John Marshal Essay

This essay has a total of 555 words and 4 pages.

John Marshal




Blake Zuckerman
Period 1 History

Did the Supreme Court Under John Marshal have a significant impact on American history?


John Marshall was born in 1755. He was the 4th chief justice of the U.S Supreme Court of
Virginia for 34 years. (http://www.encyclopedia.com/articles/08102.html) He was a
federalist who believed that the U.S should have a powerful central government. Marshall
defended the U.S. constitution, and did not trust the Jeffersonians because he felt it was
his duty to protect the government. Many of his conclusions and decisions were drawn from
three major cases, which were: Fletcher vs. Peck, Marbury vs. Madison and McCulloch vs.
Maryland. (http://odur.let.rug.nl/usa/B/jmarshal/marsh.htm) He had a great impact on
getting the people to respect the Supreme Court, which later gave him the nickname Great
Chief Justice. He had a great positive impact on the Supreme Court, but mostly on the
judicial system. (http://history1700s.about…/aa022198.htm?iam=ask&terms=) Below I
will describe any significant information needed about John Marshall and about some of the
major cases.


The case Marbury vs. Madison was brought to attention by William Marbury. He ordered James
Madison to give him his commission as justice of the peace. (Madison was the secretary of
the state at the time.) In this case Marshall favored Marbury. Marshall argued that the
court might rule an act of congress unenforceable if the act goes against the
constitution. From this Marshall made the Doctrine of Judicial Power.
(http://history1700s.about…/aa022198.htm?iam=ask&terms=)

One of the significant cases Marshall dealt with was the case of McCulloch vs. Maryland.
That case occurred in 1819, and showed that Marshall could use the constitution wisely and
to his advantage. It is about how Maryland tried to force the Bank of the United States
out of its territory by taxing it. Marshall favored McCulloch and backed him up with the
statement that “no state had the right to hinder or control any national institution
established within its borders” (quote from article III of the Articles of
Confederation). (http://www.encyclopedia.com/) From this, Marshall established the
doctrine of judicial view. (www.law.cornell.edu) The constitution was very helpful in
supporting the federal government for Marshall.

There was also the famous case, of Fletcher vs. Peck in 1810. In this Marshall made the
law that states that the Constitution protects against interference from the states. This
case was the first time that the court declared a state law unconstitutional. (World Book
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