Essay on ISO 9000

This essay has a total of 1901 words and 10 pages.

ISO 9000

ISO 9000

Nowadays, the quality standards play a very important role in the international business.
The movement towards standardization began changing the whole concept of managing
business. The importance of quality awareness is accepted by a great number of companies
in Europe and in the United States. It is recognized as an essential criteria for the sale
of products and services all over the world.

What should be remembered is that most companies will benefit from becoming registered to
an ISO 9000 standard both in the short and long terms. In the short term, it will give
companies a competitive edge because of the positive impact the quality assurance system
will have on product/service quality, cost savings, access to markets, and overall
efficiency of operations. In the longer term, ISO registration will increasingly become a
requirement to do business in areas such as the European Community, as well as other vital
markets. (www.xanedu.com).

The global market becomes more competitive every day. Companies are looking for ways to
obtain advantages over the competitors. One of the brilliant solutions to this situation
is gaining ISO 9000 certification. ISO 9000 standards are international quality standards.
They are universal in the sense that they can be adopted to any kind of business. The ISO
9000 series is designed to be applicable to any manufacturing or service process. The
series is revised and controlled by Technical Committee (TC) 176. It consists of
international members from many areas of industry and science. (Avery, 1995).

The need to be ISO 9000 certified becomes so attractive that it captures the minds of all
the levels of corporate management. It influences the organization from the top executives
to clerks and process operators. The movement to the quality management transforms
businesses. Why is ISO 9000 so important? At some point, it is a matter of resource
allocation. How does management allocate scarce resource such as time, energy and money?
ISO 9000 becomes a marketing tool which shows customers that the company offers high
quality products. While other companies do not have the certification, it is one step
further to be more competitive at the market. (www.xanedu.com)

We can find out why the standardization is so important, if we look back to the history.
During the 1970s and 1980s, the science of quality control changed from
inspection-dominant to system-oriented organizations. The focus altered from the end
result orientation to the process of production. The background of this theory was that if
the process of production was well organized, then the final product would be of the
appropriate quality. Such approach served as the basis for quality improvement. Later,
when the production process was maintained, and companies saw improvement in production
size and the quality, everybody began realizing the importance of the orientation towards
quality standards.

But another problem appeared. Many of the existed standards could not make the transition
from product orientation to process orientation. Some countries realized the need for
making changes in their own requirements. As the companies entered the global market, the
difference of standard requirements led the producers toward confusion. To eliminate some
of the confusion, the International Organization for Standardization, headquartered in
Geneva, Switzerland, developed an international quality system standard, called ISO 9000.
The first standards were published in 1987. (Greene, 1991).

One of the objectives of ISO 9000 standards are business benefits. Thus the ISO 9000
standards aim at profitable increase of turnover and market share. In this case, such
benefits are gained in the result of cost decreases. ISO 9000 also increases stakeholder
confidence and customers' reliance on the quality of the product. It adds value to the
company which acquire ISO 9000 certification. Most companies have three overall goals to
mix: minimize costs, maximize profits, and maximize customer satisfaction. This way, the
benefits, expected from ISO certification, are both external and internal. The customers
perceive the product as having superior product quality and willingly buy it. Having
adopted ISO 9000, the company gains trust from the customers and suppliers. The company,
using this advantage, increases sales. Since the standards are considered to be
universally accepted quality standards, the company also gets worldwide recognition. And
finally, it increases its stock value. (www.xanedu.com).

Understanding and controlling all fields of the production process leads to reduction of
costs. ISO 9000 gives an opportunity to reduces manufacturing lead times and work in
process. (Harrington, 2002). The documentation aspect of ISO is really very important:
once the company starts documenting, it develops uniformity in different shift operations.
A good documentation can also lead to reductions in training time. With the help of ISO
9000, more effective work instructions are created for employees. The company can reduce
the amount of time required to train them. (Brown, 1997). Another a very important factor
is that the employees discuss their procedures within ISO standards. It leads to clarity
of process documentation.

Consequently, ISO 9000 leads to increase in productivity, meanwhile the inventories are
decreased. It lowers costs, and increase sales. This way, it increases the material flow
efficiency. The production and inventory control becomes more clear and transparent. All
uncertainty is minimized, while discipline increases. (Craft, 1994).

Today, these ISO standards are the most widely recognized and accepted international
standards. Quality is becoming increasingly important, therefore many companies are
seeking registration to demonstrate to their customers that they are in control of their
businesses. There are currently about 40,000 organizations in the world registered under
ISO 9003, 9002, or 9001 standards. By 1992, more than 20,000 companies in the EC had
registered, compared to about 600 in the United States. The Japanese not only have adopted
the standards, but also encourage registration among the companies. Many other countries
are moving rapidly toward ISO 9000 registration. (Avery, 1995).

In some situations, ISO standards become vital for a company to find the customer. It can
be very harmful not to have the standards, since ISO are required for products by European
Community. (Bodinson, 1991).

How does a company adopt ISO 9000? The involvement of top management is the most important
element in preparing for ISO registration. Senior management must drive the process,
managing the time and expense connected with obtaining the registration. It is essential
that every employee have a clear understanding of ISO 9000. Everyone must be aware of his
role in the organization process.

Once a company is sure that ISO implementation will be beneficial, it must select the ISO
9000 quality system standard. The preparation process demands a lot of time, and it
depends how well the organization's current quality system meets the requirements of the
chosen standards. Usually, this process takes from eighteen to twenty four months. The
purchase of ISO 9000 becomes a long strategy decision. Audit is the first thing to do. The
first thing an auditor looks for is documentation. After examining the documentation, the
auditor checks if the company production process follows the documentation. Such approach
not only ensures quality of products, but also ensures confidence in the process of
standardization.

ISO 9001 establishes a management system that provides confidence of the product to the
Continues for 5 more pages >>




  • A Rose for Emily
    A Rose for Emily The Symbolism and Characterization in "A Rose for Emily" by William Faulkner In the short story "A Rose for Emily" by William Faulkner, the macabre ending is foreshadowed by the story\'s opening with Miss Emily Grierson\'s death and funeral. The bizarre outcome is further emphasized throughout by the symbolism of the decaying house, which parallels Miss Emily\'s physical deterioration and demonstrates her ultimate mental disintegration. Her life, like the house which decays arou
  • All Quiet on the Westren Front
    All Quiet on the Westren Front All Quiet on the Western Front – Chapter SummaryBy: Jesse CodyAll Quiet on the Western Front is an anti-war novel from the opening chapters. Many critics of the novel in the early days after the publication of the novel blamed Remarque for writing for shock value. They did not want to believe his novel represented the truth about World War I. In many ways, such people were like Paul\'s schoolmaster, Kantorek. They wanted to cling to classical, romantic notions of w
  • Article Summaries
    Article Summaries Article 1- Excavating Egypt (Newsprint) This article tells of a typical working day for an archaeologist in Egypt. It tells of an experienced archaeologist named, Dr. David O’Connor. He speaks of his working site, Abydos, and tells of what he has discovered since he started working on the site. In his 30 years of working there, he has uncovered 12 wooden boats, each about 60 feet long encased in 96-foot graves. He has also found the remains of an entire settlement covering abou
  • Computer Programming
    Computer Programming Computer Programmer Matt Katz Writing for the Real World Pelkey November 30, 1999 Computer Systems Analyst I push the button, I hear a noise, and the screen comes alive. My computer loads up and starts to process. I see the start screen for Windows 95, and I type in my password. Even though this takes time, I know that I will be able to do whatever I want to do without any trouble, without any glitches, without any questions. My computer is now easier to use and more user fr
  • Emerson
    Emerson When I received the criteria for this essay I knew that writing this would be a personal challenge to myself. My motivation and interest in being a journalist is so vast that I knew that I would have trouble squeezing it all into a mere 500 word essay. In addition, I would have to list my experience in journalism. During my high school years I have accumulated so much experience due to the responsibilities bestowed on me, that it would be hard to describe them all. As I entered my sophom
  • Ethnic diversity
    ethnic diversity Affirmative action can be defined as action taken to compensate for past unfairness in the education of minorities. The current system of affirmative action allows universities to admit applicants from certain ethnic and minority groups with lower credentials. The main purpose of affirmative action is to produce a diverse campus population that is comparable to today\'s society. The use of race as a facto by which someone is admitted to college in the long run will compromise th
  • I can fly a kite
    i can fly a kite I can fly a kite, make a great roast beef sandwich, read an entire Patricia Cornwell paperback book in less than a day and change a diaper without flinching. These characteristics combined are what separate me from the hundreds of other students that apply to Lynchburg College, that and the fact that I am applying with only one week left before classes start. Writing this college essay seven days before the start of the spring semester at Lynchburg College is a very unusual move
  • I granaimall
    I granaimall Report form: Name: I Granai-Panorama Site: Via del Tintoretto – Zona Laurentina Size: Around 130 commercial activities plus a supermarket; square meters of commercial area 150000mq. Accessibility: The situation of the local roads is good and well organized even if it is a bit far away from the GRA- The parking situation is very good, there is an outside one (payment) and a free internal one. The place is relatively close to the tube; Bus n°767 .The bus stop, is 25 meters away from t
  • Minorities with ethical problems
    Minorities with ethical problems Companies are faced with ethical discrimation. Hiring an employee has always been a major thing for the company, givin them a choice to choose two different people with the same qualifications always makes it hard of the company to choose the person that they feel is right for them. Companies are always face with providing quality and custemer service for the consumer. They must provide equal employement opportunities to job finders. Companies often break that eq
  • My Career
    My Career Architecture and designs are two areas that I’ve always wanted to study. There are several reasons why I wish to study design at the University of California Los Angeles. It is well known for its superior education and research. It has a very good faculty and many facilities such as libraries. The faculty is highly qualified in the field of design and architecture. There is a wide variety of programs offered, which is an advantage to students. UCLA is a more up to date university in th
  • NHS Acceptance Essay
    NHS Acceptance Essay The standards for entrance into the National Honor Society are scholarship, leadership, character, and service. Through this paper I will strive to prove that I possess all of these qualities, and moreover, that I am qualified for entrance into an organization as prestigious as the National Honor Society. Over the past four years as a scholar, I believe that I have demonstrated all of these characteristics. That I have the scholarly ability required to be a NHS member is ind
  • Population growth
    population growth POPULATION GROWTH We are in grave , grave trouble. There are 3,6 billion human beings on the face of the Earth.According to our best estimates, there are somewhere between three and seven times more people than this planet can possibly maintain over a long period of time. …Non-renewable resources are being exhausted at a horrendous rate, and we are destroying the capability of the planetary ecosystem to renew the supply of renewable resources. (Hinrichs,8) The worse however is
  • ROMANTICISM
    ROMANTICISM Romanticism literature in poetry and how it effects everyday society. "I have no quarrel, it is scarcely necessary to add, either with the man of science or the romanticist when they keep in their proper place." (Gleckner 33). Some people are still unclear of the exact boundaries in which literature is considered Romanticism, but few common relations seem to be apparent in all or most pieces."The Romantic believes that the particular qualities which make-up humanness - mind, purpose,
  • Beethoven
    beethoven The Civil Rights Movement The Civil Rights Movement in the United States was a political, legal, and social struggle by black Americans to gain full citizenship rights and to achieve racial equality. The Civil Rights movement was first and foremost a challenge to segregation. During the Civil Rights Movement, individuals and organizations challenged segregation and discrimination with a variety of activities, including protest marches, boycotts, and refusal to abide by segregation laws
  • Ben Franklin BiographyCritique
    Ben Franklin BiographyCritique Ben Franklin: Early Life In his many careers as a printer, moralist, essayist, civic leader, scientist, inventor, statesman, diplomat, and philosopher, for later generations of Americans he became both a spokesman and a model for the national character. He was born in Boston, Massachusetts on Jan. 17, 1706, into a religious Puritan household. His father, Josiah, was a candlemaker and a skillful mechanic. His mother, Abiah Ben’s parents raised thirteen children--the
  • Bitter Rivals Henry Cabot Lodge and Woodrow Wilson
    Bitter Rivals Henry Cabot Lodge and Woodrow Wilson Bitter Rivals: Woodrow Wilson and Henry Cabot Lodge Political rivalries define American government. The dual-party system by nature sets up partisan rivalries between members of all three branches of our government – rivalries that have at times pushed our government to progress and at other times slowed it to a grinding halt. The contrasting backgrounds and resulting political ideologies of Woodrow Wilson and Henry Cabot Lodge created a modern
  • Calvinism
    calvinism Since John Calvin first introduced the belief of election, it has caused debate among theologians in many Protestant churches. John Calvin’s beliefs consisted of five general themes. The first of the is the most important concept of understanding the beliefs of grace. Due to the fall, man, in his spiritually dead state, is unable of himself to savingly believe the Gospel. The sinner is totally dead, and cannot natural turn to the things of God, not seek Him. Man\'s is deceitful and des
  • Education and Egalitarianism in America
    Education and Egalitarianism in America The American educator Horace Mann once said: "As an apple is not in any proper sense an apple until it is ripe, so a human being is not in any proper sense a human being until he is educated." Education is the process through which people endeavor to pass along to their children their hard-won wisdom and their aspirations for a better world. This process begins shortly after birth, as parents seek to train the infant to behave as their culture demands. The
  • Entrepreneurial Adventure
    Entrepreneurial Adventure Entrepreneurial Adventure: The Development of Economics in The United States “Capitalism came in the first ships.” -Carl N. Degler Barit Brown United States History Saturday, March 18, 2000 4,753 words The United States was a nation of development. It was a nation of growth and of innovation. From the signing of the Declaration of Independence, to the end of World War II and so forth, complex dilemmas called for complex solutions and complex solutions called for innovat
  • “Governments should discourage mergers in the comm
    fo “Governments should discourage mergers in the communication industry.” Our group will be disagreeing with this statement through out the project. We will be using texts and examples in order to support our ideas. Also we will be using reasoning and common sense in some cases. Our group believes the most important mergers in the communication industry are the telecommunication companies’. Bell Atlantic and GTE are the two big mergers in the industry and are a good example for our case. This me
  • Founder of the Black Panther Party Huey P Newton A
    Founder of the Black Panther Party Huey P Newton A Forgotten Legacy In the late 1960\'s and early \'70\'s posters of the Black Panther Party\'s co-founder, Huey P. Newton were plastered on walls of college dorm rooms across the country. Wearing a black beret and a leather jacket, sitting on a wicker chair, a spear in one hand and a rifle in the other, the poster depicted Huey Newton as a symbol of his generation\'s anger and courage in the face of racism and classism. He is the man whose intelle
  • Good morning Vietnam
    good morning Vietnam The movie “Good Morning, Vietnam” Directed by Barry Levinson and written by Mitch Markowitz Had a solid view, that was portrayed in many ways, on the roles of the North Vietnamese, South Vietnamese, and American Soldiers. It also depicted a clear picture of the Vietnamese Civilians and Viet Cong. The film began with a clear-cut portrayal of American Soldiers within the confounds of an office, and the discrepancies amongst the high ranking and higher ranking Officers. Robin W
  • Huey P Newton and The Black Panther Party
    Huey P Newton and The Black Panther Party During the late 1960\'s and early \'70\'s posters of the Black Panther Party\'s co-founder, Huey P. Newton were plastered on walls of college dorm rooms across the country. Wearing a black beret and a leather jacket, sitting on a wicker chair, a spear in one hand and a rifle in the other, the poster depicted Huey Newton as a symbol of his generation\'s anger and courage in the face of racism and imperialism (Albert and Hoffman 4, 45). His intellectual ca
  • Malcom X
    Malcom X Humans are shaped through interactions and experiences with other individuals. What happened to us in the childhood directly forms our identity, character and morality. To display causality of this statement, I will examine childhood encounters of a man called Malcolm X and their impact. Malcolm Little, also known as Malcolm X experienced childhood full of hurdles. He had to face them only because of the dark color of his skin. One of those hurdles was the murder of his father, who as B
  • Martin luther king
    martin luther king One of the worlds best known advocates of non-violent social change strategies, Martin Luther King Jr. (MLK), synthesized ideals drawn from many different cultural traditions. Recent studies of him emphasize the extent to which his ideals were rooted in African-American religious traditions which were then shaped by his education. The image of a social activist and leader was the result of extensive formal education, strong personal values and licit ethics. This excellence in
  • Martin luther king
    martin luther king One of the worlds best known advocates of non-violent social change strategies, Martin Luther King Jr. (MLK), synthesized ideals drawn from many different cultural traditions. Recent studies of him emphasize the extent to which his ideals were rooted in African-American religious traditions which were then shaped by his education. The image of a social activist and leader was the result of extensive formal education, strong personal values and licit ethics. This excellence in
  • None Provided1
    None Provided1 John D. Rockefeller: A Robber Baron Or the Efficient Businessman John Davison Rockefeller has been accused by many as being a Robber Baron over the past century. He created the most powerful corporation the United States had ever seen: The Standard Oil Company. He began Standard Oil in 1865 and by 1881, it was comprised of more than forty other companies. In 1882 Rockefeller created the Standard Oil Trusts, and his company had become the most efficient corporation, producing the h
  • Politics in the Guilded Age
    Politics in the Guilded Age Essay Topic 2 Politics in the Gilded Age Daniel Thompson 739 Words Discuss Politics in the Gilded Age. Include major political events and issues, and the roles of the bloody shirt, corruption, patronage, and reform movements. The term Gilded Age was named for a Mark Twain book. It meant covered with gold, and was applied to this period as a whole. This was a period of corruption in sordid politics. The Republicans and Democrats didnt really have strong opposing bel
  • Science and inventions
    science and inventions Leonardo Da Vinci is one of the greatest and most ingenious men that history has produced. His contributions in the areas of art, science, and humanity are still among the most important that a single man has put forth, definitely making his a life worth knowing. Da Vinci, born on April 15, 1452, is credited with being a master painter, sculptor, architect, musician, engineer, and scientist. He was born an illegitimate child to Catherina, a peasant girl. His father was Ser
  • Slavery
    slavery The Slaves’ And The Slaveowners’ Views Of Slavery “That face of his, the hungry cannibals Would not have touched, would not have stained with blood;-- But you are more inhuman, more inexorable, Oh! ten times more than tigers of Hyrcania.” Shakespeare I chose the topic about slavery for my research paper because I thought it would be an interesting experience doing research about slavery. It is American history and the more we know about it, the better we can understand what is going on t
  • The last kamikaze
    the last kamikaze The Last Kamikaze. Edwin P. Hoyt. Praeger Publishers, 1993. Pp.xvi, 235. The Last Kamikaze is a book written by well-recognized military historian Edwin P. Hoyt about Matome Ugaki, a Vice Admiral in the Japanese Imperial Navy during World War II. The book chronicles the diary of Ugaki from preparing for the attack on Pearl Harbor to his final suicide mission in 1945. Using his own style of part-biography, part-historiography, Hoyt intermixes exerts from Ugaki’s diary with his o
  • Theory of Evolution
    Theory of Evolution CHARLES DARWIN AND THE THEORY OF EVOLUTION It is commonly thought today that the theory of evolution originated from Darwin in the nineteenth century. However, the idea that species mutate over time has been around for a long time in one form or another. Therefore, by Darwin\'s time the idea that species change from one type into another was by no means new, but was rejected by most because the proponents of evolution could not come up with a satisfactory mechanism that would
  • Trail of Tears
    Trail of Tears The Federalists vs. The Anti-Federalists When the revolutionary war was over, the American colonists had found themselves free of British domination. Due to the fact that they were free from British control, they wanted to create their own system of government where tyranny would be practically diminished. Originally, the separate states were connected by The Articles of Confederation. But this document gave the central government no power of their own. Because of this, the states
  • Macular Degeneration
    Macular Degeneration Macular Degeneration Condition: Macular Degeneration is a problem in the part of the eye that controls your sharpest central vision. It is a group of diseases that result in a loss of detailed vision. The brain will not just leave the spot empty, so it learns to fill it in with spotty macular cell damage. People most of the time don\'t tell their doctors (opthalmologists) about it until it is well in advance. There are two types of Macular Degeneration. Juvenile Macular Dege
  • Schizophrenia
    Schizophrenia Schizophrenia Josh Schizophrenia is a debilitating mental disorder characterized by a dysfunctional thinking process and withdrawal from the outside world. The word schizophrenia comes from two Greek words schizo which means split and phrenia, which means mind. This doesnt mean that a person with the disorder has multiple personalities, but rather parts of the mind seem to be operating independent of each other. The disease affects approximately 1 in 100 people and there are thoug
  • Animal Rights Vs Human Rights
    Animal Rights Vs Human Rights „h Laboratory animals The use of laboratory animals is important to three main areas: biomedical research, product safety testing, and education. Biomedical researchers use animals to extend their understanding of the workings of the body and the processes of disease and health, and to develop new vaccines and treatments for various diseases. The research these people do isn¡¦t only for human benefit; it is also helping to develop veterinary techniques. The industry
  • Foals The First Year
    Foals The First Year Foals: The First Year RUSTY MILLER STATEMENT DESCRIBING CAREER GOALS AND RESEARCH INTERESTS MASTERS IN ANIMAL SCIENCE AUGUST 1, 2000 RESEARCH INTERESTS AND BACKGROUND INFORMATION Introduction: The following is a report on my research information on foal’s nutritional need through there first year of life. This report will also show a research project that I would like to do for my Masters degree I. Nutrition A. Nutritional Requirement 1. Details of general nutrition 2. Requi
  • Spiders
    Spiders Spiders This report deals with testing the toxicity of certain chemicals on spiders, and determining the toxicity by how it affects it’s ability to weave it’s web. This report contains research on the four chemicals (benzedrine, chloral hydrate, caffeine, and alcohol) as wellas the spiders and their webs. Spiders are of course found in the class Arachnidia, which also contain mites, scorpions, and other arthropods. The order which spiders are classified under is called Araneae, a word of
  • American indians
    american indians American Indians Indians in eastern North America possessed no alcohol at the beginning of the colonial period. By 1800, so much alcohol flowed through the Indian villages east of the Mississippi that each community were forced to decide to take it or not and they made a tragic choice by taking it because it destroyed their cultural. The Indians who drank did so to the point of intoxication enjoyed the experience they got from it. If Indians chose to drink out of frustration and
  • Architecture and Burials in the Maya and Aztec
    Architecture and Burials in the Maya and Aztec Plundering and carnage were the overlying results of the Spanish conquest of MesoAmerica beginning in 1519. The ensuing years brought many new "visitors," mostly laymen or officials in search of wealth, though the Christianity toting priest was ever present. Occasionally a man from any of these classes, though mainly priests would be so in awe of the civilization they were single handedly massacring that they began to observe and document things suc
  • Crop Production
    Crop Production Beginning about 12,000 years ago, the human population began a trend that completely changed the way we, as a race, evolved. For the first time in history, humans pushed beyond the restraints of traditional hunting and gathering, into domestication and farming. It was a change that would not only take thousands of years to prove worthy, but also may have set us back on the evolutionary path at the time. Along the path to this point, we have been constantly changing and finding ne
  • Diet and Primate Evolution
    Diet and Primate Evolution Diet and Primate Evolution Variation in the choices of food on a daily, seasonal, and yearly basis is one of the greatest differences between primate species. Primate diets have generally been divided into three main food categories-fruit, leaves and fauna (including insects, spiders, and bird\'s eggs for the most part). The different diets also are referred to as Frugivores, Folivores, and Insectivores (fruits, leaves and insects respectively). These gross dietary cat
  • Gender profiling of San Sherpas Yanomamo
    Gender profiling of San Sherpas Yanomamo 1. Gender inequality San Women’s status in Sun community is very high and their influence considerable. They maintain a status that is higher than that women in many societies in the world. Although women may be nearly equal to men, men do seem to have the upper hand. There is no prerogative in relation to the important sources of influence in San society. Since there is no formal leaders or hierarchies, decisions are made on the basis of group consensus.
  • HOW TOOLS TRANSFORMED PROTOHUMANS
    HOW TOOLS TRANSFORMED PROTOHUMANS HOW TOOLS TRANSFORMED PROTO-HUMANS INTO MODERN HUMANS According to archeological and physical record, tool use has had an enormous effect in the transformation of proto humans into modern humans. What stimulated tool use was the proto humans intrest in new and easier ways to do things. With the introduction of tools, body morphology changed and reproductive fitness increased. Evolution did not happened over night. It took 4.5 million years for humans to get wher
  • Human Sexuality
    Human Sexuality Study of Human Sexual Behavior Human sexual behavior is just one of the many things anthropologist study when it comes to humans. Humans are highly complex and social beings. We often wonder why we do the things we do. Why do some people cheat, while others stay monogamous? Behavior is not an easy thing to study because it is subject to change and is continuously changing. There is no clear-cut reason for human behaviors, unlike mammals, humans can reject or override genetics. We
  • The Aztecs A case study
    The Aztecs A case study The Aztecs are an ancient culture that had many customs and rituals that by modern standards are considered barbaric. Their culture was made up of different social classes, and was primitive yet very advanced. They were located in the mainland of Mexico, and their empire was quite vast over that area. Their culture began around 1100, and ended around 1520. The exact numbers of the Aztecs is not known due to the age of their culture, but judging by the size of their empire
  • Between Silence and Light
    Between Silence and Light Between The Silence and The Light Introduction Architecture is a meeting place between the measurable and the unmeasurable. The art of design is not only rooted in the aesthetic form, but in the soul of the work. In Phenomena and Idea, Stephen Holl once wrote, " The thinking-making couple of architecture occurs in silence. Afterward, these "thoughts" are communicated in the silence of phenomenal experiences. We hear the "music" of architecture as we move through spaces
  • Bruce Goffs Bavinger House
    Bruce Goffs Bavinger House Introduction: Bruce Goff¡¦s working career spanned sixty-six years, from 1916, when he began working in an architect¡¦s office, until his death in 1982. During that time he received more than 450 commissions for buildings and related designs, resulting in more than 500 proposals of which at least 147 were realized. Bruce Goff occupied a unique place in American architecture. His buildings looked like those of no other architect. His idiosyncratic designs juxtaposed sha
  • Gothic Influence
    Gothic Influence The church in the Middle Ages was a place that all people, regardless of class, could belong to. As a source of unity, its influence on art and architecture was great during this time. As society drew away from the feudal system of the Romanesque period, a new spirit of human individualism began to take hold; alas, the birth of Gothic. Here, the Church became a place where humanity became more acceptable, alas becoming the ideal place to visual such new ideals. The beauty and el
  • Michael Graves
    Michael Graves Michael Graves Michael Graves, born the summer or 1934 in Indianapolis, knew he wanted to be an artist by the age of six. Encouraged by his mother to seek a more practical career, Graves choose architecture. After studying at the University of Connecticut, he got his master\'s degree at Harvard University. After finishing school in 1959, he moved to New York City where he worked at the office of George Nelson. While working in New York, Graves received a fellowship to study at Ame