Is Evolution a theory to be taken as fact Essay

This essay has a total of 3324 words and 14 pages.

Is Evolution a theory to be taken as fact

A fact is something that exists beyond question. It is an actuality, an objective reality.
It is established by solid evidence. A theory is something unproved but at times assumed
true for the sake of argument. It has yet to be proved as factual. Nonetheless, sometimes
something is declared to be a fact that is only a theory.

In a September 30, 1986 article of the New York Times there was an published article by a
New York University professor, Irving Kristol. His contention is that if evolution were
taught in the public schools as the theory it is rather than as the fact it isn’t,
there would not be the controversy that now rages between evolution and creationism.
Kristol stated: “There is also little doubt that it is this pseudoscientific
dogmatism that has provoked the current religious reaction.”

“Though this theory is usually taught as an established scientific truth,”
Kristol said, “it is nothing of the sort. It has too many lacunae (gaps). Geological
evidence does not provide us with the spectrum of intermediate species we would expect.
Moreover, laboratory experiments reveal how close to impossible it is for one species to
evolve into another, even allowing for selective breeding and some genetic mutation.
…The gradual transformation of the population of one species into another is a
biological hypothesis, not a biological fact.”

Some think that belief in evolution is based upon fact, while belief in creation is based
upon faith. Yes it’s true that no man has seen God. But the theory of evolution
holds no advantage in this regard, since it is founded upon events that no humans have
ever witnessed or duplicated

For example, scientists have never observed mutations, even beneficial ones that produce
new life forms, yet they are sure that this is precisely how new species arrived. They
have not witnessed the spontaneous generation of life; yet they insist that this is how
life began.

How did life begin? This question has stirred more speculation and ignited more debate.
Yet the controversy is not simply over evolution versus creation. Much of the conflict
takes place among the evolutionists themselves. Virtually every detail of evolution, how
it happened, where it started, who or what started it, and how long the process took is

Time magazine suggests “Life did not arise under calm, benign conditions, as once
assumed,” “but under the hellish skies of a planet racked by volcanic
eruptions and menaced by comets and asteroids. For years evolutionists claimed that life
began in a warm pool of organic soup. Some now believe that foam in the ocean could have
bred life. Undersea geysers are another proposed site of life’s origin. Some suggest
that living organisms arrived on earthbound meteors or perhaps asteroids smashed into
earth and changed the atmosphere, stirring up life in the process. . Plow a big iron
asteroid into earth, and you will certainly get interesting things happening. To think
also that an extraordinary being like man emerged out of chemicals dissolved in a pool of
warm water that was struck by lightening is the real myth.

The basic unit of living things is the cell, and the basic material that makes up a cell
is protein. Evolutionists acknowledge that the probability of the right atoms and
molecules falling into place to form just one simple protein molecule is about 1 in 10113,
or 1 followed by 113 zeros. In other words, it takes 10113 chances for the event to occur
once. But any event that has one chance in 1050 is dismissed by mathematicians as never

However, far more than one simple protein molecule is needed for life to occur. For a cell
to maintain its functions, some 2,000 different proteins are needed. What, then, is the
probability of all of these happening at random? It is estimated that the chance is 1 in
1040,000, or 1 followed by 40,000 zeros! Are you willing to rest your faith on such an
outrageously remote probability? I’m not.

If the chance is so remote for a cell to come into existence by accident, it would be even
more so for the cell to evolve into the great variety of complicated living things. The
fact is that between humans and beasts, there are differences far greater than the obvious
physical ones. Man is endowed with a conscience; he has feelings, aesthetic values, moral
concepts, thinking ability, and reasoning powers. Animals do not possess these
capabilities. If man evolved from the animals, why is there such a huge gulf between them?
This is another problem for the evolutionists.

In contrast to the illogical and unscientific evolution theory, is creation. The marvelous
structure of our human body testifies to the existence of a creator. A close look at a
tiny living cell will help us to understand why. Our body is made up of about 100 trillion
tiny cells. The complexity of each living cell can be likened to that of a city with its
many operations, such as power generation, management, transportation, and defense. In
addition, the cell’s nucleus contains tens of thousands of genes in the intricately
arranged DNA. It is said that our DNA contains enough information to fill an encyclopedia
of 1,000 volumes. All this information constitutes a genetic blueprint and determines our
skin color, hair type, stature, and countless other details of our body. If all
construction blueprints require meticulous design, then who designed the complex genetic
blueprint in our body? Could this have come from mutations that are harmful to a species?
Could simply having the correct atoms and molecules fall into place at random have formed
this marvelous organ? Hardly not!

The fossil record reveals that different and very complex life forms appeared suddenly and
fully developed. Whales, bats, horses, primates, elephants, hares, squirrels, etc., all
are as distinct at their first appearance as they are now. There is not a trace of a
common ancestor, much less a link with any reptile, the supposed progenitor. Are there any
fossils of giraffes with necks two thirds or three quarters the accepted length? No, there
are not. The truth of the matter is as stated at Genesis 1:25: “God proceeded to
make the wild beast of the earth according to its kind and the domestic animal according
to its kind and every moving animal of the ground according to its kind. And God got to
see that it was good.” Yes, very good!

The Bible invites readers to do this: “Raise your eyes high up and see. Who has
created these things? It is the One who is bringing forth the army of them even by number,
all of whom he calls even by name. Due to the abundance of dynamic energy, he also being
vigorous in power, not one of them is missing.” (Isaiah 40:26) Yes, the Bible is
saying that a source of tremendous dynamic energy, the Creator caused the material
universe to come into existence. This is completely in harmony with modern technology. For
this reason alone, the Biblical record of creation merits our deep respect. Ever heard of
E=mc2? This is proven scientific fact, that dynamic energy produces matter.

Evolutionists attack the biblical account as unscientific, stating that the earth is more
than 10,000 years old. But this is attack is based on the misunderstanding of the biblical
creation account where the creative days are concerned. Many consider the word
“day” used in Genesis chapter 1 to mean 24 hours. However, in Genesis 1:5 God
himself is said to divide day into a smaller period of time, calling just the light
portion “day.” In Genesis 2:4 all the creative periods are called one day:
“This is a history of the heavens and the earth in the time of their being created,
in the day (all six creative periods) that God made earth and heaven.”

The Hebrew word Yom, translated “day,” can mean different lengths of time.
Among the meanings possible, William Wilson’s Old Testament Word Studies includes
the following: “A day; it is frequently put for time in general, or for a long time;
a whole period under consideration . . . Day is also put for a particular season or time
when any extraordinary event happens.” This last sentence appears to fit the
creative days, for certainly they were periods when extraordinary events were described as
happening. It also allows for periods much longer than 24 hours.

Genesis chapter 1 uses the expressions “evening” and “morning”
relative to the creative periods. Doesn’t this indicate that they were 24 hours
long? Not necessarily. In some places people often refer to a man’s lifetime as his
“day.” They speak of “my father’s day” or “in
Shakespeare’s day.” They may divide up that lifetime “day”, saying
“in the morning [or dawn] of his life” or “in the evening or twilight of
his life.” So evening and morning in Genesis chapter 1 does not limit the meaning to
a literal 24 hours.

Day as used in the Bible can include summer and winter, the passing of seasons as stated
at Zechariah 14:8. “The day of harvest” involves many days as stated at
Proverbs 25:13 and Genesis 30:14. A thousand years are likened to a day in Psalm 90:4 and
2 Peter 3:8, 10. It would seem reasonable that the “days” of Genesis could
likewise have embraced long periods of time millenniums. What then, took place during
those creative eras? Is the Bible’s account of them scientific? Following is a
review of these “days” as expressed in Genesis.

Day No. Creative Works Texts
1 Light; division between day and night Genesis 1:3-5
2 Expanse, a division between waters beneath the expanse and waters above it Genesis 1:6-8
3 Dry land; vegetation Genesis 1:9-13
4 Heavenly luminaries become discernible from earth Genesis 1:14-19
5 Aquatic souls and flying creatures Genesis 1:20-23
6 Land animals; man Genesis 1:24-31
Genesis 1:1, 2 relates to a time before the six “days” outlined above. When
these “days” commenced, the sun, moon, and stars were already in existence,
their creation being referred to at Genesis 1:1. However, prior to these six
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