Ind rev Essay

This essay has a total of 1679 words and 8 pages.

ind rev

The Industrial Revolution

Had it not been for the industrial revolution, I would doubt very much that we would enjoy
the technology we have in the year 2000. The reason we have this technology is that
between the years 1750 and 1914 a great change in the world’s history was made.
People started to discover faster methods of producing goods, which increased their
economy. However you must not think this industrialization had no effects on society
because it did. So in this essay I am going to talk about the history of the industrial
revolution, discuss why Britain led the way in the industrial revolution and also I am
going to explain to you in detail the effects of industrialization on society.

In the midevel ages people were living in total darkness, and they did not know what was
going on in the world around them. Happily the medieval ages were followed by the
renaissance. Then came the year 1750, the year of the agricultural revolution in Britain
which led away to a revolution in industry. Charles Townshend for example was one of the
people who made the agricultural revolution possible. He suggested rotating the crops
every year or two, to help the soil get enriched with vitamins and nutrition’s. The
America’s then introduced potatoes to Great Britain. New farm machines were
invented, for example Jethro Tull developed a seed drill which planted seeds in straight
rows and farmers began using new iron plows in place of inofitiant wooden plows. In
addition to that, the enclosure movement brought wealthy people to farm larger amounts of
land, which was very good for the agricultural revolution. This revolution improved
peoples diet and health leading to an increased population, which demanded healthy food,
clothing and employment. Since many farmers were seeking jobs, they found it now in the
textile industry, which created a new demand for laborers. You shall notice now that the
mechanical inventions were so rapid and each one triggered another new one. A few examples
of these inventions are the flying shuttle by John Kay, the spinning jenny by James
Hargraves, the water frame by Richard Akriwght, the power loom by Edward Cartwight, Samuel
Cromptons spinning mule, and Eli Whitney’s cotton gin. All these inventions gave the
British cotton industry a further boost. Also the new machines were expensive and had to
be set up near rivers, where running water turned a water wheel to power the machines.
Inventors such as Arkwright built spinning mills and for that he hired hundreds of workers
all operating under the factory system. This system brought machines and workers together
in one place under one roof for a number of hours each day and workers were paid daily or
weekly wages.

As the industrial revolution unfolded new sources of power such as the steam engine was
developed. It is true that the idea of the steam engine existed since 1698 but all along
it had problems like intense pressure, or it required a lot of coal to fuel it. However in
1760 James Watt developed a perfect steam engine which revolutionized transportation. Not
only so but also brought great changes in the iron and coal industries, which Henry
Bessemer contributed greatly to, by developing a procedure that helped the production of
steel, this stronger more workable steel triggered the growth of other industries as well.

What do these industries depend on? Yes they depend on good transportation systems to
bring raw materials to factories and to distribute finished goods. Thus they started
building canals between mines and factories, then a road surface, and finally the rail
road industry was developed. George Stephenson developed the Rocket; the first steam
powered locomotive. Also the American Engineer Robert Fulton developed a way to use steam
power for ships. The postal system was also introduced by the British but this time
inexpensively. And last we should remember the telegraph that sent messages by electrical
impulses not only in Europe but also between America and Britain.

So after all the years we wonder why Britain lead the industrial revolution, well the
reason is that they enjoyed many advantages that helped them take the lead in the
revolution. As I have wrote the agricultural revolution increased food production, which
freed many laborers to work in industry. Also to add to that Britain had iron and coal
resources, they also had developed an excellent transportation system to speed the flow of
goods. Britain was also the leading trading nation in Europe, which gave their merchants
lots of capital. So as a result they used their capital to invest in textiles, mines
railroads and shipbuilding. Britain also had a large colonial empire, which supplied it
with raw materials for their factories. In addition people in the colonies bought finished
goods produced by British industry. Also the government encouraged industrial growth, it
lifted restrictions on trade, it encouraged road- and canal- building, and it maintained a
strong navy to protect British merchant ships all over the world. Also the social and
intellectual climate in Britain encouraged industrialization although a strong class
structure existed in Britain, the British also excepted the Idea, that poor people did not
have to stay poor. Instead they could better themselves.

Oh! You might think. This is great. Yes many inventions, expansions, advances in science
and technology, revolution in transportation, and new methods of production. Yes. Great!
Continues for 4 more pages >>