Karl Marx

This essay has a total of 2104 words and 7 pages.

Karl Marx


Karl Marx was the greatest thinker and philosopher of his time. His views on life and the
social structure of his time revolutionized the way in which people think. He created an
opportunity for the lower class to rise Above the aristocrats and failed due to the
creation of the middle class. Despite this failure, he was still a great political leader
and set the Basis of Communism in Russia. His life contributed to the way people think
Today, and because of him people are more open to suggestion and are Quicker to create
ideas on political issues. Karl Heinrich Marx was born May 5th, 1818 in Trier. Although he
had three other siblings, all sisters, he was the favorite child to his father, Heinrich.
His mother, a Dutch Jewess named Henrietta Pressburg, had no interest in Karl's
intellectual side during his life. His father was a Jewish lawyer, and before his death in
1838, converted his family to Christianity to preserve his job with the Prussian state.
When Heinrich's mother died, he no longer felt he had an obligation to his religion, thus
helping him in the decision in turning to Christianity. Karl's childhood was a happy and
carefree one. His parents had a good relationship and it help set Karl in the right
direction." His 'Splendid natural gifts' awakened in his father the hope that they would
One day be used in the service of humanity, whilst his mother declared him to be a child
of fortune in whose hands everything would go well. (The story of his life, Mehring, page
2) In High school, Karl stood out among the crowd. When asked to write a report on "How to
choose a profession" he took a different approach. He took the angle in which most
interested him, by saying that there was no way to choose a profession, but because of
circumstances one is placed in an occupation. A person with an aristocratic background is
more likely to have a higher role in society as apposed to someone from a much poorer
background. While at Bonn at the age of eighteen he got engaged to Jenny Von Westphalen,
daughter of the upperclassmen Ludwig Von Westphalen. She was the childhood friend of
Marx's oldest sister, Sophie. The engagement was a secret one, meaning they got engaged
without asking permission of Jenny's parents. Heinrich Marx was uneasy about this but
before long the consent was given. Karl's school life other than his marks is unknown. He
never spoke of his friends as a youth, and no one has ever came to speak of him through
his life. He left high school in August of 1835 to go on to the University of Bonn in the
fall of the same year to study law. His father wanted him to be a lawyer much like himself
but when Karl's reckless university life was getting in the way after a year Heinrich
transferred him to Berlin. Also, he did not go to most lectures, and showed little
interest in what was to be learned. Karl's reckless ways were not tolerated at Berlin, a
more conservative college without the mischievous ways of the other universities. While at
Berlin, Marx became part of the group known as the Yong Hegelians. The group was organized
in part due to the philosophy teacher Hegel that taught from 1818 to his death. The
teachings of Hegel shaped the way the school thought towards most things. Those who
studied Hegel and his ideals were known as the Young Hegelians. Hegel spoke of the
development and evolution of the mind and of ideas. Although Karl was younger than most in
the group, he was recognized for his intellectual ability and became the focus of the
group. While at Berlin "He came to believe that all the various sciences and philosophies
were part of one overarching, which, when completed, which would give a true and total
picture of the universe and man." (Communist Manifesto, Marx (Francis B. Randal), page 15)
Marx was an atheist, and believed that science and philosophy would prove everything. Thus
he had no belief in a god of any type. Marx believed that Hegel must have been an atheist
as well because of his strong belief in the mind. Marx's doctoral thesis was competed in
1841. It carried the title "The Difference Between the Philosophies of Nature of
Democrtius and Epicurus."(The Making of Marx's Critical Theory, Oakley, page 11) It had to
do with the Greek philosopher Epicurus and how his beliefs related to Marxs' of that day.
This thesis was an early indication of the thinking behind Karl Marx. Much of his later
work and ideas are evident in this essay. He passed his thesis into the University of Jena
because Bonn and Berlin required an oral part to the thesis. The quickness was also a
matter in this. He passed it in early April, and got his degree in history and philosophy
in April 15, 1841. After graduation, he was unable to find work. This caused him to take a
job with the German newspaper Rheinische Zeitung in early 1842. By the end of the year,
Marx made editor-in-chief. A few months after that in 1843 because of his radical
writings, and his social views, Marx was forced to step down as editor, and soon after
that the paper closed altogether. He married Jenny von Westphalen, and with a member of
the Young Hegelians, Arnold Ruge went to Paris to publish a radical journal on his
beliefs. It was evident in his works that he was a revolutionary that advocated criticism
of everything in existence. This was especially anticipated by the proletariat. The
proletariat were the working class of the day. They were the poor and made up the majority
of people. Marx went on to believe that the proletariat would rise up against the
bourgeoisie. Then in 1844 Marx met a man that would change his life forever. When going to
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