Journal article Essay

This essay has a total of 691 words and 4 pages.

Journal article

Journal article

Using an academic search engine (Staffordshire university website), a link was found to
www.sro.org, which contained many psychology journals on the topic of sleep and dreaming.
Many journal articles were found, though the selected journal was ‘Slow wave & REM sleep
mentation' (Cicogna, Natale, Occhionero, Bosinelli 2000), previously used as assessment
for the Internet journal assignment.


Identifying hypothesis (10)
The title is clear and straight to the point, highlighting the essential elements of the
study. As the abstract shows, the aim of the journal is to compare the characteristics of
rapid eye movement (REM) and slow wave sleep (SWS). This would be to accept the hypothesis
that dreaming is a continuous act, with allowing the different distributions and levels of
REM and SWS to occur at different times during the sleep process.

It has been acknowledged that the sleep process is divided into certain stages of REM and
non rapid eye movement (NREM), being a crucial difference and the main point for NREM,
i.e., SWS not being a part of the dreaming process. There has been much previous research
about whether REM sleep can be connected to dreaming, outlaying different theories both
for and against. An example of a study is to test participants on recall of their dreams
through extreme controlled situations. It was found that 60-70% of SWS stage (3rd & 4th
stage of NREM) could be recalled. Though this has not systematically been researched since
1968, it was argued how SWS could be bracketed as a continuous dreaming act when the
recall results were so high, compared with the minimalist recall of REM stages. It has
been suggested, therefore, that there are multiple generators dealing with these different
stages, with the theory that it must be a discontinuous act, due the change of generators.

However to put a different spin on the issue, most researchers believe there are some
realities between REM and NREM s the term ‘dream' or ‘dreaming' does not have a
uniform definition. The aim of the experiment is to try and find evidence to establish any
connection between REM and SWS and infer a continuous dreaming process. This will be done
by studying the differential elements between mental experiences collected in REM and
NREM, leading to the suggestion that they are all quantitative. If this is proved then the
idea of multiple generators may be eliminated, and replace by a single generator,
considering dreaming continuously as fantasies & daydreams during sleep and those during
wakening hours)


Provide mini-abstract (15)

Criticisms-method/ethics/analyse (10)
Does not use previous literature to explain reasons in introduction, simply quotes names
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