Essay on Jfk: Was His Assassination Inevitable?

This essay has a total of 2461 words and 8 pages.

Jfk: Was His Assassination Inevitable?

A popular misconception is that President John F. Kennedy's assassination was an isolated
event perpetrated by one man. This could not be farther from the truth. Instead, it was
the result of a complex combination of domestic and foreign events. When President Kennedy
was in office, he had to deal with many issues, ranging from business and finance to
crime-fighting and war issues. Perhaps it is not as important to decide who it was that
killed him, but why. President Kennedy's decisions and courses of action were not popular
with everybody, and thus it is not surprising that his assassination was inevitable. The
people who might have wanted John F. Kennedy dead can be classified into the following
groups: Russians, Cubans, Mobsters (Organized Crime/Mafia), Special Agents (CIA), G-men
(J. Edgar Hoover's FBI), Rednecks and Oilmen (Right-wing Extremists), and the MIC
(Military Industrial Complex). Each group had its own motives for killing John F. Kennedy.
Many of these groups that wanted JFK dead are very closely intertwined, so in order to
understand each group, they will each be analyzed seperately.In order to better understand
the relationship between JFK, the Cubans and Russians, several important events must be
mentioned and discussed. Two of the most important foreign affairs in Kennedy's presidency
were the Bay of Pigs and the Cuban Missile Crisis. During Eisenhower's administration,
Cuba was torn apart by revolution. The Cuban dictator, Batista, was an extremely corrupt
man. While he was enjoying a luxurious life, the people of Cuba were in poverty. Thus it
was not surprising when a rebellion, led by a man named Fidel Castro, took place. Batista,
knowing that the majority of Cuba wanted him out, chose to flea rather than be caught and
face execution. Once Batista was out of the way, Cuba was Castro's for the taking.One of
the first actions Castro took while in charge of Cuba was to close down all casinos. The
people running them were either imprisoned or deported. Exploitation of Cuban workers by
American was unacceptable to Castro, and he took immediate action against this. He
believed American capitalists were taking advantage of the Cubans. Angered by this
aggressive attitude toward American "interests", the United States government established
a trade embargo, hoping the Cuban people would overthrow Castro and reinstate a more
"American friendly" leader.With a starving population on one side, and a broken economy on
the other, Castro turned to Russia for help. Since Russia did not own any land or power in
the US/Cuban region, Castro offered the Russians a chance to extend their sphere of
influence. An opportunity which was not refused. Of course, the American government did
not accept this situation readily. A plan to train and arm Cuban exiles who would return
to Cuba to overthrow Castro was contrived. This secret operation was viewed as far less
dangerous than a direct invasion by American troops.As the election of 1960 approached,
the CIA had already made plans to overthrow Castro with the Cuban exiles. However, to the
surprise of just about everyone, a young John F. Kennedy defeated favorite Richard Nixon
by the slimmest of margins.Nonetheless, the invasion had to go on. The plan was to bomb
Cuba's airfields to prevent the Cuban military from killing the invading exiles. However,
two things went wrong in the invasion. First, the CIA underestimated the Cuban army, and
second, the airstrips were not all taken out, allowing the Cuban airforce to retaliate.
Upon hearing news of this, the CIA told Kennedy that in order to succeed the US must
provide air coverage for the exiles. Kennedy refused however, believing it would be
foolish to provoke a crisis with the Soviets just in order to aid the exiles. Due to this,
the exiles were given no chance and were quickly demolished, and the invasion had
failed.Now that Castro knew the United States' intentions, he knew he was in immediate
danger. Once again, he turned to Russia for aid. Castro realized the only way to assert
his safety was to defend himself, and what he did was a very strategic move. He asked
Russia to send nuclear missiles to Cuba, saying to the US that any more attempted
invasions of Cuba would exact their price. For years now, the US was sending nuclear
missiles to friendly countries around Russia in order to halt any Russian expansionism,
and the Russians were more than eager to return the favor. This led to what is now known
as the Cuban Missile Crisis.On October 16, 1962 Kennedy called his closest advisors to the
White House. The CIA had verified that nuclear missiles were indeed present in Cuba,
Kennedy had to react fast. He eventually decided to launch a naval blockade to prevent any
further missiles from entering Cuba. Though threatened by Russian Prime-Minister Nikita
Khruschev Kennedy would not let this disturb him, and he did not stop the naval blockade.
The Russian ships eventually returned home, with nuclear war being narrowly
averted.However, one must consider what kind of relationship Kennedy had with both Castro
and the Russians after the crisis. Could the Bay of Pigs and Cuban Missile crisis made the
Russians and or Cubans mad enough to kill Kennedy?As was mentioned before, many of the
groups that might have wanted JFK dead are closely related. The CIA, the Military
Industrial Complex, and maybe even the FBI were all involved in the situation in Cuba, and
might of had their own reasons for wanting Kennedy dead. "I will smash the CIA into a
thousand pieces", said Kennedy after the disaster at the Bay of Pigs. The President soon
commissioned a report to see why the Cuban invasion had failed. The results of the report
were quite disturbing. It turned out that the CIA had intentionally lied to Kennedy even
though they were fully aware the invasion was predestined to fail. However, they did not
tell him this so he could be pressured into providing air cover at the last minute.
Kennedy later learned that the CIA had a secret plot to kill Castro, a plot which he would
have vehemently opposed.Kennedy realized how powerful the CIA could be, that they could
lie to him as they please, and could plot assassinations, while he remained completely
ignorant. Kennedy was not going to take this lightly. He fired the Director of the CIA,
Allen Dulles. Kennedy saw the CIA not only as corrupt, but as a threat to the freedom of
America, and to democracy everywhere. A threat too powerful to exist in a democracy such
as the United States'. One of Kennedy's first courses of action to restrain the CIA was to
sign the NASM 55 (National Security Action Memorandum), which would relieve the CIA of
it's role as presidential advisor, and NSAM 57, which said any proposed paramilitary
operation in its early staged must be presented in front of the Strategic Resources Group
for initial consideration, and than approval by the president, if necessary. Then, the SRG
will give out the responsibilities for planning, coordination, execution of the Task
Force, the department or individual best qualified to carry forward the operation, and
will choose supporting responsibilities. Any large paramilitary operation which needs a
vast number of military personnel, military equipment, or a high level of military
experience is the primary responsibility of the Department of Defense with the CIA in a
supporting role. With these two documents, Kennedy had effectively restricted the
CIA.Would it be a surprise then, if the CIA, in an effort to get rid of Kennedy and
replace him with a more favorable president, assassinated him?Another group that quite
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