Joan Miro Essay

This essay has a total of 1000 words and 7 pages.

Joan Miro



Working Thesis:

The Catalan struggle and Spanish Civil War greatly influenced Joan Miró ’s art; Miro’s
techniques of forceful strokes with paint and ceramics enable Miró to express his feelings
and depict the Catalan people’s struggle through art.



I. Surrealism in the 1920s
A.) Born into a Catalan culture
B.) Intense nationalist activity
C.) Masia
D.) Clement Greenburg

II. Lack of interest in political matters
A.) Spanish Civil War
B.) Being Catalan
C.) Catalan struggle for freedom

III. Career in art
A.) 1911 enrolled at design school
B.) Frances Galí
C.) 1914 Miró’s earliest painting
1.) Paris-1920/changes
2.) The Hunter

IV. Anger in Mirós art
A.) Spaces of his art are occupied
B.) New tensions

V. Constellations
A.) Taboos
B.) Death


Working Thesis:

The Catalan struggle and Spanish Civil War greatly influenced Joan Miró’s art; Miró’s
techniques of forceful strokes with paint and ceramics enable Miró to express his feelings
and depict the Catalan people’s struggle through art.


Surrealism in the 1920s was defined as a fantastic arrangement of materials that
influenced Miró, due to the fact that he was one of the most original and sympathetic
artists during the Surrealism periods. Miró was born into the Catalan culture in April
20,1893 in Barcelona, Spain (Munro 288). Having to be born into the Catalan culture gave
Miró an opportunity to have an intense nationalist activity. In which much attention was
paid not only to political expressions of the need for autonomy, but also to the
re-Catalanizing of every day life (Higdon 1).


“It was necessary to fight so that Catalan, our language might be recognized as a cultural
language” (“Miró”). In 1910 Miró’s parents bought a masia which is a sort of traditional
farmstead of Catalonia, where the family has its roots on the paternal side. Miró
described the masia in his painting The Farm of 1921-1922 (Figure1). Clement Greenburg a
close friend of Miró who is also a critic, said that Miró’s art is based on ideas “of
painting as an irrevocable two dimensional medium” (Munro 289).


Greenburg also stated “Miró is known for his almost total lack of interest in political
matters” (Munro 289). The only thing that really kept Miró interested was his people and
their culture. What really shot Miró down was the Spanish Civil War, he stated that “I am
not in favor of separatism. I am in favor for Spanish unity, European unity, and World
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