It was inevitable that the revolution of 1905 woul Essay

This essay has a total of 897 words and 4 pages.

It was inevitable that the revolution of 1905 would fail

Although Russia was in desperate need of a revolution, the 1905 revolution ultimately
failed. At the time, much of the Russian population was unhappy with the government and
demanded reforms. On the other hand, Nicholas II believed reforms would undermine his
autocratic power and would not allow them (at least not without a fight). Russia's
people's discontent grew and grew from every level of society until 9th January when the
revolution of 1905 began. Considering the people's huge discontent due to political,
social and economic problems, it would seem inevitable that the necessary revolution would
succeed. However, other factors need to be considered, such as Nicholas II as an autocrat
and his reaction to the revolution.


Although there was discontent from all levels of society, one of the driving forces behind
the revolution was the urban workers. They demanded reforms regarding the terrible
conditions they worked under. Due to the fact they worked under the two-shift system,
often two workers had to share the rights to a single bunk bed, and that's if they were
lucky. Many slept next to their workbenches. They worked in overcrowded factories in
unhygienic and uncomfortable conditions. The urban workers had to endure 12-hour working
days and had no trade unions. They had no representation, but wanted 8 hours working days.
The workers participated in riots, demonstrations and strikes hoping to get the reforms
they wanted, but the Tsar would not allow them. Considering the Tsar was unwilling to
grant the much needed reforms the urban workers desperately wanted, revolution seems
necessary (and likely to succeed) based on this factor alone.


Like the urban workers, the rest of Russian society also demanded reform. The peasants
demanded reform in relation to their poor living conditions. This is due to the problem of
poverty among peasants. Even after they were emancipated in 1861, they still had to make
redemption payments, keeping them financially crippled. The middle class were fed up with
the control on the viewpoints they expressed, and the fact they had no say in the running
of the country. They wanted freedom of speech and a constitution. The non-Russians also
resented the government. They were strongly against their Russiafication policy as it
didn't allow them speak their own language, let alone practice their own beliefs and
traditions. It is this discontent from every level of society that suggests the revolution
would be likely to succeed. Almost everybody in Russia was not happy with the government,
yet the government seemed very reluctant to budge. The only solution, it seemed, was a
revolution.


The main reason why the revolution of 1905 was destined to fail was the fact Nicholas II
was a firm believer in Russia staying as an autocracy. As an autocrat, the Tsar had
absolute power. He felt he had a divine right to rule Russia and unlimited control over
the people of Russia. He made the law, and because of his pro-military attitude, enforced
it harshly. He believed reforms would undermine him as an autocrat, so he would not allow
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