Israel Past & Present Essays and Papers

This essay has a total of 858 words and 4 pages.

Israel Past & Present

Israel Past & Present
After World War II, Jewish refugees moved to Palestine to escape the countries which had
persecuted them for years. The Israelis met conflict while re-settling in Palestine. The
Palestinians felt as though the Israelis were unjustly staking claims on Palestinian
lands. The Israelis felt as though they had rights bestowed by God to Palestinian lands.
Israelis also argued the fact that the Palestinians as a group never really had a
homeland. These conflicting points of view quickly sparked a fire which ignited a long and
bitter war between the Palestinians and the Israelis.

During this time period, Palestine was a British governed territory. When the fighting
between the two sides escalated, Britain relinquished control of Palestine to the United
Nations, fearing involvement in the strife. Once in control of Palestine, the United
Nations partitioned the area now called Israel into random sections of Palestinian and
Israeli controls.

As the fighting continued to heat up, the United States came to the aid of the Israeli
cause; partially as repayment for United States inaction during World War II. Jordan,
Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and the Palestinians teamed up to push the Israelis out of Palestine
and to regain control of Israel for the Palestinians. With five to one odds, Israel stood
up to the offensive attack and defeated the offensive forces with the help of United
States military supplies. Besides winning the battle, Israel also gained control of entire
country of Israel as a result of the "five to one odds war." In 1956, Egypt planned to
invade Israel; however Israel struck Egypt first and easily defeated their offensive. In
1967, Egypt, Syria, and Jordan banded together to invade Israel. This offensive has come
to be called the "six days war." Israel once again defeats the offensives and took the
Gaza Strip (Egypt) and the West Bank. (Jordan). As a result of the "six days war," Egypt
gained the Golan Heights. In 1973, Egypt and Syria attack Israel during Yom Kippur; Israel
is once again victorious and gains the ever important Sinai Peninsula from Egypt. This war
has come to be called the Yom Kippur War.

After much conflict, the warring countries decided on trying to establish a peace
agreement between the countries. In 1979, the Camp David Accords were held and the first
middle-eastern peace treaty was signed by Egypt and Israel. Egypt agreed to recognize
Israel as a country and Israel agreed to relinquish control of the Sinai Peninsula to
Egypt. Shortly hereafter, Sadat, the Egyptian Prime Minister, was assassinated by an
Egyptian extremist. The concept of peace did not take well with the Arab peoples, they did
not want peace; they wanted revenge and justice at any or all costs. In 1995, another
peace treaty was signed between Israeli leader, Rabin, and Palestinian leader, Arafat.
Once again, extremist groups took poorly to this concept and shortly hereafter, Rabin was

Many other conflicts took place hereafter in Middle-Eastern history, such as the Persian
Gulf War, where Iraq invaded Kuwait and ultimately drew in United States forces to defend
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