Jack In The First Five Chapters Essay

This essay has a total of 2260 words and 7 pages.

Jack In The First Five Chapters

At the start of the novel, there has been an atomic explosion, and the children have been
evacuated in an aircraft with a detachable passenger tube. The aircraft has been attacked
and released the tube while flying over tropical seas. The tube has crash landed in the
jungle of a tropical island, and the plane has flown off in flames. This is the point when
the novel starts. There are four main characters in the book - Ralph, Piggy, Jack and
Simon. Simon is part of the choir, which is led by Jack, but Ralph and Piggy are not
members of the choir, and are in no way related. There are no adults - "There aren't any
grown ups" (P.43)Ralph has found a "conch" (P.21), and has used it to call all the boys on
the island together. This is where Jack is introduced into "Lord of the Flies""Something
dark was fumbling along" (P.26). This refers to the choir walking along the beach in the
distance. This use of language shows us that the choir is dark, evil, and sinister, and
immediately Golding tells us that this group will not be a "good" force on the island. The
choir are a militaristic group - "marching approximately…with a hambone frill" (P.26).
This shows us that their leader is in total control of the group. This leader is Jack -
"The boy who controlled them…his cap badge was golden" (P.26) This shows the authority
and status that Jack has over the choir. When the choir reach the platform, Jack shows off
- "swaying in the fierce light…his cloak flying" (P.27). This is an attempt to impress
the group, create a good impression, enough so he commands their respect as well as the
choirs', enough so that he can eventually control them as well as the choir. Jack does not
introduce himself to everyone; he first words to the group are "Where's the man with the
trumpet?" (P.27). He just gives out demands, and expects the group to answer him. This is
what he is used to. Jack is a direct contrast with Ralph - "peered down at Ralph…(the
conch) did not seem to satisfy him" (P.27) This shows us that he believes no-one is as
good a leader as him, and that the conch, which called the group together, is below him.
This is "simple arrogance" (P.29) on the part of Jack. He uses his cloak as a prop -
"Inside the floating cloak he was tall, thin, and bony" (P.27). He uses the cloak (a sign
of power) to make him into something he's not, he uses it to gain authority. "His hair was
red beneath the black cap" (P.27). The colour of his hair shows signs of a fiery temper,
and the colour of his cap reinforces his sinister side.Jacks main aim of the assemblies in
the novel are to first become chief, and then control the group. He says on page
twenty-nine with "simple arrogance", "I ought to be chief." Jack believes that no-one else
has the right to control him, and he should be in control of everyone. During the
assemblies, he rejects Piggy - "Shut up, Fatty" (P.28). He has no respect for Piggy (due
to his appearance), even though Piggy could be a very useful asset to the group. He takes
control of the assembly - "We've got to…" (P.29). Jack does this because he wants to
decide and be in control of what the group does. When the boys on the island say they want
to vote on a chief, Jack "started to protest" (P.30). This is because Jack knows that he
is not in control of the boys on the island who are not in the choir, which is the
majority, and therefore they will not vote for him. He also believes that he should be
proclaimed the leader of the group without voting, because in his opinion, no-one has the
right to be in control of him. This is because he is a natural leader, and has never been
in a position without control. This is born out when Ralph is voted chief - "and the
freckles…a blush of mortification" (P.30). Jack is very embarrassed when he is, for the
first time in his life, not in total control. Jack's personality makes him use violence to
command respect - "Jack snatched from behind him a sizeable sheath-knife and clouted it
into a trunk" (P.32), "Jack slammed his knife into a trunk and looked round challengingly"
(P.43). At this stage, his violent side doesn't extend beyond this type of violence, but
later in the novel, he can ruthlessly hunt to murder a human. Again on page fourty-three,
Jack "broke in" when Ralph was talking, in an attempt to take control of the assembly. He
wants the assembly to be focused on hunting, not rescue and shelters - "All the same you
need an army - for hunting" (P.43). When the rules are created by Ralph, Jack does not see
that Ralph created them for keeping order. He sees the rules as an opportunity to carry
out punishment. He is not a sadist, but by physically punishing people, he gains
authority, and people fear him. This is what Jack wants from the assembly. Later in the
book, as in chapter five, he has changed his identity to the extent that he is no longer
governed by the rules set by Jack - "Bollocks to the rules!" (P.114). This phrase can be
cross-referenced to "We've got to have rules and obey them" (P.55).In "Lord of the Flies,"
Jack and his "hunters" take on many roles on the island, mostly the physical, violent
ones. On page fifty-one, he decides that his choir shall be hunters - Ralph: "What do you
want them (the choir) to be?" - Jack: "Hunters." By making this change, Jack takes on the
responsibility of finding food, and also a sort of protection from any wild animals. Jack
also refers to himself, Ralph and Simon as being "explorers'" (P.33). This shows Jacks
adventurous side, and how he wants to be seen in the eyes of the group as a brave,
fearless adventurer. When the matter of the beast arises, Jack says that he doesn't think
there is a beast, "but if there is, we'd hunt it and kill it" (P.48). Jacks takes on the
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