Illiteracy

This essay has a total of 866 words and 4 pages.

Illiteracy

What is Illiteracy?
An adult or adults with a reading incapacity, a lack of knowledge of a subject, and/or a
error in speech or writing according to Encarta World English Dictionary is a person or
persons with illiteracy. Ronald Nash the author of an on-line article entitled "The Three
Kinds of Illiteracy" he describes the three different types of illiteracy. Nash explains
in detail cultural, moral, and functional illiteracy in his article. Cultural illiteracy
defined by E.D. Hirsch Jr. is to possess the basic information needed to thrive in the
modern world (Nash). Moral illiteracy is not being taught or lacked the education and
understandings in religious or spiritual beliefs (Nash). Functional illiteracy refers to
the inability of an individual to use reading, speaking, writing, and computational skills
in everyday life (Literacy Center for the Midlands). Functional illiteracy is probably the
most familiar and known to the public out of the three.

Functional illiteracy is measured on a scale of five levels. Level one is an adult or
adults who can read a little, but not well enough to fill out an application, read a food
label, or a simple story to a child (NIFL: National Institute for Literacy- Frequently
Asked Questions). Level two adult or adults can perform more complex tasks such as
comparing and contrasting a situation (NIFL: National Institute for Literacy- Frequently
Asked Questions). Level three to level five adult or adults usually perform the same types
of more complex tasks on increasingly lengthy and dense texts and documents (NIFL:
National Institute for Literacy- Frequently Asked Questions).

According to the A Untied Way Agency web page posts on-line article entitled The Scope of
Illiteracy in this Country, 23% of adults who were surveyed by the National Adult Literacy
Survey (NALS), were at level one illiteracy. 25%- 28% of the adults surveyed were at the
second lowest level, that is level two (The Scope of Illiteracy in this Country). This
information was released to the public in September 1993, but the survey was complete in
1992 (Literacy Center for the Midlands-Facts on Illiteracy). This survey measured three
areas that included: pose, documentation, and quantitative proficiency (Literacy Center
for the Midlands-Facts on Illiteracy).

Through many studies it has shown that illiteracy has a significant impact on the economy
(Economic Impact of Illiteracy in this Country). The American Council of Life Insurance
reports that three quarters of the Fortune 500 companies provide some level of remedial
training for their workers (Economic Impact of Illiteracy in this Country). According to
Economic Impact of Illiteracy in this Country an online article reports that a study done
by the Northeast Midwest Institute and The Center for Regional Policy found business
losses attribute to basic skills deficiencies run into the hundreds of millions of
dollars. This is due to the low productivity, errors, and accidents that occur on the job
(Economic Impact of Illiteracy in this Country). Some think that illiteracy may be the
cause of many deaths that occur (Illiteracy) About 30% of 2,659 patients had inadequate
comprehension of the written instructions on the prescription bottles according to an
on-line article entitled Illiteracy.
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