Johann Sebastian Bach Criticism

This essay has a total of 754 words and 5 pages.

Johann Sebastian Bach

Johann Sebastian Bach was one of
the greatest composers in Western musical history. More
than 1,000 of his compositions survive. Some examples are
the Art of Fugue, Brandenburg Concerti, the Goldberg
Variations for Harpsichord, the Mass in B- Minor, the
motets, the Easter and Christmas oratorios, Toccata in F
Major, French Suite No 5, Fugue in G Major, Fugue in G
Minor ("The Great"), St. Matthew Passion, and Jesu Der
Du Meine Seele. He came from a family of musicians.
There were over 53 musicians in his family over a period of
300 years. Johann Sebastian Bach was born in Eisenach,
Germany on March 21, 1685. His father, Johann
Ambrosius Bach, was a talented violinist, and taught his son
the basic skills for string playing; another relation, the
organist at Eisenach's most important church, instructed the
young boy on the organ. In 1695 his parents died and he
was only 10 years old. He went to go stay with his older
brother, Johann Christoph, who was a professional organist
at Ohrdruf. Johann Christoph was a professional organist,
and continued his younger brother's education on that
instrument, as well as on the harpsichord. After several
years in this arrangement, Johann Sebastian won a
scholarship to study in Luneberg, Northern Germany, and
so left his brother's tutelage. A master of several
instruments while still in his teens, Johann Sebastian first
found employment at the age of 18 as a "lackey and
violinist" in a court orchestra in Weimar; soon after, he took
the job of organist at a church in Arnstadt. Here, as in later
posts, his perfectionist tendencies and high expectations of
other musicians - for example, the church choir - rubbed
his colleagues the wrong way, and he was embroiled in a
number of hot disputes during his short tenure. In 1707, at
the age of 22, Bach became fed up with the lousy musical
standards of Arnstadt (and the working conditions) and
moved on to another organist job, this time at the St.
Blasius Church in Muhlhausen. The same year, he married
his cousin Maria Barbara Bach. Again caught up in a
running conflict between factions of his church, Bach fled to
Weimar after one year in Muhlhausen. In Weimar, he
assumed the post of organist and concertmaster in the
ducal chapel. He remained in Weimar for nine years, and
there he composed his first wave of major works, including
organ showpieces and cantatas. By this stage in his life,
Continues for 3 more pages >>




  • The Nineteenth Century
    The Nineteenth Century The Nineteenth Century American The Nineteenth Century American was very different than the Twentieth Century American. They had different technology, food, laws, dress, customs, view of art and beauty, and family structure. They lived a lot differently than we do and they acted differently, also. They liked different things, and had different customs, also. They spoke English, but used different words and words had different meanings. The Nineteenth Century American ate m
  • Dr Faustus
    Dr Faustus THE REAL DR. FAUSTUS Tales of Faustian-like episodes are not limited to the past couple of centuries. Accounts of men signing deals with the devil have been recounted since before the Reformation. Most of the time, the party accused of associating with the devil was forgiven by God and not sentenced to fulfill his contract. It was believed by some, that to conjure up a demon that could be controlled through Jesus was an act of faith- and as such could be used for noble purposes. The f
  • Comparison of Peter the Great and Louis the 14th
    Comparison of Peter the Great and Louis the 14th Video Paper # 1 In this paper I will be comparing the rule of Peter the Great and Louis the XIV. I will also be telling you about the similarities and differences between the video’s on the Sun King and Peter I. Information on the leaders “Homes” St. Petersburg and Versailles will also be included in this essay. For the first paragraph I would like to start off by talking about Chateau de Versailles. Versailles took over 50 years to build, which t
  • Politics and Religion
    Politics and Religion (This is about the Protestant Reformation, i believed that it has always existed strictly as a political event) Politics and Religion Political and social struggles causes many religious uprising. Even though Religious Reformations are major breakthroughs in the Catholic Church, its premises remained strictly as a political event. Protestantism was a technique used by noble princes as well as emperors to break away from the control of the Catholic Church and also a reason t
  • Austria
    Austria Austria Austria is the republic in central Europe. It is about 360 miles long and has an area of about 32,378 square miles. Vienna is the country’s capital and largest city. Austria is predominantly a mountainous country, with an average elevation of about 3000 feet. Most of the land falls within the eastern part of the Alps. In general the major mountain ranges of Austria run in an eastern-western direction and are separated from one another by large valleys. The northernmost line of ra
  • Perry Hall MD
    Perry Hall MD INTRODUCTION Perry Hall is located in Northeast Baltimore County. It is a prominent community with many businesses. Its boundaries are often confused with that of White Marsh because they share many things, including White Marsh Mall. Even though it is named White Marsh Mall, Perry Hall and White Marsh boundaries cut through the mall. Most people know that Perry Hall is a old town. The town was established before it was called Perry Hall. Perry Hall has had many names, Germantown b
  • Protestant reformation
    protestant reformation The Reformation of the Roman Catholic Church was a major 16th-century religious revolution. A revolution, which ended the ecclesiastical supremacy of the pope in Western Christendom and resulted in the establishment of the Protestant, churches. With the Renaissance that preceded and the French Revolution that followed, the Reformation completely altered the medieval way of life in Western Europe and initiated the era of modern history. Although the movement dates from the
  • Charles V
    Charles V "In 1519, Charles Hapsburg became Charles V. Roman Emperor. Discuss and analyze the political, social, and religious problems he faced over the course of his imperial reign of 1519-1556." Born at Ghent, 1500; died at Yuste, in Spain, 1558; Charles V. Roman Emperor, was a descendant of the house of Hapsburg, and to this descent owed his sovereignty over so many lands that it was said of him that the sun never set on his dominions. As soon as Charles received his title of emperor of the
  • Emergence of nation states
    emergence of nation states The emergence of the State system The evolution of the state system has marked various significant events in the history of mankind. These episodes and years of war and battle for supremacy, freedom, religion and pride have caused many lives to be lost for the price of having realized the genuine type of a state. Nation and state are two concepts that are very confusing and sometimes both concepts are mistakenly perceived as having the same meaning. It is therefore nec
  • German americans
    german americans In 1990 the U.S. Census Bureau reported that 57,985,595 people in the United States claimed some measure of German ancestry. This makes up almost a quarter of the U.S. population. German immigration started as early as 1607. The first three Germans to migrate to the U.S. were, F.Unger, H. Keffer, and F. Volday who were followers of Captain John Smith who settled in Jamestown, Virginia. They started the first German colony, known as the “damned dutch.” From 1820-1970 they estimat
  • Compare and Contrast Martin Luther and John Calvin
    Compare and Contrast Martin Luther and John Calvin Martin Luther and John Calvin were both very important leaders of the Protestant Reformation. Although they were both against the Roman Catholic Church, they brought about very different ideas in religion. Martin Luther founded the group that are today known as Lutherans. He was ordained a priest in 1507. He dealt with questions dealing with the structure of the church and with its moral values. These questions were important in Luther\'s eyes,
  • How the Reformation Affected 16th Century Civiliza
    How the Reformation Affected 16th Century Civilization When Martin Luther nailed his 95 theses to the door of his local monastery in Wittenberg, Germany on October 31, 1517, Europe was plunged in political and social turmoil. With only a few notable exceptions, a wave of political unity and centralization swept across the Western world. Papal power was perhaps not at its height, yet its corruption and increasingly secular values could be seen from St. Peter\'s in Rome to John Tetzel in Germany.
  • Lutheran and Protestantism
    Lutheran and Protestantism Germany Lutheran and Protestantism In 1517, an Augustinian friar named Martin Luther succeeded in single handedly challenging many otherwise generally accepted views of religion in Europe. With little more in mind than issuing a challenge in the form of a debate to anyone who believed in the system of Indulgences presented by Tetzel, Luther managed to provoke a long in the making revolt against the Catholic Church. Indulgences were a type of fundraiser of the Church’s
  • Germany
    Germany The Religions, Holidays, Festivals, and Food of Germany Germany is a small country, yet multitudinous diversity composes it within. Composed of East and West Germany, the country has a variation of language, religion, and people (Germany 151). However, this diversity does not take away from the country, instead, it only makes the culture of Germany unique in many ways. Three very important aspects of the German culture that make the country distinct are religion, holidays, festivals, an
  • 30 year war
    30 year war Why Would France, a Catholic power, help Protestants in the Thirty Years War? The Thirty Years War was a time of great religious conflict. The Calvinists opposed the Lutherans and the Catholics opposed the Protestants. Each side had no tolerance for the other and felt a deep hatred for them. The war consisted of four stages, or periods. The first of these stages was the Bohemian period. When Ferdinand came to power, in Bohemia, he immediately abolished religious freedom. The Protest
  • Charles V
    Charles V Emperor Charles V (CHARLES I, King of SPAIN). Born at Ghent, 1500; died at Yuste, in Spain, 1558; was a descendant of the house of Hapsburg, and to this descent owed his sovereignty over so many lands that it was said of him that the sun never set on his dominions. Charles was the son of Philip, Duke of Burgundy, by Joanna, daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella, and Burgundy was the first heritage to which he at his led, on his fathers death in 1506. As he was a minor at that time, his a
  • Compare and Contrast Martin Luther and John Calvin
    Compare and Contrast Martin Luther and John Calvin Martin Luther King and John Calvin were both very important leaders of the Protestant Reformation. Although they were both against the Roman Catholic Church, they brought about very different ideas in religion. Martin Luther founded the group that are today known as Lutherans. He was ordained a priest in 1507. He dealt with questions dealing with the structure of the church and with its moral values. These questions were important in Luther\'s
  • Anticatholic movement
    anticatholic movement Prejudice, as a word and not a particular viewpoint, comes from two Latin words: pre meaning "before", and judicium meaning "judgment". It would be a fair conclusion to say that anti-Catholicism is the action of making a judgment before knowing the facts, but in modern times, this has been taken to the extreme. The popularity of anti-Catholicism comes from the conclusion made by others without taking the initial steps to find out the facts personally. Anti-Catholic ministe
  • Texas
    Texas Texas, one of the West South Central states of the United States. It borders Mexico on the southwest and the Gulf of Mexico on the southeast. To the west is New Mexico, to the north and northeast lie Oklahoma and Arkansas, and Louisiana bounds Texas on the east. Austin is the capital of Texas. Houston is the largest city. Texas is the size of Ohio, Indiana, and all the New England and Middle Atlantic states combined, and its vast area encompasses forests, mountains, deserts and dry plains,
  • Martin Luther King
    Martin Luther King How Did Martin Luther Challenge Loyalty To The Roman Catholic Church In our society today, it is ruled with a firm hand. Similar aspects of our modern society and how our society was. Back then in the early fifteen - hundreds were similar. Such as today the public has the right to free speech and to build and choose a strong democracy, and a responsible loyal leader. The people in our life want to seek independence and live their own life from the ruler. In a unique way, all t
  • Immigration descrimination
    immigration descrimination Attention statement: "Give me your tired, your poor, your huddles masses yearning to be free" these are the words that have greeted hundreds of thousands of immigrants coming to our country on the gates of Ellis Island. INTRO America is an idea, a set of beliefs about people and their relationships and the kind of society which holds the best hope of satisfying the needs each of us brings as an individual. For countless immigrants, the struggle to arrive in America was
  • Religion In America, 1492-1790
    Religion In America, 1492-1790 Religion in the New World exploded into the land with the colonization of thousands of immigrants. It played an important role in the development of thought in the West. Religion was one of the first concepts to spark the desires of people from other countries to emigrate to the new lands. While many religions blossomed on the American shores of the Atlantic, a basic structure held for most of them, being predominantly derived from Puritanism. Jamestown, the first
  • Holocaust Museum
    Holocaust Museum Fourth Floor The Nazi Assult 1. The first exhibit that I experienced was a film on Hitlers\' rise to power. It showed how he played on the fears of the people by using propaganda to promote himself to becoming Chancellor of Germany. Ever though he lost the election, Hindenburg on January 30, 1933 appointed Hitler Chancellor. 2. The next thing that caught my interest was a film on anti-Semitism. This film showed the roots for people\'s natural fear of the Jews from the times of C
  • Thirty Years War
    Thirty Years War Philip, Spanish kings. Philip I (the Handsome), 1478-1506, king of Castile (1506), was the son of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I and Mary of Burgundy. He inherited Burgundy and the Low Countries from his mother and was titular joint ruler of Castile with his wife, Joanna. But her father ruled these lands as his regent, so he contested (1504) Ferdinand\'s regency and assumed (1506) joint rule of Castile with his wife. Philip\'s early death, however, and his wife\'s deteriorating
  • Popes
    Popes Popes The Protestant Reformation marked a time of great religious, social and political upheaval. For the first time in history the Christian church was permanently shattered. The Reformation originated from a trend in returning to the biblical days of Christianity and a renewal of morality. Unfortunately the Catholic religious leaders didn\'t share in the renewal of morality. The Renaissance popes were partially responsible for the decline of the church;however, it was the Church\'s past
  • Holocaust Museum
    Holocaust Museum Fourth Floor The Nazi Assult 1. The first exhibit that I experienced was a film on Hitlers\' rise to power. It showed how he played on the fears of the people by using propaganda to promote himself to becoming Chancellor of Germany. Ever though he lost the election, Hindenburg on January 30, 1933 appointed Hitler Chancellor. 2. The next thing that caught my interest was a film on anti-Semitism. This film showed the roots for people\'s natural fear of the Jews from the times of C
  • JOHN PAUL II
    JOHN PAUL II JOHN PAUL II JOHN PAUL II was the first non-Italian pope since 1523, whose energetic, active approach to his office, unprecedented world travel, and firm religious conservatism have enhanced the importance of the papacy in both the Roman Catholic church and the non-Catholic world. The pope is also the head of the independent state of Vatican City. Born Karol Wojty³a on May 18, 1920, in Wadowice, Poland, he studied poetry and drama at the University of Krakow. During World War II he
  • Counter Reformation
    Counter Reformation In order to understand the Counter Reformation one must consider the political factors and motivators behind them as well as the belief factors when examining clashes with the Catholic Church. The Catholic Church during 16th century experienced a reformation that was both politically and belief driven. The Catholic Reformation also known as the Counter Reformation allowed the church to clearly define its position, eliminate unchristian practices and examine its role in world.
  • Life of Martin Luther
    Life of Martin Luther The Life of Martin Luther Martin Luther lived in a period that had a wide spread desire for reformation of the Christan Churhc and played the role in the development of Protestantism. Luther was born at Eislebenin Saxony. Since his father was a miner, it was a great distress on him to send Martin to school and then to the University of Erfurt. That is where he earned his master\'s degree at the young age of twenty-one(Erikson, 39). Although his father wished him to study la
  • Education History
    Education History What factors in society ended sectarianism in schools, and made them secular? Probably no single movement so greatly affected colonial America as the Protestant Reformation. Most of the Europeans who came to America were Protestants, but there were many denominations. Lutherans from Germany and Scandinavia settled in the middle colonies along with Puritans and Presbyterians. The Reformation was centered upon efforts to capture the minds of men, therefore great emphasis was plac
  • CULTURAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN UNITED STATES AND UKR
    CULTURAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN UNITED STATES AND UKRAINE CULTURAL DIFFERENCE BETWEEN UNITED STATES AND UKRAINE The United States of America is a country of many cultures mixed in one. The main reason for this is immigration. It has many religions, many languages spoken, and many ethnic beliefs. Some religions, languages or beliefs, may be more frequently spoken or believed then others, but in general the United States has a wide variety of culture. On the other hand, Ukraine, which is a country mu
  • Martin Luther King
    Martin Luther King How Did Martin Luther Challenge Loyalty To The Roman Catholic Church In our society today, it is ruled with a firm hand. Similar aspects of our modern society and how our society was. Back then in the early fifteen - hundreds were similar. Such as today the public has the right to free speech and to build and choose a strong democracy, and a responsible loyal leader. The people in our life want to seek independence and live their own life from the ruler. In a unique way, all t
  • Brazil
    Brazil Brazil is composed of 26 states and the federal district. The states, in descending order of population, are Sao Paulo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, Bahia, Rio Grande do Sul, Parana, Pernambuco, Ceara, Para, Maranhao, Santa Catarina, Goias, Paraiba, Espirito Santo, Piaui, Alagoas, Rio Grande do Norte, Amazonas, Mata Grosso, Mata Grosso do Sul, Sergipe, Rondonia, Tocantins, +Akko, Amapa, and Roraima. The federal district includes Brasilia, which replaced Rio de Janeiro as the national ca
  • The Age of Reformation
    The Age of Reformation The Age of Reformation The Age of Reformation - religious revolution in Western Europe in the 16th cent. Beginning as a reform movement within the Roman Catholic Church, the Reformation ultimately led to freedom of dissent. The preparation for the movement was long and there had been earlier calls for reform, e.g., by John WYCLIF and John HUSS. Desire for change within the church was increased by the RENAISSANCE, with its study of ancient texts and emphasis on the individu
  • Nineteenth Century
    Nineteenth Century The Nineteenth Century American The Nineteenth Century American was very different than the Twentieth Century American. They had different technology, food, laws, dress, customs, view of art and beauty, and family structure. They lived a lot differently than we do and they acted differently, also. They liked different things, and had different customs, also. They spoke English, but used different words and words had different meanings. The Nineteenth Century American ate many
  • Reformation in continental Europe and England and
    Reformation in continental Europe and England and its consequences Reformation is the religious revolution that took place in Western Europe in the 16th century. It arose from objections to doctrines and practices in the medieval church, loss of papal authority and credibility as well as other societal, political and economical issues of the time. This revolution had a major impact on Europe and it gave way to short term and long-term consequences, which still can be seen today. There were many