Paper on Iraq

This essay has a total of 379 words and 2 pages.


Background: Formerly part of the Ottoman Empire, Iraq was occupied by Britain during the
course of World War I; in 1920, it was declared a League of Nations mandate under UK
administration. In stages over the next dozen years, Iraq attained its independence as a
kingdom in 1932. A "republic" was proclaimed in 1958, but in actuality a series of
military strongmen ruled the country, the latest was SADDAM Hussein. Territorial disputes
with Iran led to an inconclusive and costly eight-year war (1980-88). In August 1990, Iraq
seized Kuwait, but was expelled by US-led, UN coalition forces during the Gulf War of
January-February 1991. Following Kuwait's liberation, the UN Security Council (UNSC)
required Iraq to scrap all weapons of mass destruction and long-range missiles and to
allow UN verification inspections. Continued Iraqi noncompliance with UNSC resolutions
over a period of 12 years resulted in the US-led invasion of Iraq in March 2003 and the
ouster of the SADDAM Hussein regime. Coalition forces remain in Iraq, helping to restore
degraded infrastructure and facilitating the establishment of a freely elected government,
while simultaneously dealing with a robust insurgency. The Coalition Provisional Authority
transferred sovereignty to the Iraqi Interim Government (IG) in June 2004 and the election
of its president, Ghazi al-Ujayl al-YAWR, was held in January 2005,it's capital is

Climate: Iraq is located in the Middle East ,bordering the Persian Gulf between Iran and
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