Human Origins

This essay has a total of 1331 words and 5 pages.

Human Origins


Many people have different views regarding the same topic. Over the years, countless
theories have been brought forward to answer the question of human origins. Scientists,
archaeologists, anthropologists and religious groups have spent lots of time arguing in
support of their own respected theories. With the use of technology such as carbon dating
and improvements in scientific methods; new fossil evidence has traced humanities
bipedalism back to five million years, shedding some light on humanities past. Conversely,
these new fossil finds have only led to more controversy. The church also has a set view
on human origins and it differs very much from that of scientists. The theories of
Johanson, Leakey and the church can tell us a lot about human origins.


While working Hadar near the Afar region in Ethiopia in 1974, Donald Johanson made one
very controversial archaeological find. This was 40% of an Australopithecus skeleton that
he decided to name Lucy. At this time Lucy was known as the oldest hominid. Her teeth
structure indicated that she was in her mid twenties and her knee joint and pelvis
indicated that she was an upright walker, similar to those of a modern woman. Contrary to
other species of the time, Lucy had a very small brain, practically the size of a small
chimpanzee, the smallest out of any other hominids discovered at that time. A few years
after, in 1975, Johanson and his colleague Tim White returned to that same region and
uncovered ‘the First Family’, this was four children and nine adult males and females. For
more than two years White and Johanson and White studied the fossils they brought back
from the site. Previously, White had worked with Mary Leakey who had found 3 sets of
fossilized hominids in Laetoli; White found that the Johanson fossils and the Leaky
fossils were similar in date and nature. White convinced Johanson that the two were from
the same species and a new species; Australopithecus afarensis was named in 1979. Johanson
believed that all homos evolved from Australopithecus afarensis; he concluded that they
were the only hominids living before three million years. Johanson assumed that between
three and two million years ago, Afarensis lived all over Africa, then evolved into
different species such as the africanus, robustus and boisei. After a while all those
species went extinct, except for the afarensis in the east, which evolved into Homo
habilis two million years ago, which then evolved into Homo erectus 1.7 million years ago
and then to Homo sapiens three hundred thousand years ago. Donald Johanson, with his finds
stirred mixed feelings among the archaeological community.


While working in Tanzania, and in the same regions as the Johanson team, the Leakey family
also uncovered many controversial fossils. In 1961, Jonathan Leakey found the skull of a
species that was 1.75 million years old, Richard Leakey decided to name this species Homo
habilis, a few years after that at Lake Turkana they discovered another Homo habilis
skull, but this one was much bigger. They found the Johanson theory of the Laetoli
footprints to be foolish, they found the fossils to be more Homo, and thought that they
were very different from the fossils Johanson had found in Ethiopia. The find of the
Continues for 3 more pages >>




  • Creation Science as a Pseudoscience
    Creation Science as a Pseudoscience In every civilization throughout history, man has searched for the explanation to his existence. In ancient society’s people created origin myths. Every civilization had a unique myth. Some myths involved gods and others involved nature. Sometime around one thousand B.C. the longest standing creation myth was popularized. This creation myth is still in practice today, almost three thousand years later. The myth I am referring to is the Genesis recollection in
  • Sail Study Help only
    Sail Study Help only On the voyage of the Beagle (1831-1836) Darwin collected and described thousands of animals and plants. In South America he observed the adaptations of organisms to a variety of habitat from jungle to grassland to mountain habitats. In the temperate regions the species resembled more closely the species of the tropical regions of South America rather than the corresponding species of the temperate regions of Europe. For example, in the grasslands of Argentina there are no ra
  • Lololoo
    lololoo Darwin doesn\'t work here any more Richard Milton spent some twenty years studying the geology and palaeontology of the British Isles before writing Shattering the Myths of Darwinism.   "It was the absence of transitional fossils that first made me question Darwin\'s idea of gradual change." "I realised, too, that the procedures used to date rocks were circular. Rocks are used to date fossils: fossils are used to date rocks." "From here I began to think the unthinkable: could Darwinism b
  • Darwins Theory of Evolution
    Darwins Theory of Evolution Natural Selection - process by whch populations become adapted to the environment. The fitness of an individual is measured by how well its offspring reproduce - i.e. how many offspring that survive and reproduce does an individual produce ? Charles Darwin studdied and closly watched peppered moths (Biston Betularia) in their natural habbitat. The peppered moths are light colored with darker areas of color. Like humans, however, these moths can be found in a range of
  • Effects of Media on People
    Effects of Media on People I. Introduction Media nowadays is considered a window for learning and is also considered to be our main window to the world. Media has evolved from simple text in papers, to voices in radios, to voices with pictures in television and movies, to the very broad and information packed Internet. But as we all know, media has changed and evolved since then. Media then was primarily used to deliver news across the town and to beef up the people with the information they nee
  • Proof of evolution
    proof of evolution ˙Proof of Evolution Evolution is a fairly simple idea. A broad definition of it is “Species change over time.” Evolutionary theory is supported by a huge body of evidence, including the fossil record and observation of organisms alive today. That is the reason it is embraced by most mainstream scientists. Theologists, whose arguments are based totally on faith, base their theories on fiction not proven fact. Faith, being belief that isn\'t based on evidence, is the principal v
  • Creation2
    Creation2 There are many different life forms on earth. New species and different sub species are evolving every second as others die out. In order to explain the origin of life, people have used the bible story of creation, while others came up with their own theories. Out of all those theories, the theory of evolution by Charles Darwin seems to have the most supporting evidence to back it up. Evidence on earth suggests that single cell creatures are the ancestors of all life. These organisms s
  • Dinosaurs and birds
    dinosaurs and birds Dinosaurs and Birds Nat 305 Christopher Meadows 11-2-00 Are birds really dinosaurs or are they simply related? That is a question that has gained new life in recent years due to the overwhelming facts the are pouring in from newly found fossils and studies from fossils that have been found in the past. Two groups have formed in the study of this question: those who believe birds are a direct result of dinosaurs and those who feel dinosaurs and birds must have had a common anc
  • Origin of life
    origin of life To help us with our study of origins, we will use two main sources: the Bible – as God’s direct revelation of life, and science – a way to interpret the Bible using scientific knowledge. In his book Biology Through the Eyes of Faith, R.T. Wright (1989) states: “It is an important conclusion of faith that both science and Scripture are sources of knowledge of God’s works and that, when properly understood, should not lead to conflicts.” I agree with this statement, believing that G
  • Evolution of the horse
    evolution of the horse ˙For many people, the horse family remains the classic example of evolution. As more and more horse fossils have been found, some ideas about horse evolution have changed, but the horse family remains a good example of evolution. In fact, we now have enough fossils of enough species in enough genera to examine details of evolutionary change. Evolution does not occur in a straight line toward a goal, like a ladder; rather, evolution is like a branching bush, with no predet
  • Evolution Fact or Fiction
    Evolution Fact or Fiction Evolution-Fact or Fiction? In 1859, Charles Darwin published his book On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, which proposed the theory of evolution. This book, along with others that followed, began the long debated dispute between evolutionist and creationist. Were we created by a supernatural Supreme Being, or did our creation occur purely by chance? First, lets look at the two conflicting theories. Common usage of the term “evolution” is that living
  • The Bible as the Word of God
    The Bible as the Word of God What would a logical person accept as proof of God? Would he require God Almighty to appear before him in order to acknowledge His existence? Would he apply this same criteria to everything else in life? For example, would he not believe in the President of the United States unless he saw him in the flesh? He might counter that he has seen his photograph, but this does not meet the original criteria. Such photos are evidence based upon other evidence. That is, confi
  • Darwins Origin of Species
    Darwins Origin of Species When the name Charles Darwin is uttered, an immediate association brings about the concept of Evolution. Although he was not the first to "discover" this phenomenon, he was the first to explain it. In his book, The Origin of Species, Darwin discusses evolution- through variation, why it occurs, the struggle for existence, natural selection, the geological record, and several other topics. This book brought him great recognition as well as many violent attacks. It was w
  • Flag
    flag Questions on the origin of life and of the universe must have challenged human curiosity and imagination as soon as early man had time for activities other than survival. In 1859, Charles Darwin published the Origin of Species, and since then, people have debated between the creationism and evolutionism theories. The theory of evolution has been supported only through various religious writings, particularly the Bible. Creationists believe in a divine creator, God. Creationism has a broad
  • The Endless debate
    The Endless debate The Endless Debate Evolution is a theory to explain facts. Creationism is a myth to explain facts. Evolution is proven through facts; creationism is a story about facts. There is a constant debate going on with science versus religion, but the interesting point to realize it that science creates the facts, and all the creationists (the religious) can do it argue evolutionists theories. So what can be inferred is that evolutionists provide the evidence, and the creationists tr
  • Evolution
    Evolution Evolution-Fact or Fiction? In 1859, Charles Darwin published his book On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, which proposed the theory of evolution. This book, along with others that followed, began the long debated dispute between evolutionist and creationist. Were we created by a supernatural Supreme Being, or did our creation occur purely by chance? First, lets look at the two conflicting theories. Common usage of the term “evolution” is that living things in our w
  • Evolution- Should You Believe in It?
    Evolution- Should You Believe in It? -This essay is not mine- THE question "Do you believe in evolution or in creation?" is more than a matter of idle curiosity. The answer that one gives will be deeply reflected in his attitude toward his fellowman, his moral values and his outlook on the future. 2 Belief in evolution is not new; it did not originate with Charles Darwin. But, following publication, in 1859, of his book The Origin of Species, the supporters of the idea have greatly increased in
  • The Beak Of The Finch
    The Beak Of The Finch The Bogus Logic of The Beak People who have served in the Armed Forces may be familiar with the expression, If you can\'t dazzle then with your brilliance, baffle them with your baloney. The Beak of the Finch uses such laughable logic, it is remarkable that anyone would believe it. The book does such a terrible job of presenting a case for evolution and history, that the only logical conclusion is that the book\'s true intent is to disprove it. nbsp; Jonathan Weiner, The Be
  • The Cretaceous ? Tertiary Boundary (K-T) Extinctio
    The Cretaceous ? Tertiary Boundary (K-T) Extinction ABSTRACT Several mass extinctions have occurred during the Earth\'s history. The Cretaceous - Tertiary Boundary (K-T) Extinction caused the loss of at least three-quarters of all species known at that time including the dinosaurs. The cause of this mass extinction is a controversial subject among scientists but the fossil evidence of it\'s occurrence is abundant. INTRODUCTION The K-T Extinction occurred 65 million years ago. Many species perish
  • Evolution vs. Creation
    Evolution vs. Creation Don\'t Monkey Around in Class "In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth" (Gen. 1:1). Words of this nature have been questioned for thousands of years—by naturalists, materialists, humanists, etc.—and, in more recent times, have led to court cases, heated arguments, and public debates. The major debate intended to be covered in this piece is that of whether or not evolution should be taught in classrooms. Also, if it is to be taught, should it be taught a
  • Evolution vs. Creationism
    Evolution vs. Creationism Evolution vs. Creationism The Evolution vs. Creationism controversy goes all the way back to the Publishing of Origin of Species in 1859 by Darwin laying the foundation for the evolution of life to be understood. Scientists are continuously finding more evidence to support Darwin\'s conclusion; that organisms descended from a common ancestor modified by the mechanism of natural selection resulting in the evolution of species adapting to their environment. The following
  • Evidence For Evolution
    Evidence For Evolution Since Darwin\'s death in 1882, there have been many new evidences that support the theory of Evolution. The different types are the studies of fossils, the comparisons of organism structures and the vast knowledge of DNA. FOSSILS ARE ANY TRACES OF DEAD ORGANISMS One concept that is discussed is the concept of fossils. Examples of fossils are footprints of early humans, insects trapped in tree sap, tracks of dinosaurs and animals buried in tar. My thoughts are that fossils
  • Dinosaurs And Birds
    Dinosaurs And Birds Dinosaurs and Birds Nat 305 Christopher Meadows 11-2-00 Are birds really dinosaurs or are they simply related? That is a question that has gained new life in recent years due to the overwhelming facts the are pouring in from newly found fossils and studies from fossils that have been found in the past. Two groups have formed in the study of this question: those who believe birds are a direct result of dinosaurs and those who feel dinosaurs and birds must have had a common anc
  • Evolutionism Vs Creationism
    Evolutionism Vs Creationism Questions on the origin of life and of the universe must have challenged human curiosity and imagination as soon as early man had time for activities other than survival. In 1859, Charles Darwin published the Origin of Species, and since then, people have debated between the creationism and evolutionism theories. The theory of evolution has been supported only through various religious writings, particularly the Bible. Creationists believe in a divine creator, God. Cr
  • Transitions Of Reptiles To Mammals
    Transitions Of Reptiles To Mammals Transitions of Reptiles to Mammals A long long time ago, in a galaxy not too far away, was a little blue planet called Earth, and on this world not a single mammal lived. However a lot of time has past since then and we now have lots of furry creatures that are collectively called mammals. How did they get their? Where did they come from? These are the kinds of questions that led me to my subject of choice. I will endeavor to provide examples, using specific tr
  • Multi-regional Continuity: The Fossil Evidence
    Multi-regional Continuity: The Fossil Evidence Multi-Regional Continuity: The Fossil Evidence With regards to the multi-regional continuity model of human evolution, there is without a doubt a preponderance of fossil data that supports the diverse origins of Homo sapiens in different regions of the globe. Skulls displaying a wide variety of mixed modern and archaic features have been found in every corner of the world. The mere existence of these fossils is evidence enough to prove that human ev
  • Dinosaurs And Birds
    Dinosaurs And Birds Dinosaurs and Birds Nat 305 Christopher Meadows 11-2-00 Are birds really dinosaurs or are they simply related? That is a question that has gained new life in recent years due to the overwhelming facts the are pouring in from newly found fossils and studies from fossils that have been found in the past. Two groups have formed in the study of this question: those who believe birds are a direct result of dinosaurs and those who feel dinosaurs and birds must have had a common anc
  • Creation vs. Evolution
    Creation vs. Evolution 0. Introduction and table of contents The following is an organized presentation on the creation vs. evolution controversy. This is the fourth revision of a set of essays which I had originally submitted in note 840 of the now-archived Christian_V5 conference, with first revisions submitted in note 24 of the Christian_V6 conference and note 35 of the Biology conference, and second and third revisions submitted in note 25 and 640 of the now-archived Christian_V7 conference
  • Fossil Gaps
    Fossil Gaps Fossil Gaps "The study of fossils provides strong evidence for evolution." (Campbell, 260) Or does it? The fact is that the fossil record is a silent testimony against Darwin\'s erroneous theories of the fossil record documenting his idea of macroevolution. The book, Biology: Concepts and Connections (hereafter referred to as Biology), clearly agrees with the evolutionary outlook of "fossils [being] a rich source of evidence for evolution." (Campbell, 260) However, this book, along w
  • Outline- Chemical Regulation (biology Honors)
    Outline- Chemical Regulation (biology Honors) I. The Edvidence of Fossils A. (28-1) The Formation of Fossils 1. Fossil: The actual remains or any trace of an organism that lived at some time in the past. 2. Petrifaction: The process by which the body of a dead organism is slowly replaced by dissolved minerals. 3. Mold: A rock as a hollow form; Cast: A copy of the external form of the original organism. 4. Imprint: A type of fossil formed when an impression made in mud by a living thing is preser
  • Evolution v. creation
    evolution v. creation Evolution Should the stork theory appear in books on reproduction? How about astrological lore in expositions on astronomy? It would be unreasonable to even consider those ridiculous concepts. This is why the idea of creation should not be considered as the answer to how life began. Rather, the theory of evolution accounts for the creation of life. Charles Darwin is credited with creating the theory of evolution. Evolution assumes that all natural forms arose from their anc