Internet History Paper

This essay has a total of 750 words and 16 pages.

Internet History

History of The Internet

The Internet is a worldwide connection of

thousands of computer

networks. All of them speak the same

language, TCP/IP, the standard

protocol. The Internet allows people with

access to these networks to share

information and knowledge. Resources

available on the Internet are chat

groups, e-mail, newsgroups, file transfers,

and the World Wide Web. The

Internet has no centralized authority and

it is uncensored. The Internet

belongs to everyone and to no one.

The Internet is structured in a hierarchy.

At the top, each country

has at least one public backbone network.

Backbone networks are made of

high speed lines that connect to other

backbones. There are thousands of

service providers and networks that connect

home or college users to the

backbone networks. Today, there are more

than fifty-thousand networks in

more than one-hundred countries worldwide.

However, it all started with one


In the early 1960's the Cold War was

escalating and the United States

Government was faced with a problem. How

could the country communicate

after a nuclear war? The Pentagon's

Advanced Research Projects Agency,

ARPA, had a solution. They would create a

non-centralized network that

linked from city to city, and base to base.

The network was designed to

function when parts of it were destroyed.

The network could not have a

center because it would be a primary target

for enemies. In 1969, ARPANET

was created, named after its original

Pentagon sponsor. There were four

supercomputer stations, called nodes, on

this high speed network.

ARPANET grew during the 1970's as more and

more supercomputer stations

were added. The users of ARPANET had

changed the high speed network to an

electronic post office. Scientists and

researchers used ARPANET to

collaborate on projects and to trade notes.

Eventually, people used ARPANET

for leisure activities such as chatting.

Soon after, the mailing list was

developed. Mailing lists were discussion

groups of people who would send

their messages via e-mail to a group

address, and also receive messages.

This could be done twenty-four hours a day.

Interestingly, the first

group's topic was called Science Fiction


As ARPANET became larger, a more

sophisticated and standard protocol

was needed. The protocol would have to link

users from other small networks

to ARPANET, the main network. The standard

protocol invented in 1977 was

called TCP/IP. Because of TCP/IP,

connecting to ARPANET by any other

network was made possible. In 1983, the

military portion of ARPANET broke

off and formed MILNET. The same year,

TCP/IP was made a standard and it was

being used by everyone. It linked all parts

of the branching complex

networks, which soon came to be called the

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