Jean Arp Essay

This essay has a total of 546 words and 3 pages.

Jean Arp



“Art is a fruit that grows in man, like a fruit on a plant, or a child in its mother's
womb,” once commented Jean Arp--a remarkable twentieth-century sculptor, painter and poet
associated with and a forefather of the Dada and Surrealist movements. The avant-garde
artist was born on September 16, 1887 in Strasbourg, France, where he studied at the Ecole
des Arts et Métiers. In 1905, he transferred to the Weimar Academy and then to Paris at
the Académie Julian in 1908, and subsequent to graduation resumed his painting in Weggis,
Switzerland in isolation.

By 1912, Jean Arp had become associated with the Blaue Reiter, or Blue Rider, a group of
Expressionist artists in Munich, where he exhibited “semi-figurative” drawings and became
well-acquainted with fellow artist Wassily Kandinsky. In 1913, he exhibited with another
group of Expressionists at the first Hebrstsalon--or Autumn Salon, an art exhibition--in
Berlin. Aware of the developments within the French avant-garde through his contacts with
such artists as Apollinaire, Max Jacob and Sonia and Robert Delaunay in 1914, Arp
presented his first abstracts and paper cutouts in Zürich in 1915 and arranged his first
shallow wooden reliefs and compositions of string nailed to canvas.

In 1915, the art of Jean Arp consisted of abstract and angularly patterned tapestries and
drawings, but soon matured as he became the co-founder of the revolutionary Dadaist school
Continues for 2 more pages >>




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