Book Report on Human Nature

This essay has a total of 980 words and 4 pages.

Human Nature

Human nature is the egotistical behaviours that drive the human race to be creative and
inquisitive. Although some philosophers may disagree with the validity of this statement,
others such as Aristotle, John Stuart Mill and Thomas Hobbes would believe it to be true.
After examining the beliefs of these philosophers and using real-life examples to rebut
the beliefs of those who disagree, man's true nature of curiousity, creativity and
selfishness is clearly evident.

Once inspecting the philosophical beliefs of Thomas Hobbes, Aristotle and John Stuart
Mill, human's creative, inquiring and self-indulgent nature seems indisputable. Thomas
Hobbes was correct in saying that self-interest is man's true nature. He spoke the truth
when he described man as an "aggressive, greedy, competitive, anti-social and vain" (Gini-
Newman et al. 28) species. Everyday, man demonstrates this nature as he works steadfastly
to make money so that he can indulge in the life of luxury and opportunity that he
desires. He then donates to charitable organizations so that he does not have to suffer
from feelings of guilt for not sharing his wealth with those less fortunate. Even human's
creativity and desire for knowledge illustrate our races egotistical nature. Aristotle
once said that "all men by nature desire knowledge." (Gini- Newman et al. 26) John Stuart
Mill later said that "no intelligent human being would consent to be a fool." (Gini-
Newman et al. 26) Both of these philosophers were correct in their observations. Man is an
incredibly intelligent human being. He can think abstractly and develop unique ideas and
theories. However, man's creative ideas and broad range of knowledge all contribute to his
self-interest. Man prides himself on knowledge. His intellectual endeavors build his self
esteem and ego. He feels proud and worthy when he invents something. Although many human
being use their innovative nature to improve the quality of life for others, their
intentions are always inspired by their innate desires to feed their selfish nature.

The selfish desires of man and his needs for creativity and knowledge of self are
difficult to dispute. Although philosophers such as Joseph Butler, Mengzi and Siddhartha
Gautama have expressed different beliefs on this issue, there are many examples that
challenge the soundness of them. Joeseph Butler once said that self-love and benevolence
do not conflict. One could disagree with this statement because there are many instances
in life when one's own desires do conflict with their desires to help others. For example,
in society today, many secondary students are feeling pressured by the competition for
acceptance into universities and colleges. As a result, they are doing as much as they can
to better their chances at getting accepted into university or college. Some students are
running charitable drives to enhance the quality of their applications. Others are
volunteering so they can complete their community service hours. Although these students
are helping others, their intentions are inspired by their own desires to get accepted
into a post-secondary institution. Speaking of education, the renowned Chinese
philosopher, Mengzi, once said that "evil exists because some people do not cultivate
their inner goodness through proper education."(Gini- Newman et al. 32) The truth in this
statement can easily be argued due to the fact that people have been taught how to become
"good" individuals for centuries. Parents teach their children how to share and be
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