.



That's the difference. Young physicists who play the "who's smarter" game are really
asking, "how will I measure up?" Is there a shot to match -- if not Maxwell, then perhaps
Lorentz? But Einstein? Don't go there. Match this:




In 1905, Einstein is 26, a patent examiner, working on physics on his own. After hours, he
creates the Special Theory of Relativity, in which he demonstrates that measurements of
time and distance vary systematically as anything moves relative to anything else. Which
means that Newton was wrong. Space and time are not absolute -- and the relativistic
universe we inhabit is not the one Newton "discovered."


That's pretty good -- but one idea, however spectacular, does not make a demi-god. But now
add the rest of what Einstein did in 1905:



In March, Einstein creates the quantum theory of light, the idea that light exists as tiny
packets, or particles, that we now call photons. Alongside Max Planck's work on quanta of
heat, and Niels Bohr's later work on quanta of matter, Einstein's work anchors the most
shocking idea in twentieth century physics: we live in a quantum universe, one built out
of tiny, discrete chunks of energy and matter.



Next, in April and May, Einstein publishes two papers. In one he invents a new method of
counting and determining the size of the atoms or molecules in a given space and in the
other he explains the phenomenon of Brownian motion. The net result is a proof that atoms
actually exist -- still an issue at that time -- and the end to a millennia-old debate on
the fundamental nature of the chemical elements.



And then, in June, Einstein completes special relativity -- which adds a twist to the
story: Einstein's March paper treated light as particles, but special relativity sees
light as a continuous field of waves. Alice's Red Queen can accept many impossible things
before breakfast, but it takes a supremely confident mind to do so. Einstein, age 26, sees
light as wave and particle, picking the attribute he needs to confront each problem in
turn. Now that's tough.



And of course, Einstein isn't finished. Later in 1905 comes an extension of special
relativity in which Einstein proves that energy and matter are linked in the most famous
relationship in physics: E=mc2. (The energy content of a body is equal to the mass of the
body times the speed of light squared). At first, even Einstein does not grasp the full
implications of his formula, but even then he suggests that the heat produced by radium
could mark the conversion of tiny amounts of the mass of the radium salts into energy.


In sum -- an amazing outburst: Einstein's 1905 still evokes awe. Historians call it the
annus mirabilis, the miracle year. Einstein ranges from the smallest scale to the largest
(for special relativity is embodied in all motion throughout the universe), through
fundamental problems about the nature of energy, matter, motion, time and space--all the
while putting in forty hours a week at the patent office.



And that alone would have been enough to secure Einstein's reputation. But it is what
comes next that is almost more remarkable. After 1905, Einstein achieves what no one since
has equaled: a twenty year run at the cutting edge of physics. For all the miracles of his
miracle year, his best work is still to come:




In 1907, he confronts the problem of gravitation -- the same problem that Newton
confronted, and solved -- almost. Einstein begins his work with one crucial insight:
gravity and acceleration are equivalent, two facets of the same phenomenon. Where this
"principle of equivalence" will lead remains obscure, but to Einstein, it offers the first
hint of a theory that could supplant Newton's.



Before anyone else, Einstein recognizes the essential dualism in nature, the co-existence
of particles and waves at the level of quanta. In 1911 he declares resolving the quantum
issue to be the central problem of physics.



Even the minor works resonate. For example, in 1910, Einstein answers a basic question:
"Why is the sky blue?" His paper on the phenomenon called critical opalescence solves the
problem by examining the cumulative effect of the scattering of light by individual
Continues for 5 more pages >>




  • Albert Einstein
    Albert Einstein Albert Einstein Of all the scientists to emerge from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries there is one whose name is known by almost all living people. While most of these do not understand this man\'s work, everyone knows that its impact on the world of science is astonishing. Yes, many have heard of Albert Einstein\'s General Theory of relativity, but few know about the intriguing life that led this scientist to discover what some have called, "The greatest single achievement
  • Manhattan Project
    Manhattan Project Thesis: The research for the first Atomic bomb was done in the United States, by a group of the best scientists; this research was given the name of “The Manhattan Project”. On Monday July 16th, 1945, a countdown for the detonation of the first atomic bomb took place near Los Alamos, New Mexico. This atomic bomb testing would forever change the meaning of war. As the atomic bomb was detonated it sent shock-waves all over the world. There was endless research done on the bomb in
  • Roswell
    Roswell The Roswell Incident The Roswell Incident, which enlightened our minds to the capacity of excepting all, has remained one of the most controversial issues today. In Roswell, New Mexico, 1947, a strange occurrence arises. An alien craft from outer space crashed in an open field. The issue lay still for almost thirty years, until the thought of a government cover-up arose. SocietyÆs opinions have changed over the years. Previous to the 1990Æs, people have despised the thought of sharing th
  • Alber Einstein
    Alber Einstein Albert Einstein Albert Einstein was a famous scientist, writer and professor. He was born in Ulm, Germany, on March 24,1879. As a child, Einstein wasn\'t like the other boys: he hated school but loved math. He was shy, and talked very slowly. He didn\'t participate in sports but instead played with mechanical toys, put together jigsaw puzzles, built towers and studied nature. At school and home he would ask many questions and because of that everybody thought he was dumb. Once whe
  • Albert Eienstein
    Albert Eienstein ALBERT EINSTEIN The German-American physicist Albert EinsteiN, contributed more than any other scientist to the 20th-century . Born in the town of Ulm, Germany, Mar. 14, 1879, HE then later died in Princeton, N.J., Apr. 18, 1955. In the wake of World War I, Einstein\'s theories, especially his theory of relativity, seemed to many people to point to a pure quality of human thought, one far removed from the war and its aftermath. Seldom has a scientist received such public attenti
  • Albert Einstein
    Albert Einstein Albert Einstein Of all the scientists to emerge from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries there is one whose name is known by almost all living people. While most of these do not understand this mans work, everyone knows that its impact on the world of science is astonishing. Yes, many have heard of Albert Einsteins General Theory of relativity, but few know about the intriguing life that led this scientist to discover what some have called, "The greatest single achievement o
  • Albert Einstein1
    Albert Einstein1 Einstein Of all the scientists to emerge from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries there is one whose name is known by almost all living people. While most of these do not understand this man’s work, everyone knows that its impact on the world of science is astonishing. Yes, many have heard of Albert Einstein’s General Theory of relativity, but few know about the intriguing life that led this scientist to discover what some have called, "The greatest single achievement of huma
  • Albert Einstein2
    Albert Einstein2 Albert Einstein Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm. He was raised in Munich, where his family owned a small electrical machinery shop. Though he did not even begin to speak until he was three, he showed a great curiosity of nature and even taught himself Euclidean geometry at the age of 12. Albert despised school life, thinking it dull and boring, so when his family decided to move to Milan, Italy, Einstein took the opportunity to drop out of school, only 15 at th
  • Albert Einstein3
    Albert Einstein3 When many people hear the name Albert Einstein, they say, “Ooh what did he do, write a bunch of stuff on a chalkboard, prove to some scientists that he was right, and then star in a Pepsi commercial? Well, I’m here to tell you that he did much more than that, (even though I really like that Pepsi commercial.) Albert Einstein was born March 14, 1879 in Ulm, Württemberg, Germany. Albert began his extensive studies at a school in Munich. At Munich he pursued a career in Electrical
  • Albert Einstien
    Albert Einstien Men and Women of Science Albert Einstein Early Life Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany on Mar. 14, 1879. Einstein\'s parents, who were non observant Jews, moved from Ulm to Munich, Germany when Einstein was an infant. The family business was the manufacture of electrical parts. When the business failed, in 1894, the family moved to Milan, Italy. At this time Einstein decided officially to end his German citizenship. Within a year, still without having completed secondary school, E
  • Alberty Einstein
    Alberty Einstein ALBERT EINSTEIN Albert Einstein was one of the greatest scientists of all time. Best known as a physicist for developing his famous theory of relativity, Einstein was born on March 14, 1879, in Ulm, Württemberg, Germany. When he was five years old, his father showed him a pocket compass. Young Einstein was deeply impressed by the mysterious behavior of the compass needle, which kept pointing the same direction no matter which way the compass was turned. He later said he felt the
  • Einstein
    Einstein Albert Einstein Of all the scientists to emerge from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries there is one whose name is known by almost every person in the world. While most of these people do not understand his work, everyone knows that his impact on the world of science is amazing. Many people have heard of Albert Einstein’s General Theory of relativity, but not many people know of his life that led him to discover what scientists have called, “The greatest single achievement of human
  • Einstein1
    Einstein1 Albert Einstein, the great physicist and philosopher, was born in Germany 1879 in a Jewish family and his life must always be seen within the content of the provincial Swabian-folkways in a rural characteristic. Einstein’s character was so simple that people were astonished that he was able to deduce such complex theories. His childhood also shows contradictions about his failure in school and rejection to teachers. The world’s genius, Einstein, never settled down in one country nor ad
  • Einstein2
    Einstein2 In civilization there have been few individuals that leave a legacy of ideas that have impacted on society forever. Albert Einstein the German-born scientist was one of the gifted few. Despite being one of the greatest thinkers ever to grace the world with his presence, Einstein flunked out of grade school miserably (Poole). He was a terrible English student, because of his poor grammar skills (Poole). At one point a teacher actually told Einstein’s parents that he was mentally challen
  • Famous Quotes of Albert Einstein
    Famous Quotes of Albert Einstein "Great spirits have always encountered violent opposition from mediocre minds" "I do not know with what weapons World War 3 will be fought, but World War 4 will be fought with sticks and stones." "Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind." "God does not play dice with the universe." "Common sense is the collection of prejudices acquired by age 18." "Nothing will benefit human health and increase the chances for survival of life on Earth
  • Mahatma Gandhi
    Mahatma Gandhi I am purely amazed by the astonishing personal revolution by which a simple inarticulate man transformed himself into the Mahatma, who ushered the British Empire out of India without even firing a shot. In the age of Empire and Military might he proved that the powerless had power and that force of arms would never prevail against force of spirit. Based on all this, Mahatma Gandhi surely deserved an award, which spoke of his efforts, his fight for freedom and justice and all his o
  • The Lord of the Flies
    The Lord of the Flies William Golding uses much symbolism in his novel, The Lord of the Flies, to help readers gain a greater understanding of his message. He uses symbolism in three important areas: objects that have symbolic value as references to ideas, characters that symbolize important historical and religious people, and the setting which frames the conflicts on the island in comparison to the whole world. Objects are the first part of the story that are symbolic. Many objects in The Lord
  • The slaughter house five
    The slaughter house five THE NOVEL - THE PLOT - Billy Pilgrim, like Kurt Vonnegut, was an American soldier in Europe in the last year of World War II. If you come to know a combat veteran well- a veteran of that war, of the Korean War, or of the war in Vietnam- you will almost always find that his war experience was the single most important event in his life. The sights and scars of war remain with the soldier for the rest of his days, and his memories of death and killing help to shape whateve
  • Fgfgg
    fgfgg Purchasing a Small Business Outline I. Deciding to buy A. Why buy a small business? B. Starting out-the nine steps C. Initial details to consider 1. Are partners needed? 2. Economic factors 3. Is the location acceptable? 4. Tax strategy II. Where to start A. How much income is needed? B. The "Thirteen Steps" to acquiring a business III. Locating a potential purchase A. The Acquisition Plan B. Beginning the search-who can help? III. Negotiating a purchase price A. Valuation of a small busin
  • Purchasing A Small Business
    Purchasing A Small Business Purchasing a Small Business Financial Management for the Small Business Purchasing a Small Business Outline I. Deciding to buy A. Why buy a small business? B. Starting out-the nine steps C. Initial details to consider 1. Are partners needed? 2. Economic factors 3. Is the location acceptable? 4. Tax strategy II. Where to start A. How much income is needed? B. The "Thirteen Steps" to acquiring a business III. Locating a potential purchase A. The Acquisition Plan B. Begi
  • Ghandi
    ghandi Mahatma Gandhi Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in Porbandar, India, on October 2, 1869. Although his father was a chief minister for the maharaja of Porbandar, the family came from the traditional caste of grocers (the name Gandhi means "grocer"). His mother\'s religion was Jainism, a Hindu religion which ideas of nonviolence and vegetarianism are very important. Gandhi said that he was most influenced by his mother, whose life "was an endless chain of fasts and vows." When, in the co
  • Home Schoooling
    Home Schoooling Home schooling is an alternative to public education. It is a choice that many more parents are making today, and even more are projected to make by the year 2000. It is estimated that at the end of the year 2000 there will be 2,000,000 home schoolers in the United States (Gorder 1996). There are other alternatives to Public School education. Some examples are Catholic or Private schools or a privately hired tutor. There are many reasons why people home school their children. Rel
  • Artifical intelligence
    artifical intelligence Artificial Intelligence Artificial intelligence is a highly debatable topic. You either believe that it may be achieved or think it can\'t, and the middle is a little shady. Artificial Intelligence is the study to create a machine that can act like a human brain, including emotions, and consciousness. This speech will cover the subject of if it can ever be achieved and at what level. This would be a giant technological step. If it is ever achieved, everyday activities such
  • Hope this works
    hope this works Grendel & Frankenstein an analysis of the two "monsters" and their superiority to mankind. I saw a creature, naked, bestial, Who, squatting upon the ground, Held his heart in his hands, And ate of it. I said, "Is it good friend?" "It is bitter-bitter," he answered; "But I like it Because it is bitter And because it is my heart." -Stephen Crane This reflects how both Grendel and Frankenstein must have felt during their lonely lives. "Seeking friends, the fiends found enemies; seek
  • The Educated Man
    The Educated Man “The Educated Man” Period 2 John Henry Newman, the author of the essay entitled “The Educated Man” begins his essay in a way that was very contradictory to his times. He opens his essay boldly declaring that “A University is not a birthplace to poets or immortal authors, of founders of schools, leaders of colonies, or conquerors of nations.” In essence, what he is saying is that the university is not the birthplace of an educated man. This thought helps highlight his purpose for
  • 1st amendment rigths
    1st amendment rigths Albert Einstein Albert Einstein was a famous scientist, writer and professor. He was born in Ulm, Germany, on March 24,1879. As a child, Einstein wasn\'t like the other boys: he hated school but loved math. He was shy, and talked very slowly. He didn\'t participate in sports but instead played with mechanical toys, put together jigsaw puzzles, built towers and studied nature. At school and home he would ask many questions and because of that everybody thought he was dumb. On
  • Vegetarianism
    Vegetarianism “Nothing will benefit human health and increase the chances for survival of life on Earth as much as the evolution to a vegetarian diet.” –Albert Einstein What is Vegetarianism? Vegetarianism is the practice of not eating meat or some animal products, depending on the degree of vegetarianism. There are various types of vegetarianism, each with its own benefits, but also its own difficulties. The first of the three main types, and most common, is Ovo-lacto. Ovo-lacto vegetarians eat
  • Albert Eainstein
    Albert Eainstein ALBERT EINSTEIN This essay was found at www.screw-essays.com and should not be plagiarized. Of all the scientists to emerge from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries there is one whose name is known by almost all living people. While most of these do not understand this man\'s work, everyone knows that its impact on the world of science is astonishing. Yes, many have heard of Albert Einstein\'s General Theory of relativity, but few know about the intriguing life that led this
  • Albert Einstein
    Albert Einstein Albert Einstein Albert Einstein, a Jew by birth and one of the fathers of the atomic age, was born in 1879 in Ulm,Germany.After public school in Munich and Aarau, Switzerland, Einstein studied mathematics and physics at Swiss Polytechnic Institute in Zurich.In 1914 he assumed a professorship of physics in the University of Berlin. While he was visiting the United States in 1933, the Nazi government of Germany took his property, and divested him of his German citizenship.At this t
  • Atom bomb
    atom bomb When the atomic bomb went off over Hiroshima on Aug. 6th, 1945, 70,000 lives were ended in a flash. To the American people who were weary from the long and brutal war, such a drastic measure seemed a necessary, even righteous way to end the madness that was World War II. However, the madness had just begun. That August morning was the day that heralded the dawn of the nuclear age, and with it came more than just the loss of lives. According to Archibald MacLeish, a U.S. poet, "What hap
  • Atomic Bomb3
    Atomic Bomb3 Now imagine yourself for a while being in one of the following Japanese cities, Hiroshima or Nagasaki. You are having a normal day like always when suddenly you look up at the sky and see an airplane drop millions of papers warning you to get out of your city. The paper fliers tell you to leave your city because you are about to be bombed by a single bomb capable of destroying the entire city. You think it a joke so you do nothing as everyone else does. Three days pass and you are s
  • Einstein
    Einstein Albert Einstein, a German-American physicist, gave so much to this country. Einstein was born in Ulm on March 14, 1879, and spent his youth in Munich, where his family owned a small shop that manufactured electric machinery. He died in Princeton, April 18, 1955. When repeated business failure led the family to leave Germany for Milan, Italy, Einstein, who was then 15 years old, withdrew from the schools of Munich. He stayed a year with his parents in Milan, then left to finish secondary
  • Immigration
    immigration The Immigration Experience They are our grandparents, our relatives, our friends. They are the immigrants. They came from all over the world for many reasons, such as, religious persecution and racial tension, but the largest reason for coming to America was for freedom. The freedom to live where we want, to own property, to take part in the government and most importantly, the freedom to be treated like a human being. Coming over was extremely difficult. For some, there were good, s
  • Immigration to America
    Immigration to America The Immigration Experience They are our grandparents, our relatives, our friends. They are the immigrants. They came from all over the world for many reasons, such as, religious persecution and racial tension, but the largest reason for coming to America was for freedom. The freedom to live where we want, to own property, to take part in the government and most importantly, the freedom to be treated like a human being. Coming over was extremely difficult. For some, there w
  • Immigration
    immigration The Immigration Experience They are our grandparents, our relatives, our friends. They are the immigrants. They came from all over the world for many reasons, such as, religious persecution and racial tension, but the largest reason for coming to America was for freedom. The freedom to live where we want, to own property, to take part in the government and most importantly, the freedom to be treated like a human being. Coming over was extremely difficult. For some, there were good, s
  • Mahatten Project
    Mahatten Project Manhattan Project and the A-Bomb Just before the beginning of World War II, Albert Einstein wrote a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Urged by Hungarian-born physicists Leo Szilard, Eugene Wingner, and Edward Teller, Einstein told Roosevelt about Nazi German efforts to purify Uranium-235 which might be used to build an atomic bomb. Shortly after that the United States Government began work on the Manhattan Project. The Manhattan Project was the code name for the United
  • Manhattan Conspiracy
    Manhattan Conspiracy Thesis: The research for the first Atomic bomb was done in the United States, by a group of the best scientists; this research was given the name of “The Manhattan Project”. On Monday July 16th, 1945, a countdown for the detonation of the first atomic bomb took place near Los Alamos, New Mexico. This atomic bomb testing would forever change the meaning of war. As the atomic bomb was detonated it sent shock-waves all over the world. There was endless research done on the bomb
  • Manhattan Conspiracy1
    Manhattan Conspiracy1 Thesis: The research for the first Atomic bomb was done in the United States, by a group of the best scientists; this research was given the name of “The Manhattan Project”. On Monday July 16th, 1945, a countdown for the detonation of the first atomic bomb took place near Los Alamos, New Mexico. This atomic bomb testing would forever change the meaning of war. As the atomic bomb was detonated it sent shock-waves all over the world. There was endless research done on the bom
  • Manhattan Project
    Manhattan Project The Manhattan Project On Monday July 16th, 1945, a countdown for the detonation of the first atomic bomb took place near Los Alamos, New Mexico. This atomic bomb testing would forever change the meaning of war. As the atomic bomb was detonated it sent shockwaves all over the world. the endless research done on this bomb had a name and it was "The Manhattan Project." The Manhattan Project was brought by fear of Germany and it\'s atomic research. Next, was the people who were beh
  • Manhattan Project1
    Manhattan Project1 The Manhattan Project On the morning of August 6, 1945, a B-29 bomber named Enola Gay flew over the industrial city of Hiroshima, Japan and dropped the first atomic bomb ever. The city went up in flames caused by the immense power equal to about 20,000 tons of TNT. The project was a success. They were an unprecedented assemblage of civilian, and military scientific brain power—brilliant, intense, and young, the people that helped develop the bomb. Unknowingly they came to an i
  • Modernism
    Modernism . Introduction [ ] Print section [ ] Modern Art , painting, sculpture, and other forms of 20th-century art. Although scholars disagree as to precisely when the modern period began, they mostly use the term modern art to refer to art of the 20th century in Europe and the Americas, as well as in other regions under Western influence. The modern period has been a particularly innovative one. Among the 20th century\'s most important contributions to the history of art are the invention of
  • The Rise of Hitler
    The Rise of Hitler "The Rise of Hitler" I. Introduction Exactly how did Hitler come into power? What drove him to become the way he was? Why did he kill all those people? In this report, I’ll examine these questions and many others. II. The early years Hitler was born on April 20, 1889 at Branau am Inn in Austria-Hungary. He went by his mother\'s last name Schicklegruber until 1876 when he took the name Hitler. He spent much of his childhood in upper Austria linz. He had a terrible record in sch
  • What is war? Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary des
    ww2 What is war? Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary describes it as: “an armed clash between nations or factions in the same nation.” That’s how a dictionary describes it, but in fact, it is something much worse. War is the epitome of what is wrong with human nature. War is devastating. Perhaps no other war was as devastating as World War II. (1)“World War II killed more people, destroyed more property, disrupted more lives, and had more far-reaching consequences than any other war in history. It
  • Albert Enstine
    Albert Enstine Albert Einstein Einstein was born on March 14, 1879, in Ulm Germany. He lived there with his parents, Herman and Pauline. After a year in Ulm, due to the failure of his father\'s electrical and engineering workshop, the Einstein family moved to Munich (the capital of Bavaria), where after a year in residence there, Einstein\'s mother had Maja, Einstein\'s sister. Despite the fact that he was Jewish, from age five until age ten, Einstein attended a Catholic School near his home. Bu
  • ABOMB
    ABOMB It began in the desert of New Mexico on July 16, 1945, with the first U.S. atomic test called Trinity. The device was comprised of 19,300 tons of TNT explosive. There was an intense light that brightened the distant mountains, a sudden wave of heat, and then a tremendous roar as the shock wave echoed in the valley (Bolt 1). This was the first atomic test recorded in the history of the world. The man who invented the atomic bomb was physicist Albert Einstein. Two months after Einstein\'s in
  • ABOMB
    ABOMB It began in the desert of New Mexico on July 16, 1945, with the first U.S. atomic test called Trinity. The device was comprised of 19,300 tons of TNT explosive. There was an intense light that brightened the distant mountains, a sudden wave of heat, and then a tremendous roar as the shock wave echoed in the valley (Bolt 1). This was the first atomic test recorded in the history of the world. The man who invented the atomic bomb was physicist Albert Einstein. Two months after Einstein\'s in
  • ALBERT EINSTEIN
    ALBERT EINSTEIN Alfred Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany on March 14, 1879. You might ask yourself, what would it be like to be born a genius? If you were anything like Albert Einstein you were a very quiet, secretive child who had trouble in school and against authority. And most of all, you would not be a child prodigy as some people might think. Some believed Albert Einstein was "backward"(Current Biography, 257) when he was young, because he could not speak fluently when he was nine. But eve
  • Atomic Bomb1
    Atomic Bomb1 On August 6, 1945, the world changed forever. On that day the United States of America detonated an atomic bomb over the city of Hiroshima. Never before had mankind seen anything like. Here was something that was slightly bigger than an ordinary bomb, yet could cause infinitely more destruction. It could rip through walls and tear down houses like the devils wrecking ball. In Hiroshima it killed 100,000 people, most non-military civilians. Three days later in Nagasaki it killed roug
  • Atomicb
    atomicb The way the world thinks of war changed forever in 1945. On July 16 in Alamogordo, New Mexico, America exploded the world\'s first atomic bomb, sending a huge mushroom-shaped cloud high into the sky. The Manhattan Project, which was used to end World War II, was mostly led by German and German-Jewish scientists, who had escaped from Hitler\'s Germany. In 1939, an American university professor named Albert Einstein wrote a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, in which he outlined th
  • Ayn Rands Anthem
    Ayn Rands Anthem Subj: sorry bout the color and spacing Date: 3/5/01 10:33:55 PM Eastern Standard Time From: Chocolama8 To: XXALBXX Fear. It oozes from the hearts of every character in Ayn Rand’s Anthem. It is a fear comparative to that of the thousands of slaves kept by a single master, or the millions in concentration camps that were maintained by a measly hundred or thousand. It is the the fear to rebel against an already accepted fate. Once this fear is instilled, it condemns generation afte