Essay on Internet History

This essay has a total of 750 words and 8 pages.

Internet History





History of The Internet
The Internet is a worldwide connection of
thousands of computer
networks. All of them speak the same
language, TCP/IP, the standard
protocol. The Internet allows people with
access to these networks to share
information and knowledge. Resources
available on the Internet are chat
groups, e-mail, newsgroups, file transfers,
and the World Wide Web. The
Internet has no centralized authority and
it is uncensored. The Internet
belongs to everyone and to no one.

The Internet is structured in a hierarchy.
At the top, each country
has at least one public backbone network.
Backbone networks are made of
high speed lines that connect to other
backbones. There are thousands of
service providers and networks that connect
home or college users to the
backbone networks. Today, there are more
than fifty-thousand networks in
more than one-hundred countries worldwide.
However, it all started with one
network.

In the early 1960's the Cold War was
escalating and the United States
Government was faced with a problem. How
could the country communicate
after a nuclear war? The Pentagon's
Advanced Research Projects Agency,
ARPA, had a solution. They would create a
non-centralized network that
linked from city to city, and base to base.
The network was designed to
function when parts of it were destroyed.
The network could not have a
center because it would be a primary target
for enemies. In 1969, ARPANET
was created, named after its original
Pentagon sponsor. There were four
supercomputer stations, called nodes, on
this high speed network.

ARPANET grew during the 1970's as more and
more supercomputer stations
were added. The users of ARPANET had
changed the high speed network to an
electronic post office. Scientists and
researchers used ARPANET to
collaborate on projects and to trade notes.
Eventually, people used ARPANET
for leisure activities such as chatting.
Soon after, the mailing list was
developed. Mailing lists were discussion
groups of people who would send
their messages via e-mail to a group
address, and also receive messages.

This could be done twenty-four hours a day.
Interestingly, the first
group's topic was called Science Fiction
Lovers.

As ARPANET became larger, a more
sophisticated and standard protocol
was needed. The protocol would have to link
users from other small networks
to ARPANET, the main network. The standard
protocol invented in 1977 was
called TCP/IP. Because of TCP/IP,
connecting to ARPANET by any other
network was made possible. In 1983, the
military portion of ARPANET broke
off and formed MILNET. The same year,
TCP/IP was made a standard and it was
being used by everyone. It linked all parts
of the branching complex
networks, which soon came to be called the
Continues for 4 more pages >>




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