Term Paper on INDIA

This essay has a total of 633 words and 6 pages.


INDIA





India

The flag of India

The Indian flag consists of orange, white and green bands. The color orange stands for
courage in there country, white for peace, and green for fertility. A Buddhist emble
called a dharma charka lies in the center of the flag.


The land

India borders a lot like China, Nepal, and Bhutan (that is to the North). Pakistan to the
west and Bangladesh to the East.


1 “ India boasts many great mountain ranges, including the Vindhya Range, which divides
northern and southern India. The Himalayan mountain range in northern India consists of
some of the highest peaks in the world.”


The climate

2 “ India has about three main seasons – summer is one from March to May, the rainy
season from June to September, and then winter from October to February.”

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The plants and the animals


India supports approximately 45,ooo plant species, some which are not found anywhere else in the world except here.

India’s most well-known animal is the elephant. Other common animals include the monkey,
bison, rhinoceros, buffalo, and the black buck.



The fight for independence

3 “ By the late 1800s, many Indians wanted independence from Britain. In 1885, Indian
nationalists formed a political party called the Indian National Congress. One of its
leaders, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, led peaceful strikes throughout India, fighting for
Independence and peace between Hindus and Muslims. Gandhi became known as the “Father of
the Nation.”


Soils

The four principal soil types in India are mountain ( or it could be immature) soils,
alluvial soils, regur soils, and red soils. Mountain soils are found in upland areas too
steep for regular soil development; they range in texture

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from sandy in the drier Aravallis to clays in the wetter Himalayas. Alluvial soils cover
the broad floodplains of the Indogangetic valley and the Brahmaputra basin, the smaller
river valleys and deltas of the peninsula, and the coastal lowlands; these soils, ranging
from sandy loams to clays, are generally fertile, but are sometimes saline when improperly
irrigated. The regur soils are rich, fertile black soils found in the sections of the
peninsula covered with basaltic lavas and also in some eastern and southern regions. Red
soils which cover most of the peninsula, are less fertile, as are patches of
nutrient-deficient lateritic soils.
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