Term Paper on HYPNOSIS

This essay has a total of 1412 words and 9 pages.



Albert Einstein reckoned that humans use only about 10% of their brains. According to some
reports, while hypnotised, we could gain access to the other 90%.

Every human being who is mentally sound can be hypnotised to some degree.
You can use hypnosis for a lot of things, for instance to control weight, pain, sleep, and
to raise confidence. You can also use it to quit smoking, develop concentration and
memory. In fact, you can use it for anything that depends on your own efforts.


The art and science of hypnosis is both old and new.
*Old because it was used in ancient time and has a pedigree that stretches back to the
beginning of mankind's conscious development

*New because only over the past 100 years has it been subject to the full force of
scientific scrutiny, after discovery that the unconscious mind, emotions and personal
history directly affect a person's state of mental, emotional and physical health.

A) Old origins

_ Hypnosis has existed very early in religious rituals. However, the earliest known
description of hypnosis date back 6000 years to rites performed in Egyptian sleep temples.

_The Indus Vedas ,a knowledge sacred book written around 1500 BC, mentions the use of
hypnotic techniques and procedures.

_According to some specialists, accounts of what we would now call hypnosis can be found in the Bible and in the Talmud.
_In the past, hypnosis is always associated with the occult: witchdoctors and shamans
(medicine man)practised hypnosis :"ritual hypnosis and dance were integral elements of
shaman's communication with spirits".

B) New origins- modern use of hypnosis

There are two leading men in the scientific study of hypnosis:

_ 1734-1815: Franz Anton Mesmer, born in Vienna. Mesmer is considered the father of
hypnosis. He is remembered for the term "Mesmerism" which means a person who is raptly
attentive, or who is temporally deprived of his normal conscious qualities. He described a
process of inducing trance through a series of passes he made with his hands . He succeed
in treating a considerable variety of ailments.

_ 1932-1974: Milton Erickson, a psychologist and psychiatrist pioneered the art of
indirect suggestions in hypnosis. He is considered the father of modern hypnosis. His
methods bypassed the conscious mind through the use of both verbal and non-verbal pacing
techniques including metaphor , confusion, and many others. He has immensely influenced
the practice of contemporary hypnotherapy.


A) Curent examples

As long as there as been human beings, there has been hypnosis, we use this commonly
occurring state of mind, unknowingly, all the time. It is just natural for us.

_ For examples if you have ever watched a television program or movie and become really
absorbed into the program, you were probably in trance. This trance is what caused you not
to hear your mother calling you to dinner.

_ Advertisers understand this, they use television programs to induce a hypnotic trance
and then provide you hypnotic suggestions, called commercials!

_ Another common instance of this naturally occurring state of mind is when you are
driving down the road, with your mind focused on some other task, and last thing you know:
you have forgotten to turn. That is called "Highway hypnosis".

B) Definition

_ Definition: Hypnosis is a mental state of heightened suggestibility, characterised by
trance like sleep. The basis of hypnosis is the fixation of the subject attention upon a
gradually narrowing source of stimulation, until he is attendant upon only the direction
of the hypnotist.

Continues for 5 more pages >>