Is God Really Just a study of the fall of Jericho Essay

This essay has a total of 3589 words and 13 pages.


Is God Really Just a study of the fall of Jericho





“When the trumpets sounded, the people shouted…(and)… the wall collapsed” (Joshua 6:20).
This is the account of Joshua and the people of Israel when they entered the Promised Land
known as Canaan. As the Lord commanded they entered the land and conquered all the cities
there, beginning with Jericho. The story of Joshua and the Battle of Jericho is a famous
one. Everyone who has ever attended Sunday school has heard this famous Biblical account.
What is overlooked in Sunday school is the passage after the walls fall down, “They
devoted the city to the LORD and destroyed with the sword every living thing in it – men
and women, young and old, cattle, sheep and donkeys” (Joshua 6:21). This is one of the
more difficult passages in the Bible. It raises many questions, questions that are not
easily answered. In fact, scholars today still debate them. Reading this section of the
Bible, found in Joshua chapter 6, you ask yourself: how can we worship a God who permits
His own people to slaughter innocents? How did the Israelites justify breaking one of the
Ten Commandments (or ‘Words’ as is the more accurate translation)? If God is just, then
how can he allow the slaughter of innocents? Is God really a just god? Such are the
questions that come up whenever the slaughter at Jericho is brought up. Further seemingly
brutal violence is found within God’s own people. If you read on an Israelite named Achan
steals some of the bounty from Jericho when God commanded them not too. He was stoned
along with his whole family! God seems to be a violent, harsh god in these passages. How
can this be if He is supposed to be the God of love, compassion and mercy?

Israel, at this point in their history is very young as a nation and a people. Actually,
it can be argued that they didn’t emerge as an actual people until the Exodus. The people
of Israel were the children of those who marched out of Egypt and crossed the Reed Sea.
God was willing to give their parents the land 40 years earlier but the people were afraid
of the inhabitants of that land and they doubted Yahweh. Thus, they were doomed to wander
the desert for forty years and therefore not enter the Promised Land that their children
would inherit in Joshua’s time. Joshua was hand picked by God to lead the people into
Canaan. Way back in Numbers chapter 13, God shows that he is special by having Moses
change his name from Hoshea to Joshua which means Yahweh saves. When Moses died the Lord
told Joshua to take the people and go into the land that he had chosen for them. This is
Yahweh’s call for the obedience of Joshua and his people. What is Joshua’s reaction? His
reaction is found in Joshua 1:10-11, “So Joshua ordered the officers of the people: ‘Go
through the camp and tell the people, Three days from now you will cross the Jordan here
to go in and take possession of the land the LORD you God is given you for your own.’” So
Joshua does not question, he does not doubt, he does not hesitate and he does not falter
in the task given to him. He simply goes and does it. This is an example of his great
faith in God which we must assume is based on his time with Moses and his experience in
Egypt since Joshua definitely was one of the ones who was present and would remember the
events in Egypt and at the Reed Sea.

So the children of Israel go forth into the land of Canaan and there they are met with the
challenge of the great city of Jericho. Joshua, therefore, sends two spies to investigate
Jericho. These two spies would have been found out, put to death and their accounts never
heard if it were not for a Canaanite prostitute named Rahab, whose story we will look into
later. In order, to show the children of Israel that this victory will be by Yahweh’s own
hand He gives them a very peculiar method to go about razing the city. He says in Joshua
chapter 6 verse 3:

March around the city once with all the armed men. Do this for six days. Have seven
priests carry trumpets…in front of the ark. On the seventh day, march around the city
seven times…When you hear them sound a long blast on the trumpets have all the people give
a loud shout; then the wall of the city will collapse.

Without a doubt this is one of the more peculiar war tactics ever heard of. However,
Joshua, being a loyal servant of Yahweh does not hesitate but does as the Lord commands.
One of the reasons Yahweh has his people conquer Jericho in this bizarre way is to show
them and the people of Canaan that this victory is not Israel’s but the LORD”S! Thus the
people of Israel, seeing the walls of Jericho falling down and that their faith has
rewarded them, march into the city and kill every living thing. They utterly annihilate
Jericho! They destroy all the people and livestock. It seems to be a very gruesome and
brutal scene in the Old Testament. However, Yahweh’s will does come about and the people
are victorious!

What are we to think of this event? Is He a god of love or a god of violence? Does God
allow his people to get away with breaking one of his laws? The answer is no. If we look
further into the Bible we see that Yahweh actually commanded his people to slaughter all
the living things of the city. He says, “And when the LORD your God has delivered them
[speaking of the nations occupying the Promised Land] to you and you have defeated them,
then you must destroy them totally… and show them no mercy” (Deuteronomy 7:2). Now what do
we say to that? Not only does the Lord condone this violence but he is also the instigator
of it. It was His command to His people! This is the issue we must look into if we are not
to doubt the Bible’s authenticity or the authority and legitimacy of LORD’S own word. This
is an issue of much debate among scholars and theologians. One scholar, Paul Heinisch
calls this story “one of the imperfections of the Old Testament” (Heinisch 214). This is a
very troubling thing to Christians who are supposed to believe that the Bible never
contradicts itself and that our God is a good and just god.

We must first, then, look at it from Israel’s point of view. They were told by God that
this city (and others later in their conquest) would fall in a miraculous way and they
were to utterly destroy all the inhabitants of that city. What then did they know about
God? They knew He was their god, at least of their clan (Israel), but they also knew that
He was the god over all as He had proved with His dealing with the Egyptians a few decades
earlier. So they did not doubt His power, but what about His love? Did they even think He
was a loving God? Of course they must have, for they knew that He demanded love from them
for that is the first commandment and the second is that they should love their neighbor
as they loved themselves. Then what did they think when Yahweh told them that the way they
were going to love their neighbor’s in Jericho was to annihilate them entirely? Obviously,
they must have thought this to be insane, right? In all reality, however, they probably
didn’t. At that time in history the practice of ‘herem’ or utter destruction of a city was
the way conquests were carried out. For example, “Surley you have heard what the kings of
Assyria have done to all the countries, destroying them completely” (2 Kings 19:11). There
is evidence that other countries were ‘completely destroyed’ when they were conquered, so
this act would not be all that alarming to the Israelites. Furthermore, in their society
something which was found to be impure or against Yahewh would be declared ‘herem’ or
banned for ordinary use or contact. A city which turned away from or was in defiance of
Yahweh would be declared a ‘herem’ and must be ‘heremized’ (Hamlin 52). It was simply the
way conquests were carried out at the time. It must also be emphasized that this
destruction had nothing to do with political reasoning it was purely a religious act. We
cannot therefore compare it with other acts of conquest in which the motives behind them
were purely for political or military reasons (Davis 49). We also know that while this
appears to be the act of genocide it really was not that at all. The Israelites were not
commanded to destroy entire races of people, they were only to destroy those occupying
their land. This is known because this event is not the end of nations such as the
Canaanites or the Amorites, because in Judges 3:5 we see the Israelites living with the
Canaanites and Amorites as well as other pagan nations. So this had nothing to do with
race it was simply God giving this land to His people and making sure that it was truly
theirs by removing all other people in the land.

There is also, the view that maybe the slaughter of the people of Jericho is not the
emphasis of this story. Let’s look again at the prostitute, Rahab. She was the epitome of
everything Canaanite. She was a prostitute and a woman, who should have had no rights
anyway. However, she and her family were the only ones spared, why? Well, she hid the
spies sent by Joshua and saved their lives, in return they promised that only those of her
household would be spared. After the fall of Jericho, she (along with the rest of her
family), were accepted as full members of the Israelite community. It has been suggested
that the climax of the story of Jericho is not the fall of the city but the salvation of
Rahab (Hamlin 153). This sounds a lot more like our God. A God who focuses not on the
destruction of a city but who rejoices in the salvation of just one family. The story is
beginning to make more sense if we focus on the good parts but it still does not justify
the slaughter of an entire city.

Does anything justify this act of extreme violence? Well, as odd as it may seem this act
is in a way showing mercy to the Israelites. Yahweh is omniscient. He knows all. He knows
that were the people in the land of Canaan allowed to remain there they would influence
the children of Israel to stray from the way of the LORD. As Irving Jensen, a professor
at Moody Bible Institute puts it, “The annihilation of the entire population of Canaanite
Continues for 7 more pages >>




  • Book Review of the Killer Angels
    Book Review of the Killer Angels Between the days of July 1, 1863 and July 4, 1863, the Civil War’s outcome was decided. These four days have been known as the Battle of Gettysburg, the turning point of the war. In The Killer Angels, Michael Shaara brings us a vivid image of what the battle was like. Shaara’s work is very impressive. He is able to capture how things were during the Civil War. The fate of the country was resting on that war so the novel adds a great deal to the reader’s mind. Sha
  • Joshua by Joseph Girzone
    Joshua by Joseph Girzone Joshua and the Shepherd Copyright 1990 by Joseph Girzone Published by Simon & Schuster Inc. The book Joshua and The Shepherd is a novel, in which the author creates a model for the Catholic Church. The author, Joseph Girzone, presents the reader with many changes that could be made to the Catholic Church. He writes on the possible impact of these changes and the attempts that certain Church members take to block them. In reading this book you will quickly ascertain that
  • Killer Angels
    Killer Angels The Killer Angels The Battle of Gettysburg brought the dueling North and South together to the small town of Gettysburg and on the threshold of splitting the Union. Gettysburg was as close as the United States got to Armageddon and The Killer Angels gives the full day-to-day account of the battle that shaped America’s future. Michael Shaara tells the story of the Battle of Gettysburg through the eyes of the generals and men involved in the action of the battle. The historical accou
  • The leadership moment
    the leadership moment The Leadership Moment is a collection of "nine true stories of triumph and disaster and their lessons for us all." The stories are familiar: Eugene Kranz and Apollo 13; John Gutfreund and Salomon Brothers; Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain and the Civil War, to name a few. The stories are drawn from the past and present, represent a wide-range of challenges that include both natural and man-made disasters, and illustrate lessons of success and failure. The author, Michael Useem,
  • Capitol punishment
    capitol punishment Capital Punishment By: S.B. E-mail: shanka20@hotmail.com Capital Punishment – An Overview “The question with which we must deal is not whether a substantial proportion of American citizens would today, if polled, opine that capital punishment is barbarously cruel, but whether they would find it to be so in light of all information presently available.”- Justice Thurgood Marshall Imagine a man who commits murder once, is given a fifteen-year jail sentence and is returned to the
  • Maus 2
    Maus 2 There is an old saying that a picture says a thousand words. Art Spiegelman’s series Maus: A Survivors Tale proves this saying to a tee. Added to the dialogue, a million possibilities arise. The series is a biographical comic book about his father’s experiences during the Holocaust. It uses cats, mice, and other animals to present this very delicate subject. The first book in the series received tremendous adulation and received the National Book Critics Circle prize in biography. However
  • With or without you causation
    With or without you causation With or Without You "See the stone set in your eyes, see the thorn twist in your side. I\'ll wait, for you. Slide of hand and twist of fate, on a bed of nails see makes me wait. And I\'ll wait, without you, with or without you, with or without you. Through the storm we reach the shore, you give it all but I want more. And I\'m waiting for you, with or without you. With or without you, I can\'t live with or without you." (U2 3.) My name is Jack. I want to tell you ho
  • Battle of Gettysburg
    Battle of Gettysburg Introduction: Driving through Gettysburg people see statues and marking at different sites, if you’re do not know much history you would still know that these markings are a symbols of fallen soldiers. These soldiers never really needed to die but the North and South could not work out their differences peacefully which caused a great war in U.S. history, The Civil War. One of the biggest battles fought during the Civil war took place in the small city of Gettysburg. The bat
  • Battle of Gettysburg
    Battle of Gettysburg Introduction: Driving through Gettysburg people see statues and marking at different sites, if you’re do not know much history you would still know that these markings are a symbols of fallen soldiers. These soldiers never really needed to die but the North and South could not work out their differences peacefully which caused a great war in U.S. history, The Civil War. One of the biggest battles fought during the Civil war took place in the small city of Gettysburg. The bat
  • Hitler1
    Hitler1 What Caused Hitler to Go Wrong Have you ever wanted to know what made Hitler go bad? Most people use the normal excuse that his childhood was the cause of all of his troubles. However, the information in this report should prove that theory wrong. He was a good student in his early school years and had dreams of becoming an artist. Adolf actually had a pretty normal childhood. On April 20, 1889, Adolf Hitler was born in the small Austrian city of Branau. His father, Alois, worked as cust
  • Hitler1
    Hitler1 What Caused Hitler to Go Wrong Have you ever wanted to know what made Hitler go bad? Most people use the normal excuse that his childhood was the cause of all of his troubles. However, the information in this report should prove that theory wrong. He was a good student in his early school years and had dreams of becoming an artist. Adolf actually had a pretty normal childhood. On April 20, 1889, Adolf Hitler was born in the small Austrian city of Branau. His father, Alois, worked as cust
  • Scientific revolution
    scientific revolution The scientific advances of the seventeenth century challenged traditional concepts of God and the universe, leaving a profound effect on the rest of western civilization. Revolutionary thinkers such as Aristotle, Copernicus, Brahe, Kepler, Galilei, and Newton through their discoveries, transformed the way of thinking of an entire culture. As the people of the day searched for more logical explanations for the events they saw, Copernicus and others sought out the answers thr
  • Scientific revolution
    scientific revolution The scientific advances of the seventeenth century challenged traditional concepts of God and the universe, leaving a profound effect on the rest of western civilization. Revolutionary thinkers such as Aristotle, Copernicus, Brahe, Kepler, Galilei, and Newton through their discoveries, transformed the way of thinking of an entire culture. As the people of the day searched for more logical explanations for the events they saw, Copernicus and others sought out the answers thr
  • The Battle Of Gettysburg
    The Battle Of Gettysburg Introduction: Driving through Gettysburg people see statues and marking at different sites, if you’re do not know much history you would still know that these markings are a symbols of fallen soldiers. These soldiers never really needed to die but the North and South could not work out their differences peacefully which caused a great war in U.S. history, The Civil War. One of the biggest battles fought during the Civil war took place in the small city of Gettysburg. The
  • Gun Laws
    Gun Laws States from Michigan to Nebraska to California, as well as the federal government, are considering new rules on letting law-abiding citizens carry guns. Does allowing citizens to carry concealed handguns deter violent crimes? Or does this cause otherwise law-abiding citizens to harm each other? Thirty-one states now have guaranteed their citizens the right to carry concealed handguns if applicants do not have a criminal record or a history of significant mental illness. So what have the
  • A Culture Still Cultured
    A Culture Still Cultured Joshua Nimoy 802690737 Scott Sherman Eng 3 June, 1999 A Culture Still Cultured art n. the quality, production, expression, or realm, according to aesthetic principals, of what is beautiful, appealing, or of more than ordinary significance. –The Random House Dictionary “Josh, you just have to see the new GAP Khakis commercial!” proclaimed my excited brother. I even went as far as watching the same channel until I finally saw the commercial. I sat in front of the televisio
  • American histotry
    american histotry INTRODUCTION This exhibit is not about war. It is about the zealous account of African- Americans standing up and being counted as defenders of LIBERTY. This LIBERTY encompasses a vision of basic human rights connected with justice as accorded to all other peoples seeking freedom both inside and outside the territorial bounds of America. American history, at its best, is filled with records of the early colonial settlers searching for a place where the principles of freedom cou
  • Artwork in the 1800s
    artwork in the 1800s Artwork during that Americans did were brought on by the European style of artwork. America eventually warped that style into their own personal style concerning the type of people from different cultures who had settled in America. Spanish and Indian cultures were where folk art came from. They were mainly of church and other religious focused artwork. The painting style from the English was also a hand in the definition of the nation’s artwork. Also before cameras were inv
  • Bill Gates2
    Bill Gates2 Bill Gates Bill Gates, cofounder of the Microsoft corporation, holds 30.7 percent of its stock making him one of the richest people in the United States. He was the marketing and sales strategist behind many of Microsoft\'s software deals. Their software became the industry standard in the early 1980s and has just increased in distribution as the company has grown, so much that the Federal government is suggesting that Microsoft has violated Sherman and Clayton antitrust acts. Bill G
  • Christianity Analysis
    Christianity Analysis Christianity Analysis Christianity was traditionally understood to be founded by Jesus of Nazareth. Paul of Tarsus, after his conversion on the road to Damascus, worked tirelessly to establish Christianity among both Jews and God-fearing Gentiles of the Diaspora. Clues in the New Testament indicate that there was a significant rift between Paul and the Jewish leadership early in the history of the Church. It is primarily Paul\'s writings which has most influenced the Church
  • Christianity2
    Christianity2 Christianity Analysis Christianity was traditionally understood to be founded by Jesus of Nazareth. Paul of Tarsus, after his conversion on the road to Damascus, worked tirelessly to establish Christianity among both Jews and God-fearing Gentiles of the Diaspora. Clues in the New Testament indicate that there was a significant rift between Paul and the Jewish leadership early in the history of the Church. It is primarily Paul\'s writings which has most influenced the Church today.
  • Gates
    gates Bill Gates Bill Gates, cofounder of the Microsoft corporation, holds 30.7 percent of its stock making him one of the richest people in the United States. He was the marketing and sales strategist behind many of Microsoft\'s software deals. Their software became the industry standard in the early 1980s and has just increased in distribution as the company has grown, so much that the Federal government is suggesting that Microsoft has violated Sherman and Clayton antitrust acts. Bill Gates\'
  • Gates1
    gates1 Bill Gates Bill Gates, cofounder of the Microsoft corporation, holds 30.7 percent of its stock making him one of the richest people in the United States. He was the marketing and sales strategist behind many of Microsoft\'s software deals. Their software became the industry standard in the early 1980s and has just increased in distribution as the company has grown, so much that the Federal government is suggesting that Microsoft has violated Sherman and Clayton antitrust acts. Bill Gates\
  • How Do We Become Successful
    How Do We Become Successful Franklin E. Shoemaker 853 2770 Shannin Drive (Copyright 2000 by Franklin E. Shoemaker) St. Cloud, Florida 34771 407-957-0115 275-50-6369 HOW DO WE BECOME SUCCESSFUL? By Franklin “Ed” Shoemaker Joshua 1:7-8. Only be thou strong and very courageous, that thou mayest observe to do according to all the law, which Moses my servant commanded thee: turn not from it to the right hand or to the left, that thou mayest prosper whithersoever thou goest. This book of the law shall
  • Impact on wide area network
    Impact on wide area network PACT OF WIDE AREA NETWORKS ON BUSINESS INTRODUCTION Where does one start when discussing the impact of Wide Area Networks (WANs) on business? It\'s been huge! WANs have created an entirely new segment in the business market and revolutionized many of the current ones. A person could write for days or months about all the impacts and effects WANs have had. This essay will focus on three primary areas to describe the impact of WANs on business. First, some specific type
  • Killer angel book review
    Killer angel book review America\'s Killing Field Drive half an hour north of Washington, D.C. and you will find verdant rolling hills and flat, rich farmland, broken here and there by granite outcroppings and dark poplar forests. A place of great beauty and serenity. Close your eyes a moment, efface the houses and stores and gas stations from your mind\'s eye, and it looks pretty much as it did in July, 1863. With one huge difference. That summer its green fields were stained red with the blood
  • Killer angels
    killer angels Most people think of the Civil War as a military battle between the North and South. Without studying the subject, they do not appreciate the facts that make up this historical event. When one reads the novel, The Killer Angels, the reader will have a much better perception and understanding of what actually happened during the war. The Killer Angels, which is written by Michael Shaara, tells the epic story of the great battle of Gettysburg, which left 50,000 Confederate and Union
  • Killer angels
    killer angels Most people think of the Civil War as a military battle between the North and South. Without studying the subject, they do not appreciate the facts that make up this historical event. When one reads the novel, The Killer Angels, the reader will have a much better perception and understanding of what actually happened during the war. The Killer Angels, which is written by Michael Shaara, tells the epic story of the great battle of Gettysburg, which left 50,000 Confederate and Union
  • Leadership 101
    leadership 101 Kirk Cameron plays Cameron "Buck" Williams, a determined reporter who travels to Israel to interview famed scientist Dr. Chaim Rosenzweig about his breakthrough food-growing formula that will impact the world’s food supply. While the two are standing in the middle of a wheat field, they are caught in a surprise Arab air attack with planes falling out of the sky around them. Buck returns to the states, meets with an ex-Pentagon friend who hints at a massive conspiracy and in-turn,
  • Not Fade Away
    Not Fade Away Shakin\', Rattlin\', and Rollin\' "How does it feeeeeel To be all alloooone Like a complete unknooowwwwnn Like a rooooooolllling STONE!" - Bob Dylan Brad Thomas The music, and namely three characters, Joshua, Donna, and the ghost in Not Fade Away, are the most important elements to the book. The title alone is a song by the Grateful Dead, and throughout the entire book, music is present. George Gastin is out on the road the entire book, just like a "rolling stone," and the music is
  • Proposed Marketing Plan for Amazoncom
    Proposed Marketing Plan for Amazoncom EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Amazon.com has experienced exceptional growth since the company’s inception in early 1994. The company has grown to a massive online superstore with recent sales of .64 billion in 1999, an increase of 270% from the previous year’s sales. The stellar grow of the company’s sales can be attributed to a very strong product situation. Amazon.com’s initial target market, online book consumers, proved to be very lucrative. In addition, the expan
  • Why the Martin Luther King Jr Holiday Should Be Re
    Why the Martin Luther King Jr Holiday Should Be Repealed Removing the King\'s Crown Introduction It is generally believed that Martin Luther King, Jr., was an intelligent African-American who promoted harmony between the races. Numerous books-all of which talk about his deeds of valor to promote good-will between both blacks and whites during a time when riots and strife regularly occurred in America-have been written about his life. He is generally regarded as a man of ethics, a man who fought
  • Women of Country Music
    Women of Country Music Women in Country Music By: Allison Wolf Women studies Professor Francese 20 march 2000 introduction Music plays a very important role in my life. It’s on all the time, in my car, at work, at home when I’m eating, when I’m working on my computer, when I’m relaxing, when I’m typing this paper, I even have a radio in my bathroom. I can’t remember a time when I was younger when music didn’t play a role in my life. And I’ve listened to all kinds. From folk to classical to class
  • Paul Lawrence Dunbar
    Paul Lawrence Dunbar Paul Lawrence Dunbar, was the first important African American Poet in American Literature and the first poet to write of both a black and white audience in a time when efforts were being made to re-establish slavery. He was also “the first African-American poet to garner national critical acclaim”(43). During his short lifetime Dunbar became known as the “poet laureate of African Americans” (Columbus 45). Paul Lawrence Dunbar was born in Dayton, Ohio in 1872, to two freed s
  • Affirmative Action
    Affirmative Action If one is to discuss and problem solve an issue, he or she must first know what the issue is truly about. Affirmative action is defined as the equal opportunities given to women, minorities, and small groups so they will have the same tools, education, and allotment to achieve their goals in life. Since affirmative action came about, debate arises daily about if it is truly equal and fair. Was it a word made as a cushion to the people so they will feel equal? Another interpret
  • Affirmative Action
    Affirmative Action If one is to discuss and problem solve an issue, he or she must first know what the issue is truly about. Affirmative action is defined as the equal opportunities given to women, minorities, and small groups so they will have the same tools, education, and allotment to achieve their goals in life. Since affirmative action came about, debate arises daily about if it is truly equal and fair. Was it a word made as a cushion to the people so they will feel equal? Another interpret
  • Affirmative Action
    Affirmative Action If one is to discuss and problem solve an issue, he or she must first know what the issue is truly about. Affirmative action is defined as the equal opportunities given to women, minorities, and small groups so they will have the same tools, education, and allotment to achieve their goals in life. Since affirmative action came about, debate arises daily about if it is truly equal and fair. Was it a word made as a cushion to the people so they will feel equal? Another interpret
  • Americas Capitalistic Government
    Americas Capitalistic Government "We hold these Truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness -- That to secure these Rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just Powers from the Consent of the Governed, that whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these Ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish i
  • Mozart Effect and Music Therapy
    Mozart Effect and Music Therapy History of Music Therapy Although it is only in recent times that scientists have started to document the effects of music, the qualities of music were understood even in earliest times. Evidence suggests that dance and song preceded speech, which means that music is the original language of humans. Researcher\'s have found that about two-thirds of the inner ear\'s cilia resonate only at the higher frequencies that are commonly found in music (3,000 - 20,000 Hz).
  • A Test of Time
    A Test of Time A Test of Time: The Bible - from Myth to History by David M. Rohl Century Ltd., London, 1995 426 pp., 51 color and 424 b/w photos and graphic illustrations sterling17.99 hardcover (available at this time only in the U.K.) ISBN 0-7126-5913-7 Where to start in discussing this piece of work ? David M. Rohl s A Test of Time is quite unlike any other history book that I ve ever read from forward to final appendix. Without question since the author says so it was produced with a popular
  • To: andrews1@earthlink.net, Ben-Jam-In@juno.com (D
    asa To: andrews1@earthlink.net, Ben-Jam-In@juno.com (Darwin & Yolanda Benjamin), bonlon@earthlink.net (Lonnie Carrow), berti768@pacbell.net, brobear@richnet.net, JustMrkJ@aol.com, bruce@brucebellwood.com, CAMARTIN@mediaone.com, carlasue@cyberhighway.net, Christianbooknews@christianbook.comChristianbooknews@christianbook.com, claughton1@llnl.gov (Mike Claughton), Cmx@aol.com, YOMIKE4052@aol.com, RobnRushl@aol.com, corrineg@clayart.net, ctyler@jps.net, doug@cma-wa.com, drh@one-way.org, eddance.fam
  • Bible versus Evolution
    Bible versus Evolution "All of you know what I stand for - what I believe! I believe in the truth of the Book of Genesis! Exodus! Leviticus! Numbers! Deuteronomy! Joshua! Judges! Ruth! First Samuel! Second Samuel! First Kings! Second Kings! Isaiah! Jerimiah! Lamentations! Ezeikiel ..." This is the near manical cry of the character Matthew Harrison Brady in Inherit the Wind. His cry ends as a plea, after coming to realize that his argument is now weak. Throughout the play, based on the Scopes Mon
  • Book of deuteronomy
    book of deuteronomy The Book of Deuteronomy is the fifth book of the Bible, or the last book of the Pentateuch. Deuteronomy literally means "Second Law." This title conveys its nature and purpose. In other words, this book is a repetition of the law that was given to Moses and his people on Mount Sinai. It is also a completion and explanation of that law. Besides that, this book also continues on from previous events that happened in the first four books of the Bible. It helps to bring to focus
  • Hinduism
    Hinduism Hinduism Hinduism was founded sometime between 1500 and 500 CE in the are of the Indus valley civilization. There is no individual founder and no names given to say who developed it. They are many gods in the religion of Hinduism. Many Hindu followers believe that one of the gods is the true god, this creates a division in Hinduism, Vaishnavaism and Shivaism. People who follow Vaishnavaism believe that Vishnu is the one true god and people who follow Shivasim believe that Shiva is the o
  • Hinduism
    Hinduism Hinduism Hinduism was founded sometime between 1500 and 500 CE in the are of the Indus valley civilization. There is no individual founder and no names given to say who developed it. They are many gods in the religion of Hinduism. Many Hindu followers believe that one of the gods is the true god, this creates a division in Hinduism, Vaishnavaism and Shivaism. People who follow Vaishnavaism believe that Vishnu is the one true god and people who follow Shivasim believe that Shiva is the o
  • Hinduism
    Hinduism Hinduism Hinduism was founded sometime between 1500 and 500 CE in the are of the Indus valley civilization. There is no individual founder and no names given to say who developed it. They are many gods in the religion of Hinduism. Many Hindu followers believe that one of the gods is the true god, this creates a division in Hinduism, Vaishnavaism and Shivaism. People who follow Vaishnavaism believe that Vishnu is the one true god and people who follow Shivasim believe that Shiva is the o
  • Judus General Essay
    Judus General Essay The Apostle who betrayed his Divine Master. The name Judas (Ioudas) is the Greek form of Judah (Hebrew "praised"), a proper name frequently found both in the Old and the New Testament. Even among the Twelve there were two that bore the name, and for this reason it is usually associated with the surname Iscariot [Heb. "a man of Kerioth" or Carioth, which is a city of Judah (cf. Joshua 15:25)]. There can be no doubt that this is the right interpretation of the name, though the
  • Religions
    religions Christianity was traditionally understood to be founded by Jesus of Nazareth. Paul of Tarsus, after his conversion on the road to Damascus, worked tirelessly to establish Christianity among both Jews and God-fearing Gentiles of the Diaspora. Clues in the New Testament indicate that there was a significant rift between Paul and the Jewish leadership early in the history of the Church. It is primarily Paul\'s writings which has most influenced the Church today. Christians span the globe
  • Remnant
    Remnant Craig W. M. Friedley Sr. Timothy RS 211 Introduction to the Bible 12 Nov 2000 Remnant as seen in the Old Testament Remnant - n (C) a small piece or amount of something that is left from a larger original piece or amount (Cambridge 1202). Remnant - The portion of a community which is left, in the case of a devastating calamity; the portion upon which the possible future existence of the community depends (Interpreter\'s 32). Among the many themes that are seen throughout the books of the
  • Sexual Inequality in the Old Testament
    Sexual Inequality in the Old Testament In today’s society women are looked upon ignorantly by the male gender. This attitude derived from the naïve men of the Old Testament. They did not see women as being an important part of history and therefore hardly spoke of them. When women were mentioned it was usually in a condescending fashion. Even with genealogies in the Old Testament women were not listed as if to show that they were not important and of no concern. Women in the Old Testament our vi